D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

Uighurs





Sophie Richardson, the China director for Human Rights Watch, describes this app as the “central nervous system of surveillance” as it gathers data from various sources of monitoring that China has installed throughout Xinjiang, including closed-circuit and facial recognition cameras. May 2019


78 pages


https://www.justice.gov/eoir/page/file/1159396/download










                            





CHINA CABLES


Exposed: China’s Operating Manuals for Mass Internment and Arrest by Algorithm


Bethany Allen-Ebrahimian



November 24, 2019



A new leak of highly classified Chinese government documents reveals the operations manual for running the mass detention camps in Xinjiang and exposed the mechanics of the region’s system of mass surveillance.

The China Cables, obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, include a classified list of guidelines, personally approved by the region’s top security chief, that effectively serves as a manual for operating the camps now holding hundreds of thousands of Muslim Uighurs and other minorities. The leak also features previously undisclosed intelligence briefings that reveal, in the government’s own words, how Chinese police are guided by a massive data collection and analysis system that uses artificial intelligence to select entire categories of Xinjiang residents for detention.



https://www.icij.org/investigations/china-cables/exposed-chinas-operating-manuals-for-mass-internment-and-arrest-by-algorithm/




                            




Watch: China Cables Exposes Chilling Details of Mass Detention in Xinjiang

Scilla Alecci


November 24, 2019

A new leak of classified Chinese government documents has exposed the secret details behind China’s mass detention camps.

The International Consortium of Investigative Journalist’s latest investigation, China Cables, marks a significant advance in the world’s knowledge about the largest mass internment of an ethnic-religious minority since World War II.

A leak of highly classified Chinese government documents, the China Cables, now reveal that since at least July 2016, Chinese authorities have been targeting users of the Zapya app, known in Chinese as Kuai Ya (fast tooth), as part of their crackdown against the Muslim Uighur population. Officials have closely monitored the app on some Uighurs’ phones and flagged its users for further investigation, according to leaked documents obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and shared with 17 media partners.



https://www.icij.org/investigations/china-cables/how-china-targets-uighurs-one-by-one-for-using-a-mobile-app/







                          



video on youtube.com 1:47 minutes



https://www.icij.org/investigations/china-cables/watch-china-cables-exposes-chilling-details-of-mass-detention-in-xinjiang/












https://www.icij.org/investigations/china-cables/read-the-china-cables-documents/








The Four Bulletins lay out the connection between mass surveillance and the Xinjiang camps

Bulletin #2


https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6558501-China-Cables-IJOP-Daily-Bulletin-2-Chinese.html



Bulletin #9






Bulletin #14


https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6558505-China-Cables-IJOP-Daily-Bulletin-14-Chinese.html




Bulletin #20


https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6558507-China-Cables-IJOP-Daily-Bulletin-20-Chinese.html










Telegrams


岌电单位 自治区党委政法委 釜 朝壶锢募 」仓

关千进一步加强和规范职业技能

教盲培训中心工作的意见

伊犁唔萨克自治州党耍政法耍} 各地` 州` 市党耍玟法耍:

在打好反恐维稳 "组告奉” 和 钎三仗一战” 中, 对重点人员 集中开展免费职业技能款育培训, 是′项崴嘻性、 关犍性` 长期 性幸措口 为圭入贯彻落实自治匡党耍相关决覃部署, 进一步加强 和规范职业技能培训中啦 ( 以下茼称培训中啦〕 工作, 确保培训 坻所绝对安全, 捉高鞋育培圳质效} 最大限度教育、 挽救` 保护 重点人员, 捉迸圭疆社会稳定和长洽尻安, 根据相关法律法规, 在前期教育培圳工作揩导嵩见陋皋的基础上, 再捉出如下意 见口

_` 确保培训场所绝对安圭

共自页




https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/6558509-China-Cables-Telegram-Chinese.html








                          



Uighurs and their supporters decry Chinese ‘concentration camps,’ ‘genocide’ after documents leaked


The Washington Post


November 18, 2019


Government documents leaked to the New York Times revealed Chinese plans to detain millions of ethnic minorities in the Xinjiang region.

