D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

Meng Hongwei


           The Rise and Fall of MENG Hongwei (孟宏伟 )

Today's news is changing minute by minute. It is hard for one to keep up with the pace. However, it is worthwhile sometimes to step back and just ask oneself how did we get where we are. Our search engines don't make it easy because their algorithms are keyed to the present. For example, if you were to search for the Chinese name "Meng" you would get thousands of hits for "MENG Wanzhou" who is the CFO of Huawei. She and Huawei are in the news and are trending. What about the other "Meng" though whose given name is Hongwei?

Now the company name "Huawei" and the given name "Hongwei" may look similar to a typical Canadian, but they are quite distinct to any Chinese. "MENG Hongwei" whose surname is MENG and therefore capitalized here for easy recognition is not "MENG Wanzhou of Huawei". It's rather amazing, too, how JT of PMO still mispronounces this surname and can't distinguish English "MENG" from Chinese "MENG" in speech. Maybe he thinks the ENG represents English.

Justin Trudeau was a teacher. If it is recalled correctly he taught French and Mathematics and maybe Drama. He acts like a teacher at his town hall meetings where his prime delivery is in the form of monologue. Finally, he says quite clearly that if he were no longer Prime Minister then he would like to be a teacher and then repeated the assertion. Could he possibly become a student for two minutes and learn how to pronounce "MENG" or for that matter "Huawei"? It is a matter of national importance.


                          MENG Hongwei

This report describes "MENG Hongwei" who was the President of INTERPOL. Actually, it wasn't that long ago. He ceased to be President on October 7, 2018 when Chinese authorities announced he was in custody for taking bribes and political disloyalty. It appears its all about political disloyalty which is the more serious charge. This means disloyalty to the President (of the People's Republic of China).

As Chinese Vice Security Minister since 2004, Meng (Mèng Hóngwěi) was elected as President of INTERPOL at the 85th General Assemby in November 2016. This meant that he had two allegiances. One was to the Party and the other was to the international police organization. Obviously, this is a conflict of interest because his main allegiance was to the Party; although, he appears to have been associated with the Jiang faction which was "in the outs". However, Article 3 of the INTERPOL constitution prohibits it from becoming involved in matters which are of a predominantly political nature.

In the role of Vice Security Minister, he had previously been in charge of troubled areas like Xinjiang where over a million Uyghurs are held in detention camps. It is probably no coincidence that the Party likes to use a 1,000,000 figure to show how many Party members have been disciplined since 2014 for both petty and serious crimes. It wants to appear unbiased and unprejudiced, but there is no equivalence between detention of non-Han ethnic Uyghur who are Muslim (and perhaps separatists) with disciplinary measures undertaken against Party disciples who are predominantly Han and are officially Atheists.

Why did Meng Hongwei want to be President of INTERPOL in the fall of 2016; after all, it is basically a ceremonial position? Of course, it was to promote China's role in law and order as an international "police keeper" rather than "peace keeper". More specifically though it was to be able to track down political dissidents and alleged fugitives who have fled abroad. As Vice-Security Minister he had drawn up a "red-list" of the usual suspects under operation Sky Net. To some degree this red-list would correspond to the red-list of INTERPOL which he intended to modify and act on. Second, as head of the executive committee he would help set the agenda for new initiatives as well as oversee the work of the Secretary General who was the day-to-day chief. Finally, according the analyst Ander Corr, "At the same 2016 General Assembly where Mr. Meng was elected president, Interpol voted to call for “systematic collection and recording of biometric information as part of terrorist profiles.” This is a measure that makes human rights and civil liberties activists particularly nervous. In Xinjiang and abroad, China uses this technology and the excuse of terrorism, to repress its own Muslim minorities and extend its growing influence globally."

A slight digression is needed to show how Canada may have contributed at least indirectly to his election in the General Assembly and how Meng Hongwei relates to Huawei Technologies. By the way, the term General Assembly reminds one of the General Assembly of the UN which defends rule of law, but the appointment of a Chinese Vice-Security Minister to the position of President of INTERPOL signals that the organization was veering away from rule of law toward rule by law. Canada's possible support of Meng Hongwei may have begun when Canada announced at the beginning of August 2016 that it would enter into Free-Trade and extradition talks with China. Basically, though, Canada was talking Free-Trade and listening to Extradition.

With respect to extradition, China wanted to be able to extradite from Canada red-list individuals. This definitely concerned Meng Hongwei who had earlier helped to compile the Chinese red-list. There may have been 26 individuals on China's red-list who sought refuge, so to speak, in Canada. Whether or not these individuals were sought for fraud or were political dissidents was somewhat irrevelant to Canada since it was concerned that any individuals returned to China might be tortured or executed.


