D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

Sun Family

The couplet for the surname Sun is,

願乘風破萬里浪,---Yuan4 cheng2 feng po4 wan4 li3 lang4,
甘面壁讀十年書.---Gan mian4 bi4 du2 shi2 nian2 shu.

Daring to ride the wind and brave the waves for ten thousand miles,
I endure to lock myself up and study for ten years.

(By Sun Wen 孫文 the Founder of the Republic of China).

http://www.asiawind.com/bb/viewtopic.php?f=25&t=4218



                       Non nobis solum nati summus





                         
                                      
                                                                                                 



This list of hundreds of family surnames was compiled during the Sung Dynasty.  It records family names during the Zhou Dynasty.  The first name is that of the Emperor Zhou.  The second name is that of the Prime Minister whose surname was Chen.  The third name is that of Sun which was the largest family.  Today, Sun is the twelfth largest family.




                         




  • Sun Tsu (544 – 496 BC) – a militarist in the Spring and Autumn Period, the author of The Art of War
  • Sun Yang (Bole) – a horse physiognomer of the Spring and Autumn Period.
  • Sun Bin (a.k.a. Sun Pin) birth and death date are uncertain (c. 380 - 316 BC) – a militarist in the Warring States Period and descendant of Sun Tzu.
  • Sun Cheng (died 132)
  • Sun Jing (孫敬) – 2nd-century native of Hsin-tu in Chihli, who was such an ardent student that at night he always tied his hair to a beam overhead, to prevent himself from dozing over his books. He also habitually bolted the door of his study to keep out intruders.
  • Sun Jian (155–191), Military General and Warlord in the Late Han Dynasty
  • Sun Ce (175–200),Eldest Son of Sun Jian Warlord in the Late Han Dynasty
  • Sun Quan (182–252),Second Son of Sun Jian Founding Emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Sun Liang (243–260), Second Emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Sun Xiu (235–264), Third Emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Sun Hao (242–284), Fourth and Last Emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Lady Sun Sun Jian Daughter Third Wife of Liu Bei
  • Sun Jing Brother of Sun Jian general in the Late Han Dynasty
  • Sun Yu
  • Sun Fu
  • Sun Ben, General and Nephew under Sun Jian
  • Sun Yi, Third Son of Sun Jian
  • Sun Kuang, Fourth Son of Sun Jian
  • Sun Lang, legitimate son of Sun Jian
  • Sun Deng, Sun Quan Eldest Son
  • Sun He, Sun Quan Third Son and Father of Sun Hao
  • Sunj Qian, Official of Warlord Liu Bei in the late Han Dynasty.
  • Sun Kang (孫康; 4th century) – A native of Luoyang, who in his youth was so poor that he could not afford a lamp to read by. He therefore studied in winter by light reflected from the snow, and ultimately rose to be a Censor.
  • Sun Sheng (4th century) – a Chinese historian.
  • Sun Tzu (a.k.a. Sunzi; fl. 4th century) mathematician famous for the Chinese remainder theorem.
  • Sun Chuo (320–377) – a poet of the six Dynasties poetry tradition.
  • Sun En (died 402) – leader of a rebellion against the Jin dynasty .
  • Sun Simiao (581–682)- a traditional Chinese medicine physician of the Sui and Tang dynasties.
  • Sun Yuanheng (died 696)
  • Sun Shi (962–1033) – a native of Po-p'ing in Shandong, who graduated as jinshi after nine attempts and entered the public service, rising to high office under the Emperor Cheu Tseung. In 1008 there was a pretended revelation from God in the form of a letter, which the Emperor and his Court regarded with profound awe. But Sun Shi said, "I have heard that God does not speak; how then should He write a letter?"
  • Sun Ch'ang-ju – a scholar of the Song dynasty, noted for his vast collection of books, which earned for him the sobriquet of Library Sun. In 1015 he was made Magistrate of Hsun-chou in Kuangsi, and subsequently rose to an important office in the household of the Heir Apparent
  • Sun Fang (12th century) – An Imperial physician, who called himself the Hermit of the Four Stops. He explained this to mean that when he had taken his fill of plain food, he stopped; when he had put on enough plain clothes to keep himself warm, he stopped; when he had realised a fair proportion of his wishes, he stopped; and that after growing old, free from covetousness or envy, he would also be prepared to stop.
  • Sun Qifeng (1583–1675) – a Confucian scholar.
  • Sun Chuangting (1593–1643) – a Chinese Field Marshal.
  • Sun Sike (died 1700) – a Chinese Bannerman, noted for his successes against the Oelots, against the Shensi rebels in 1675–79, and against Galdan.  He rose to be a general, and was ennobled as Baron.
  • Sun Yu (1990-1990) - Film director and idealistic poet. Directed controversial film called The Life of Wu Xun 武訓傳.  Translated the poems of Li Bai
  • Sun Dawu (1954 - ) He designed China's first Family Business Constitution.  This peasant farmer advanced social entrepreurship through Confucianism and ancestor reverence.  The implications of his arrest on property rights affected the design of Chinese constitutional law.  The develpment of Dawu village acts as a model for the realistic application of Confucian ethics.  He is a government appointed protector of Fu Shan where Huangdi united the tribes around 3000 B.C.E


