D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi


Sophie Richardson, the China director for Human Rights Watch, describes this app as the “central nervous system of surveillance” as it gathers data from various sources of monitoring that China has installed throughout Xinjiang, including closed-circuit and facial recognition cameras. May 2019

78 pages




Exposed: China’s Operating Manuals for Mass Internment and Arrest by Algorithm

Bethany Allen-Ebrahimian

November 24, 2019

A new leak of highly classified Chinese government documents reveals the operations manual for running the mass detention camps in Xinjiang and exposed the mechanics of the region’s system of mass surveillance.

The China Cables, obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, include a classified list of guidelines, personally approved by the region’s top security chief, that effectively serves as a manual for operating the camps now holding hundreds of thousands of Muslim Uighurs and other minorities. The leak also features previously undisclosed intelligence briefings that reveal, in the government’s own words, how Chinese police are guided by a massive data collection and analysis system that uses artificial intelligence to select entire categories of Xinjiang residents for detention.



Watch: China Cables Exposes Chilling Details of Mass Detention in Xinjiang

Scilla Alecci

November 24, 2019

A new leak of classified Chinese government documents has exposed the secret details behind China’s mass detention camps.

The International Consortium of Investigative Journalist’s latest investigation, China Cables, marks a significant advance in the world’s knowledge about the largest mass internment of an ethnic-religious minority since World War II.

A leak of highly classified Chinese government documents, the China Cables, now reveal that since at least July 2016, Chinese authorities have been targeting users of the Zapya app, known in Chinese as Kuai Ya (fast tooth), as part of their crackdown against the Muslim Uighur population. Officials have closely monitored the app on some Uighurs’ phones and flagged its users for further investigation, according to leaked documents obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and shared with 17 media partners.



video on youtube.com 1:47 minutes



The Four Bulletins lay out the connection between mass surveillance and the Xinjiang camps

Bulletin #2


Bulletin #9

Bulletin #14


Bulletin #20



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Uighurs and their supporters decry Chinese ‘concentration camps,’ ‘genocide’ after documents leaked

The Washington Post

November 18, 2019

Government documents leaked to the New York Times revealed Chinese plans to detain millions of ethnic minorities in the Xinjiang region.

Lateshia Beachum

Analysis: The stunning new evidence of China’s dictatorial repression

Uighur activists and supporters say that leaked Chinese documents that reveal the government's plans to detain millions of ethnic minorities in the Xinjiang region are 'truly chilling' and prove 'genocide.'

The documents, which the newspaper on Saturday said were leaked by 'a member of the Chinese political establishment,' show how Xi gave a series of internal speeches to officials during and after a 2014 visit to Xinjiang following a stabbing attack by Uighur militants at a train station that killed 31 people.

Geng called article a 'clumsy patchwork' based on 'selected interpretation' of the documents aimed at smearing China's efforts in Xinjiang.

He did not, however, question the validity of the documents, which detail among other things, the pivotal role played by president and Communist Party leader Xi Jinping.

The report said Xi called for an 'all-out 'struggle against terrorism, infiltration, and separatism' using the 'organs of dictatorship,' and showing 'absolutely no mercy'.'

The documents show that the Chinese leadership's fears were heightened by terrorist attacks in other countries and the US removal of troops from Afghanistan.



‘Absolutely No Mercy’: Leaked Files Expose How China Organized Mass Detentions of Muslims

More than 400 pages of internal Chinese documents provide an unprecedented inside look at the crackdown on ethnic minorities in the Xinjiang region.

By Austin Ramzy and Chris Buckley

November 16, 2019


HONG KONG — The students booked their tickets home at the end of the semester, hoping for a relaxing break after exams and a summer of happy reunions with family in China’s far west.

Instead, they would soon be told that their parents were gone, relatives had vanished and neighbors were missing — all of them locked up in an expanding network of detention camps built to hold Muslim ethnic minorities.

The authorities in the Xinjiang region worried the situation was a powder keg. And so they prepared.

The leadership distributed a classified directive advising local officials to corner returning students as soon as they arrived and keep them quiet. It included a chillingly bureaucratic guide for how to handle their anguished questions, beginning with the most obvious: Where is my family?


“They’re in a training school set up by the government,” the prescribed answer began. If pressed, officials were to tell students that their relatives were not criminals — yet could not leave these “schools.”


The question-and-answer script also included a barely concealed threat: Students were to be told that their behavior could either shorten or extend the detention of their relatives.


“I’m sure that you will support them, because this is for their own good,” officials were advised to say, “and also for your own good.”

The directive was among 403 pages of internal documents that have been shared with The New York Times in one of the most significant leaks of government papers from inside China’s ruling Communist Party in decades. They provide an unprecedented inside view of the continuing clampdown in Xinjiang, in which the authorities have corralled as many as a million ethnic Uighurs, Kazakhs and others into internment camps and prisons over the past three years.


Document: What Chinese Officials Told

Children Whose Families Were Put in Camps

NOV. 16, 2019

This document, part of 403 pages obtained by The New York Times, tells Chinese officials in Xinjiang how to explain the disappearance of parents and families detained in camps built to hold Muslim minorities. Anguished students asking about their parents were told they had nothing to worry about.

Leaked Files Expose How China Organized Mass Detentions of Muslims

Q. and A. Script



Tactics from Turpan City for answering questions asked by the children of concentrated education and training school


1. Where are my family members?

They’re in a training school set up by the government to undergo collective systematic training, study and instruction. They have very good conditions for studying and living there, and you have nothing to worry about. Tuition for their period of study is free and so are food and living costs, and the standards are quite high. The provision for food is 21 yuan or more a day — that’s even better than the living standards that some students have back home. Our officials accompany them at study every day, offering counseling and assistance, and they eat the same food and live in the same dormitories, so you have absolutely no need to worry about how they’re doing. If you want to see them, we can arrange for you to have a video meeting.


5 Takeaways From the Leaked Files on China’s Mass Detention of Muslims

The New York Times

By Austin Ramzy

Nov. 16, 2019

Updated 12:50 p.m. ET

Hundreds of pages of internal papers offer new insight into how the program began, how it was justified even as the damage it caused was clear, and how some officials resisted it.