                          The Garratt Family

While the Canadian government never honestly admitted that there was a link between the new Canada-China agenda and the Garratt case it was obvious to a blind and deaf person. The Garratts had been arrested two years earlier to exert pressure on the Canadian government to release Su Bin who would be extradited to the US on espionage charges. Su Bin was extradited. However, the Garratts were arrested on espionage charges in retaliation. They were released by the Chinese not because Canada was following rule of law, but because of a trade-off.

At any rate, it seemed that "normal" relations had resumed in the fall of 2016. By normal it is meant that the Canadian government would concentrate on trade for the benefit of Canadian economic elites such as the Canada-China Business Council which wanted to exclusively deal with Chinese SOE's and so-called "private" companies like Huawei while the government served its own political self-interest. In other words, it is an unholy alliance between politics and commerce.


                           Stephane Dion

What was a bit abnormal was when Trudeau stood next to the Chinese Premier to announce that both countries were negotiating an extradition treaty; yet, a day later Stephan Dion seemed left out of the loop. In a telephone interview he denied that there were negotiations planned which would see Canada return Chinese fugitives for economic crimes. "Your paper [The Globe and Mail] should check the facts. There is no negotiation. To write like pretending it is, it is wrong. Stop that please." In a similar way he denied that Canada would ever make concessions to China in order to secure the release of Garratt.

Despite these misstatements, Foreign Minister Dion had a clear understanding of the dangers that Canada faced if it entered into extradition talks with China. He may also have been bothered by the arrest of Garratt in retaliation for the extradition of Su Bin to the US. The trade-offs that must have been made by Trudeau at this time may have encouraged the Chinese to use the same tactic with the arrest of Meng Wanzhou by arresting Canadian hostages; so, in a way, Trudeau is reaping what he has sowed.

A few months later Meng Hongwei was elected as President of INTERPOL at the 85th Congress of the General Assembly in Bali while Alexander Prokopchuk was elected Vice-President. Both individuals could use their position to target critics of their respective governments. It is not known how Canadian police delegates (some of whom may have been RCMP) voted through secret ballot, but if they took their cue from Trudeau's "tip toe through the tulips" approach then they were not concerned about comrade Meng or Prokopchuk.


                                Scott Bradley

One must digress for a few minutes to show the development of the Canadian involvement with Huawei Technologies because it relates to Meng Hongwei. Scott Bradley had been an executive with BCE about a decade ago. Without going into details he had left rather quickly. He tried to make a political career by running for the Liberals in Ottawa-Center. He was unsuccessful and ironically blamed the call centres of competitors for his failure. However, he managed to secure a position with Huawei where he was soon tested. The year was 2012. At that time, the US House of Representatives intelligence committee made allegations that if Huawei equipment were used in core networks then it would threaten national security. Over the years, BCE invested heavily in Huawei equipment. With the arrest of Meng Wanzhou, Huawei's plan to develop a 5G network in Canada was coming apart. Scott Bradley resigned from his position as Vice-President of Corporate Affairs for Huawei Technologies, but continues to act as an advisor. 1月11日,华为一高管在波兰被捕,同日,华为加拿大公司高级副总裁布拉德利(Scott Bradley)在社交媒体宣布辞职。

During his time as spokesman, it was Bradley who tried to assuage fears felt by Canadians when Pierre Perron was hired by Huawei Technologies. Perron had been the Chief Information Officer of the RCMP. He had had an exemplary 35 year career with the force before he retired. Bradley said that "Mr. Perron will not be lobbying the Canadian government on behalf of Huawei or Huawei Canada". In fact, it was Bradley who was lobbying the Canadian government.

One can imagine that the Quayside project envisioned by Google Sidewalk Labs for the Toronto Harbourfront is similar in nature to Huawei Technologies "Safe City", but on a much smaller scale. It proposes to design, test and build infrastructure from the bottom up for maximum efficiency. It is basically a controlled environment. To do this though the city has to implement a mammoth flood protection project in light of seemingly uncontrollable global warming. Critics though such as Bianca Wylie regard the main problem beyond privacy concerns to be "the risks of governments ceding power to private companies". For larger projects one wonders how "private" is Huawei Technologies. According to Eric Schmidt who was Executive Chairman of Alphabet, it was Justin Trudeau who introduced the idea of the innovative concept to him in 2015.


                         Pierre Perron  RCMP

It is not surprising that Pierre Perron would join Huawei's "Safe City" initiative. Safe City is the dream of a planned city in a planned economy similar to Xi Jinping's legacy project in Xiong which happens to begin with the Chinese character "Xi". It would be refreshing for him to build up from the ground floor as opposed to trying to rationalize existing systems and databases through a particular software program. To put it into the Chinese context of standardization--one size fits all. The author has briefly encountered Mr. Perron in a rather unique and unforgettable way.