Government and Military

  • Sun Kaihua (died 1893) – a Chinese general in the Battle of
  • Sun Jiagan (1683–1753) – a Qing Dynasty Chinese official.
  • Sun Shivi (1720–1796) – a Chinese Viceroy.
  • Sun Zhizu – a native of Hangzhou, who graduated as in 1766, and served as a Censor. Author of a work on the discrepancies in the various editions of the famous work by Xiao Tong; and also of a hostile criticism of the Kong
  • Sun Xingyan (1752–1818) – A native of Jiangsu. From 1795 to 1811 he served with distinction in Shantung, where his honesty was often distasteful to his superiors. He published editions of several Classics and topographies he wrote many classical and antiquarian works; and he discovered the graves of  Min Sun, Tantai Mieming and Zeng Dian, three of the disciples of Confucius.
  • Sun Yutin (1752–1834) – a Chinese Governor.
  • Sun Jiagu – a Qing Dynasty envoy.
  • Sun Yat-sen or Sun Wen 孫文 (1866–1925) – remains unique among 20th-century Chinese leaders for having a high reputation in both mainland China and in Taiwan. He is seen as the father of the Republic of China.

  • Sun Chuangfang (1885-1935) a Zhili clique warlord.
  • Sun Li-jen (1900–1990) – a general of the Republic of China who fought in the Second Sino Japanese War. World War II and the Chinese Civil War.

                                            

 
              

                                    Sun Tze

One of the five temples at Sun Temple Park is dedicated to Sun Tze.  The Art of War is required reading at any military college.  The author has seen original texts written on bamboo which had been preserved in water.

 

The reader may be surprised to learn that the first factor to be taken into account in the deliberation of war is The Moral Law.  Basically, the people and ruler must be in total harmony with each other.  In this circumstance the people will follow their leader with complete confidence.

 

While Confucius said that he himself was unversed in military matters; nevertheless, he exercised both civic and military duties.  He successfully designed strategies to defeat the armies of Lai and Pi.  It was a statement of fact when he said that “If I fight, I conquer.”  Today, one might consider using Sun Tze’s tactics as a means to further Confucian ends.

 

                                  
                   

                               
Sun Quan

The Sanguo Zhi records that Sun Quan's father Sun Jian was a descendant of Sun Tzu, the great military strategist of the Warring States period.  In early 207, his forces finally won complete victory over Huang Zu, a military leader under Liu Biao, who dominated the Middle Yangtze.  Allied with the refugee warlord Liu Bei and employing the combined strategies of Zhuge Liang, Zhou Yu, Huang Gai and Pang Tong, they decisively defeated Cao Cao at the Battle of Red Cliffs.

Because of his skill in gathering important, honourable men to his cause, Sun Quan was able to delegate authority to capable figures. This primary strength served him well in gaining the support of the common people and surrounding himself with capable generals.

Sun Quan died in 252 at the age of 71. He enjoyed the longest reign among all the founders of the Three Kingdoms. He was succeeded as Emperor of Wu by his son Sun Liang.

Wikipedia




                                              
                         
 
                                              Sun Bin                              

Sun Bin was an outstanding military strategist during the Warring States period.  He was said to be the descendant of Sun Tse.  

