D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

The Academicians


                                               Liu Xiaobo

Liu Xiaobo: China tells US not to interfere over jailed dissident

The political activist, who is serving an 11 year term on subversion charges for calling for greater democracy, has been moved to hospital after being diagnosed with terminal liver cancer.

His wife Liu Xia, who is under house arrest, says it is beyond treatment.

The Nobel laureate was diagnosed with cancer on 23 May, lawyer Mo Shaoping told the South China Morning Post. He was released days later and is now being treated in the northern city of Shenyang.

"We call on the Chinese authorities to not only release Mr Liu but also to allow his wife Ms Liu Xia out of house arrest," US embassy spokeswoman Mary Beth Polley said.


This picture released by the family of Liu Xiaobo taken on March 14, 2005 shows 2010 Nobel peace laureate Liu Xiaobo (L) and his brother Liu Xiaoxuan in Guangzhou in southern China.

(Handout/AFP/Getty Images)

Chinese Nobel Peace Laureate Liu Xiaobo released from prison, suffering from liver cancer

The Washington Post

Emily Rauhala Simon Denyer

June 26, 2017

BEIJING — China’s only Nobel Peace Prize winner and most famous dissident, Liu Xiaobo, was released Monday from prison on medical grounds to treat his advanced liver cancer, his lawyer told The Washington Post.

Liu, 61, who participated in the 1989 pro-democracy Tiananmen Square demonstrations, became the first citizen of the People’s Republic of China to win the Nobel Prize in 2010 for advocating greater freedoms in his country — and is the only laureate currently serving a prison sentence.

He was arrested in 2008 and subsequently sentenced to 11 years in prison for “inciting subversion of state power.” China has held him incommunicado since — in hopes of erasing any memory of him, according to colleagues and rights activists.


                                                       Liu Xiaobo  刘晓波

Liu Xiaobo (Chinese: 刘晓波; pinyin: Liú Xiǎobō) (born 28 December 1955) is a Chinese literary critic, writer, professor, and human rights activist who called for political reforms and the end of communist single-party rule. He is currently incarcerated as a political prisoner in Jinzhou, Liaoning.

Liu's writing is considered subversive by the Chinese Communist Party, and his name is censored. He has called for multi-party elections, free markets, advocated the values of freedom, supported separation of powers and urged the governments to be accountable for its wrongdoings. When not in prison, he has been the subject of government monitoring and put under house arrest during sensitive times.

On 1 December 2009, Beijing police transferred Liu's case to the procuratorate for investigation and processing; on 10 December, the procuratorate formally indicted Liu on charges of "inciting subversion of state power" under and sent his lawyers, Shang Baojun and Ding Xikui, the indictment document. He was tried at Beijing No. 1 Intermediate Court on 23 December 2009. His wife was not permitted to observe the hearing, although his brother-in-law was present. Diplomats from more than a dozen states – including the U.S., Britain, Canada, Sweden, Australia and New Zealand – were denied access to the court to watch the trial and stood outside the court for its duration. Amongst these included Gregory May, political officer at the U.S. Embassy, and Nicholas Weeks, first secretary of the Swedish Embassy.


                                                             SHENG Hong

An Explanation on Confucianism by Economics

Published by Economic Press China

Professor SHENG Hong

An Explanation of Confucianism by Economics (《儒学的经济学解释》), the latest work of Professor SHENG Hong, Director of Unirule, is published by Economic Press China (中国经济出版社). This book compiles some of the Professor SHENG’s most recent research on Confucianism and provides an alternative illustration of Confucianism in economic terms.


                                       FANG Shaowei

Biweekly Symposium No. 551:
Illustrating the Logic of Political Collapse.
Lecturer:  FANG Shaowei
Host: QIN Sidao
Commentators: LEI Yi, WU Si, JIA Xijin

Mr. FANG Shaowei started his presentation by introducing the lack of an argument on how political collapse happens in the neo-institutional economics which is established by theories such as Buchanan’s public choice, Olson’s collective action, Kaplan’s collective faith, De Mesquita’s political loyalty, North’s open opportunity, and Acemoglu’s inclusive system. Mr. FANG’s new book The Logic of Political Collapse aims to explain how political systems collapse whatsoever. Mr. FANG dismissed many traditional theories that tried and failed to illustrate how political systems came into collapse following the evolution of political institutions.


                                         XU LIANGYING


Physicist Liangying Xu has been awarded the 2008 Andrei Sakharov Prize by the APS for his efforts to promote human rights in China. Inspired by Albert Einstein, Xu has been a lifetime advocate for democracy, free speech, human rights, and academic freedom.

Throughout his life, Xu continued to advocate for human rights.  In 1981, he cited Einstein on the need for freedom of speech for scientific progress. Xu felt the government was not adequately supportive of basic science, and that more academic freedom was needed both for scientific progress and for human progress.

In 1989, astrophysicist Fang Lizhi wrote an open letter calling for the release of political prisoners. At the same time, Xu and friends wrote an open letter calling for democracy, protection of human rights, and free speech. The letter was signed by prominent dissidents, including many scientists. This and Fang’s letter served as inspiration to the students who gathered in Tiananmen Square in 1989 to protest against the Chinese government and to call for democratic reforms. (Xu did not attend the demonstration due to a recent heart attack.).

Xu continued to appeal for human rights, and has written several letters calling for democracy, civil rights, and protection of dissidents. These letters resulted in several periods of house arrest.






                                                      He Weifang 贺卫方

He Weifang 贺卫方 is a Chinese law professor affiliated with Peking University (PKU). Before being given tenure at PKU in 1992, he was the editor at Comparative Law 比较法研究 and Peking University Law Journal 中外法学, both published by the university. Aside from his academic life, He is also a popular essayist and social commentator.

He Weifang made his first mark in the judicial reform scene with an article published in Southern Weekly in 1998. In the article, ‘Decommissioned Servicemen Find Their Way to Court’ 复转军人进法院, he criticized the practice of the state assigning demobilized army officers with no legal training to work as judges at courts. The article, which likens the practice to deploying untrained soldiers to perform surgery, drew strong criticism from PLA publications. The resulting political pressure was so intense that Southern Weekly was forced to issue an apology. However, He’s view was subsequently vindicated when the government released a policy denying ex-officers the privileges he had criticised and stipulated that those of them who wished to pursue careers in the judicial system undertake the national law exam.

He Weifang is a consistent and bold advocate for democracy. He was a signatory of Charter 08, a manifesto drafted by Liu Xiaobo 刘晓波 and initially signed by over 350 Chinese intellectuals and human rights activists. During the heyday of Bo Xilai (for more details, see The China Story Yearbook 2012), He Weifang published an open letter criticizing the Chongqing Model.

He’s hopes for China’s future were best expressed at what was later dubbed the ‘New Xishan Meeting‘ 新西山会议, a closed-door meeting attended by some of the country’s most distinguished intellectuals. At the meeting, He Weifang expressed a belief that China should follow the model of Taiwan, that the Chinese Communist Party should split into different alliances or factions according to their various political inclinations and that Party control over the military should be terminated. He’s speech, which was supposed to be off record, was later leaked and provoked the ire of the ‘leftists’. They denounced the lawyer as ‘One of China’s Ten Biggest Traitors’ as well as being a trojan Party member whose clandestine mission was to sabotage the organisation.


The Activists