                 Pierre Perron  (Global Public Safety Expert)

The showcase of the Safe City was held in conjunction with the INTERPOL assembly which was held in Singapore from July 4-7, 2017. Perron gave a speech on the Crisis and Disaster Management Solution. In general, Huawei Technologies shared their "one-stop C-C4ISR collaborative Public Safety Solution which was jointly developed with partners to help the digital transformation of cities and public safety".  The reader will notice that "Security" is always soft-pedaled as "Safety" or "Safe" .


             Meng Hongwei at Singapore Conference

At the INTERPOL Assembly, Meng Hongwei delivered a key-note speech to delegates which included RCMP Commissioner Brenda Lucki who was defending Canada's interests in INTERPOL. Meng Hongwei who was the President of INTERPOL cited "the recent outbreak of ransomware WannaCry, which has scrambled data at hospitals, factories, banks, government agencies and other businesses in Asia and beyond." The author though believes that virus originated in China; so, it is ironical that he is proposing world-wide solutions to a problem created in China when he was concurrently Vice Minister of Security. The logo of Huawei is displayed in the background of his picture. One might say that Hongwei and Huawei were sympatico.

The Singpore conference of INTERPOL and Huawei 2017 was a prelude or dry-run to the 87th General Assembly of INTERPOL in Beijing from September 26-29, 2017. Beijing was mentioned in a Brookings Institution report on Safe City Innovation. It revealed there were 470,000 CCTV cameras installed in addition to numerous others in hotels, schools and private homes. The report also discussed the two model "safe cities" of Lijiang, Yunnan Province and Nairobi, Kenya which were equipped with Huawei systems.


                       Meng Hongwei and Xi Jinping

At the General Assembly, the President of INTERPOL was eclipsed by the President of China--Xi Jinping. Of course, President Xi delivered the opening remarks. He underscored the need for cooperation. President Meng stressed that INTERPOL should face the future. His future though as Deputy Head of the Ministry of Public Security was somewhat foreshadowed in the ceremonies which alarmed the western audience.


Jack booted policemen in Gestapo looking outfits held flags in front of them as if they were giving "Seig Heil" salutes. It wouldn't be the first time that INTERPOL had a president from a fascist state. The first president was Otto Steinhausl who was a SS Oberfuhrer and Polizeprasident of Vienna in 1938. The second was Reinhard Heydrich who was the main architect of the Holocaust. He was also General der Polizei as well as chief of the Reich Main Security Office. He was followed by Arthur Nebe who was involved in the security and police apparatus. Then came Ernest Kaltenbrunner who was Obergruppenfuhrer in the Schultzstaffel (SS) and later Chief of the Reich Main Security Office. All of them must have been looking over their shoulders though for what they did to others could be done to them by the Fuhrer.


           Grace Meng assumes her husband's surname
                            in solidarity with him

On September 26th, 2018 (Beijing time) Grace Meng who is the wife of Meng Hongwei received a kitchen knife emoji from her husband in China. This was a signal of danger. Meng's arrest was on the first anniversary of the General Assembly of INTERPOL in Beijing. This may not have been a coincidence if suspicions of Meng had been aroused at that time. Apparently, Meng was thrown in a black jail in the outskirts of Beijing. The Public Security Minister (whose name is Zhao Kezhi) said in relation to the arrest that there was a need to "resolutely eliminate the pernicious influence of Zhou Yongkang" the former security czar. Actually, Meng's promotions had coincided with Zhou Yongkang's rise in the security apparatus. They were part of the Jiang faction that resisted the power of Xi. Therefore, the arrest of Meng may represent a purging of opposition.


                     Fang Fenghui (left) and Zhang Yang (right)

Shortly thereafter, Generals Fang Fenghui and Zhang Yang were expelled from the Party. They were accused of corruption. According to State Media, Fang had escaped prosecution a year earlier by committing suicide. He hanged himself in either a suicide or forced suicide. The prosecutors proceeded with the Fang case. SINOINSIDER believes that the two generals may have been involved in a soft coup attempt against the Xi leadership. Furthermore, they believe that the arrest of Meng may be connected to it.

It is unlikely that we will hear from Meng Hongwei again. He simply knows too much. He has served as Vice-Minister of Public Security since 2004. He was Director of the Maritime Police Bureau and the State Oceanic Administration from 2013 to 2017. He was President of INTERPOL. All of this involves a lot of influence and information for one who seems to be connected to the Jiang Zemin faction of the Party and poses a threat to China's leadership. The Party must be worried about what secrets Meng Wanzhou of Huawei might reveal if she is extradited to the US.

D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi