D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

Nested Forms

The Nested Rectangles and Triangles of the NCP

While the rectangle is not a natural shape on the earth nevertheless it is perceived to be found in the heavens.  For example, it is found as the North Circumpolar Rectangle (NCP). On one end it is composed of the stars Alcor-Mizar and Alioth of Ursae Majoris (Big Dipper) and on the other end Pherkad and Kocab of Ursae Minoris (Little Dipper). The dipper asterisms revolved once a year about the polestars 11 Draconis and 10 Draconis—its binary companion.  In the early Egyptian lunar calendar this revolution took 360 days.  The author contends that in the same way it may have been seen that 10 Draconis orbited seven times in 359.8 days around 11 Draconis. To be more specific, they orbited each other in a gravitational embrace. 

Both polestars were visible to the naked eye. It was reported that in the past 11 Draconis (the Alpha star of the constellation of Draco) was actually brighter than it is today. Currently, its apparent magnitude is 3.65 while the magnitude of 10 Draconis is 4.62.  The polestar today is called Polaris which is brighter than both although it will never be as close to the northern pole. 


Mirovlav Verner who was author of The Pyramids used a simulated reconstruction of the sky over Giza in 2,500 BCE. He shows that the north shaft in the King's Chamber was aimed at Alpha Draconis (Thuban) ... while in the Queen's Chamber the north shaft was aimed at Beta Ursae Minoris (Kochab). It is conceivable that these shafts directed the souls of the pharaoh and his queen on their solar boats to the afterlife.

An Overview of the History of Ideas on the Shafts in Khufu's Pyramids


The Nile Decoded:  Revealing the Secret of the World's Longest River, Goro Adachi, 2003

In 2787 BCE, 11 Draconis (Thuban) lay just 1/180 of the width of the full moon from the northern pole.  Both 11 and 10 Draconis remained pole stars from around 4000 to 1900 BCE. These pole stars were also known respectively by the Chinese as Taiyi and Tianyi which according to Didier "are none other than those that sat at the pole during the 3rd millennium B.C." (Didier, "In and Outside the Square", p.82.  Taiyi was called Taiyi (太一) or the Great One and Tianyi (天一) or The Heavenly One. It is likely that Tianyi was another name for Taiyi when the god toured.

It is conjectured by the author that the perceived distance between 11 Draconis and 10 Draconis at its furthest point within the North Circumpolar Rectangle at the tail of Draco served as approximate measurements for the original heights of The Great Pyramid (Khufu) or 481.4 feet and Khafre or 471 feet. It is further hypothesized by D. Carlton Rossi that there is a smaller nested rectangle within the NCP marked on one side by Draconis 11 and on the other side by Draconis 10 that may also have been appreciated by the ancients.  He terms this the Binary Star Nested Rectangle of the NCP. (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014)

The three sides of the The Great Pyrmid are as follows: 1) Pherkad to 11 Draconis to Alcor -Mizar  2) Alcor-Mizar to  Merak  3)  Merak to Pherkad. The three sides of the Khafre pyramid are as follows: 1) the 10 Draconis line   2) down to Merak  3) towards the baseline of the nested rectangle of the NCP and pointing to Pherkad.

This means that the Khufu pyramid (triangle) is the largest of the nested triangles. The royal falcon which represents the pharaoh is a nesting bird. From the 
Sacred Celestial Falcons (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014) one can see a falcon on the left which might be superimposed upon the nested triangles. The feature of nesting indicates close family ties between father,son and grandson.

 Himmelsk nestede pyramidene  (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014)
 The Nested Celestial Pyramids

The pyramid of Menkaure (grandson)is a nested pyramid (triangle) of both Khafre and Khufu.  It runs as follows:  1) one side from Megrez to the base of Khafre and Khufu  2) the other side from Megrez to Merak while the base runs toward Pherkad. It means effectively that one side of Khufu and Khafre are pointing toward the cup of the Little Dipper while another side of Khufu, Khafre and Menkaura are pointing to the cup of the Big Dipper.  All three bases of the pyramids (triangles) link the cups of the Big and Little Dippers. All three pyramids (triangles) sit on top of the solar boat of Ra.

The terms triangles and pyramids have been used interchangeably; however, while they may be similar they are not the same. Therefore, another I'mage (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014) is introduced for clarification. It is from the pyramid series and called  Die Himmilishcen Fundamente der Pyramiden  (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014).  It shows what might be called an aerial or celestial view of the pyramids with the solar boat on its side.  The three pyramids have four sides and square bases. Also, they are notable in that there is an equalization of their size which might indicate pyramids and pharaohs of equal importance in contrast to the nested version.

This equalization is also reflected in the interlocking triangular version called El Enclavamiento Pirámides Celestes (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014). Equalization promotes harmonization while differentiation supports stratification. It is apparent that both equalization and stratification exist simultaneously in an ideal reality. Its purpose might be to achieve a cosmic balance. 

Die Himmilishen Fundamente der Pyramiden

German  (D. Carlton Rossi  copyright 2014)

The Celestial Foundations of the Pyramids  (English)

In geometric terms one can see how the large triangle associated with Ra or the sun god may be reflected in the triangle belonging to Hathor or the moon goddess which is opposite to it.  (see Le Bateau Lunaire d’Het Hert (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014) of the pyramid series). Together, the two triangles can be viewed as a square.


                      I'mage of the Ages (D. Carlton Rossi  copyright  2014)

I'mage of the Ages (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014) is a detailed mandala which in part represents the attempt to square the circle. As you can see though it can provide a basic template for the two asterisms.
 This poem also illustrates how the NCP Rectangle is located at the top of the second square from the centre. It should be noted that The Elegant Celestial Giza series is black on white (with the exception of the vulture) whereas the Banpo series is white on black.


                                    Poem 29  

The triangle and square patterns are not exclusive to The Elegant Celestial Giza series (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014). They are also prevalent in the Banpo Poetry series (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014) as mandalas and other poems. This particular pattern combines the frog-fish images. In the celestial versions of both series the frog and fish are sacred animals. 


大尊 天空的 狮头人像   (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014)   Chinese
Extremely Honourable Celestial Sphinx   (D. Carlton Rossi copyright 2014)  

Ta4 Tsun1 (Wade-Giles) Tian1 Kong1 de Shi1 Tou2 Ren2 Xiang4

Starry Eyed