D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi



                  Death of Sparticus at the Sileras River in 71 BCE

Contrary to popular belief, Spartacus was not crucified as he was unidentified when he fell in battle. 

One of the areas of interest for the author is military history. For example, he has just finished reading The Spartacus War by Barry Strauss. It depicts how the gladiator Spartacus led an army of slaves to defeat two Roman legions from 73-71 BCE. His military genius is highlighted when his army tried to cross a narrow passage to Sicily. One might surmise that he realized that there had been two major slave revolts in Sicily during the periods 135-132 BCE and 110-104 BCE. By invading the island he would be able to enlist new recruits for his revolt thus opening the way to escape by sea to another location.


The author has had a particular interest in ancient Greek history since his high school days. He is just completing a book by Ernle Bradford called Thermopylae: The Battle for the West. Surprisingly, it provides many new insights into the topic of the invasion of the Greek city-states. At the time of Xerxes' campaign the pro Persian Carthaginians under Hamilcar also tried to take Sicily. The struggle between Persia and the Greek poleis is really a clash of civilizations manifesting itself through warfare. Today, China and the United States might mistakenly fall into a similar armed conflict through what is called The Thucydides Trap.