Lateshia Beachum



Analysis: The stunning new evidence of China’s dictatorial repression

Uighur activists and supporters say that leaked Chinese documents that reveal the government's plans to detain millions of ethnic minorities in the Xinjiang region are 'truly chilling' and prove 'genocide.'

The documents, which the newspaper on Saturday said were leaked by 'a member of the Chinese political establishment,' show how Xi gave a series of internal speeches to officials during and after a 2014 visit to Xinjiang following a stabbing attack by Uighur militants at a train station that killed 31 people.

Geng called article a 'clumsy patchwork' based on 'selected interpretation' of the documents aimed at smearing China's efforts in Xinjiang.

He did not, however, question the validity of the documents, which detail among other things, the pivotal role played by president and Communist Party leader Xi Jinping.

The report said Xi called for an 'all-out 'struggle against terrorism, infiltration, and separatism' using the 'organs of dictatorship,' and showing 'absolutely no mercy'.'

The documents show that the Chinese leadership's fears were heightened by terrorist attacks in other countries and the US removal of troops from Afghanistan.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7696983/Chinese-documents-demanding-no-mercy-ethnic-minorities-prove-genocide-plans-claim-Uighurs.html








            


‘Absolutely No Mercy’: Leaked Files Expose How China Organized Mass Detentions of Muslims


More than 400 pages of internal Chinese documents provide an unprecedented inside look at the crackdown on ethnic minorities in the Xinjiang region.

By Austin Ramzy and Chris Buckley


November 16, 2019


阅读简体中文版

HONG KONG — The students booked their tickets home at the end of the semester, hoping for a relaxing break after exams and a summer of happy reunions with family in China’s far west.

Instead, they would soon be told that their parents were gone, relatives had vanished and neighbors were missing — all of them locked up in an expanding network of detention camps built to hold Muslim ethnic minorities.

The authorities in the Xinjiang region worried the situation was a powder keg. And so they prepared.

The leadership distributed a classified directive advising local officials to corner returning students as soon as they arrived and keep them quiet. It included a chillingly bureaucratic guide for how to handle their anguished questions, beginning with the most obvious: Where is my family?




            

“They’re in a training school set up by the government,” the prescribed answer began. If pressed, officials were to tell students that their relatives were not criminals — yet could not leave these “schools.”




                  

The question-and-answer script also included a barely concealed threat: Students were to be told that their behavior could either shorten or extend the detention of their relatives.




                   

“I’m sure that you will support them, because this is for their own good,” officials were advised to say, “and also for your own good.”




The directive was among 403 pages of internal documents that have been shared with The New York Times in one of the most significant leaks of government papers from inside China’s ruling Communist Party in decades. They provide an unprecedented inside view of the continuing clampdown in Xinjiang, in which the authorities have corralled as many as a million ethnic Uighurs, Kazakhs and others into internment camps and prisons over the past three years.







               


Document: What Chinese Officials Told

Children Whose Families Were Put in Camps


NOV. 16, 2019


This document, part of 403 pages obtained by The New York Times, tells Chinese officials in Xinjiang how to explain the disappearance of parents and families detained in camps built to hold Muslim minorities. Anguished students asking about their parents were told they had nothing to worry about.

Leaked Files Expose How China Organized Mass Detentions of Muslims

Q. and A. Script

Directive

Annex:

Tactics from Turpan City for answering questions asked by the children of concentrated education and training school

students

1. Where are my family members?

They’re in a training school set up by the government to undergo collective systematic training, study and instruction. They have very good conditions for studying and living there, and you have nothing to worry about. Tuition for their period of study is free and so are food and living costs, and the standards are quite high. The provision for food is 21 yuan or more a day — that’s even better than the living standards that some students have back home. Our officials accompany them at study every day, offering counseling and assistance, and they eat the same food and live in the same dormitories, so you have absolutely no need to worry about how they’re doing. If you want to see them, we can arrange for you to have a video meeting.





             



5 Takeaways From the Leaked Files on China’s Mass Detention of Muslims

The New York Times

By Austin Ramzy


Nov. 16, 2019

Updated 12:50 p.m. ET


Hundreds of pages of internal papers offer new insight into how the program began, how it was justified even as the damage it caused was clear, and how some officials resisted it.



https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/16/world/asia/china-muslims-detention.html