A well-known idiom associated with Sun was called “General Tian Ji’s horse-racing strategy whereby an army’s weakest element is sacrificed in order to eventually gain the maximum effect”.

Sun Bin defeated his arch rival General Pang and his forces when they laid siege to the Zhao and Han states through the respective strategies of “Besiege Wei to rescue Zhao” and “Reducing Stoves”.

The simultaneous discovery of bamboo strips in the same tomb dated between 140 – 110 B.C. in Linyi, Shandong of Sun Tzu’ s The Art of War and Sun Bin’s The Art of Warfare also known as Military Matters showed that both Suns were historic figures writing on military strategies.









                                       


Sun Simiao 孙思邈 was an outstanding practitioner of herbal medicine during the Tang Dynasty.  He completed two 30-volume works. TheQianjin Yaofang recorded 4500 herbal remedies as well as a treatise on medical practice.  It was reported that Dr. Luo Xiwen 罗希文 (who is China’s foremost translator of Traditional Chinese Medicine classics) has died in the process of translating this magnum opus. The supplementary work called Qianjin Yifang collected folk remedies, provided medicinal materials and presented 2000 formulae. 

Dr. Sun (Father of Medicine) declined at least three court positions offered by several emperors. Instead, he preferred to treat the rural population where he treated patients equally through Taoist principles. He also blended Confucian and Buddhist principles into his philosophy. 

Dr. Sun also wrote an entire work on Taoist alchemical prescriptions intended to promote longevity.  Sun lived to the age of 101. His most important alchemical contribution was the Taiqing Danjing Yaojue.  He is said to have subdued the tiger and cured the dragon. 

Sun Simiao introduced medical ethics to the profession. In the Qianjin Yaofang he argued that “human life is of paramount importance” 1.  In the Beijii Qianjin Yaofang he advocated the importance of prevention of disease and restraint in one’s behavior. 

1.  Ethics in Modern Practice of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)

by Subhuti Dharmananda Ph.D

itmonline.org/articles/ethics/ethics.htm





                               
               

                                   Sun Yat-sen

Sun Yat-sen (Sun Wen) remains unique among 20th-century Chinese leaders for having a high reputation both in mainland China and in Taiwan. He is seen as the Father of the Republic of China.  

The aspects of Sun's political ideal has been most influential. This ideal is expressed as The Three Principles: nationalism, democracy and the people's livelihood.  This focuses on the idea that a country would only be successful if it was run by the people and for the people." 

Sun played an instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty during the years leading up to the Double Ten Revolution.  He was appointed to serve as Provisional President of the Republic of China, when it was founded in 1912. He later co-founded the Kuomintang (KMT) -- serving as its first leader.  Sun was a uniting figure in post imperial China and remains unique among 20th-century Chinese politicians for being widely revered amongst the people from both sides of the Taiwan Strait.

Wikipedia

His three visits to Canada occurred in 1897, 1910, and 1911. The first visit was limited to Victoria and Vancouver, where most Canadian Chinese then lived. The latter two visits included eastern Canada as well. By the time of the third visit, early 1911, political excitement was high among Vancouver's Chinese.  He lectured daily in Sing Kew Chinese Theatre.  Support and attendance were claimed to have been unprecedented.  In October, the Chinese Revolution succeeded. The Qing Dynasty was overturned and a republic was established in its place.

www.generasian.ca



                                   Lily Sui-fong Sun  孫穗芳 


                          


"To mark this year's 100th anniversary of the Xinhai Revolution, 76-year-old Lily Sun has been working to preserve her grandfather's legacy.  The most influential aspect of this legacy is Sun's political ideal of The Three Principles: nationalism, democracy and the people's livelihood. This focused on the idea that a country would only be successful if it was run by the people and for the people." 

New Tang Dynasty Television,  October 4, 2011




                                


                                                       Sun Dawu


In 2004 Sun Dawu investigated various management systems for his business. These included joint-share, senior joint-share and family joint-share systems. However, he foresaw conflicts between individual interests and responsibilities.  As a result, he devised the first Family Business Constitution in China which separated the rights of ownership, decision-making and operations.

Sun drew upon many outside sources in order to devise a sustainable development of the family business. He was inspired by lessons to be learned from The Incident at Xuanwu Gate in the early years of the Tang Dynasty.  He also looked at the Central Government System of Three Councils and Six Boards in the Sui Dynasty. His research included both the Constitutional Monarchy in the U.K and the Separation of Powers in the US.

As a result, Sun Dawu designed a Family Business Constitution.  This was intended to create a stable system in which "the three powers could co-exist while checking and balancing each other at the same time" according to Professor Yuping Du.  The Constitution is the bedrock of the system.

D. Carlton Rossi




 

Langwuzhuang and Dawu Villages

The village of Langwuzhuang began 600 years ago in the countryside.  At the beginning of the 20th century it had 1200 residents.  It is probable that each one owned several mu of farmland.  The village sprawls over quite a large area.

Sun Dawu’s family was born there on the east side which was bounded by a river. The west side, too, was bounded by a river; although both have since dried up.  His mother and father worked the fields.  Later, his brother opened a prosperous store in the village.

Sun Dawu was able to lease the only available land which was west of the village. His brother helped him with some start-up costs.   The business prospered so much so that his two brothers joined him there in 1995.  His mother and father were the last to leave the village due to their farming ties, but they were persuaded by their sons to join them there.  

The village of Dawu began thirty years ago.  The thirtieth anniversary of the Dawu Group was celebrated on October 10th.  By 2014, its inhabitants numbered about 3000.  Its total area though appears smaller than Langwuzhuang.

Dawu Group is expanding in all directions.  However, the primary direction of expansion seems to be toward Langwuzhuang. If everything else is equal then Sun Dawu has estimated that in another twenty years the village of Dawu will meet the village of Langwuzhuang. In fact, the walk between the two villages is becoming shorter and shorter with the construction of each new set of apartment buildings. 

However, there is another factor that also must be considered.  The new highway called G106 which was constructed by the Dawu Group begins/ends at Langwuzhuang. It is inevitable that greater road access will also contribute to the growth of both Dawu and Langwuzhuang. The end result will be the amalgamation of two villages with close historical and cultural ties.  








                                      


                                                        孙瑜  (Sun Yu) 


孙瑜   (Sun Yu) was born on the 21st of March 1900 in Chongqing, Sichuan Province.  He often accompanied his father--who was a scholar at the provincial level-- around China.  Sun Yu, too, pursued scholarly study at The New York Institute of Photography as well as Qinghua, Columbia and Wisconsin Universities.  It was at the University of Wisconsin where he completed his thesis “On English Translations of the Poetry of Li Bai." [Li Po].  He was highly influenced by this Taoist poet who was born in Jiangyou, Sichuan, but wandered seemingly idly or ideally about China most of his life.

The first film which he directed was called Yu Cha Guai Xia  渔叉怪侠  ("Strange Hero").  It was a martial arts film. During scenes he may have thought of the poet Li Bai who was a martial arts expert.  It was said by the Tang poet that "When I was fifteen, I was fond of sword play, and with that art I challenged quite a few great men.” During breaks Sun would recite the poetry of Li Bai.

His films are steeped in traditional Chinese culture. They blended the romantic and realistic to search for the idealistic.  In the 1932 film called the Blood of Love Under the Volcano, which employs Taoist imagery, the hero lives a paradisical life with his family in a Chinese village. It is interrupted though by a rapacious landlord who destroys his family. The hero flees to an island where he falls in love with a woman. The landlord seems to follow the hero who dramatically throws him into the volcano. 



                            

  

Sun’s creative career came to an end with the release of The Life of Wu Xun 武訓傳 in 1951. The film was about an historical figure who had no chance for an education as a child but who saved funds throughout his life to provide a free education for peasant children.  It was screened before government and political officials who included both Premier Zhou Enlai and Commander-in-Chief Zhu De.  However, the film was criticized shortly thereafter at the highest level through The People’s Daily. The director and idealistic poet never recovered from the persecution he suffered through cult cadres during The Cultural Revolution. After sixty years one can now view the film for “research purposes only” in the context of dialectical materialism.

李白詩新譯 / Li Po : a new translation / translated by Sun Yu. Li Bai shi xin yi / Li Po : A new translation / translated by Sun Yu.

Hong Kong : Commercial Press, 1982.

description

ISBN 9620710258, 9789620710254

PL2671 .A275 1982

Available in the East Asian section of the Robart’s Library at the University of Toronto