D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi




Crossing the river by feeling for the stones.

Deng Xiaoping



Crossing the river by blocking it with stones.

D. Carlton Rossi  (copyright 2019)

The new idiom may express today's China as its rivers are dammed and damned.

The author visited Three Gorges Dam “長江 三峽 大壩” over several years while it was under construction during the 90's. It is said by NASA scientists regarding the rotation of the earth that it increases the duration of the day by 0.06 microseconds.

Wuhan, three provinces declare red alert as flooding in China disrupts supply chains

David Stanway



Published 6 hours ago

The giant Three Gorges reservoir, which has been holding back more water to try to ease downstream flood risks, is more than 10 metres higher than its warning level, with inflows now at more than 50,000 cubic metres a second.

The Poyang lake in Jiangxi province, which is formed from the overspill of the Yangtze, is 2.5 metres higher than its warning level. It has expanded by more than 2,000 square kilometres during thus flood season, and parts of the surrounding town have been inundated.

Further east, the Tai lake near Shanghai has also declared a red alert after its water level rose to nearly a metre higher than its safe level.


Earthquakes. Three Gorges Dam sits on two major fault lines -- Jiuwanxi and Zigui-Badong. Geologists fear that rapid changes in water pressure when the reservoir levels are changed during flood season could activate already shaky ground and trigger an earthquake (a phenomenon known as reservoir-induced seismicity). In the seven months following the 2006 increase in water level, geologists recorded 822 tremors around the reservoir.


Who has faith in Science these days or is that an oxymoron for morons? The Chinese government never really was concerned about two fault zones; otherwise, why would they have built a reservoir and dam at Three Gorges? At the time, they seemed obsessed with building the biggest project. This obsession continues with the building of dams world-wide under One Belt One Road. (一带一路 ) which began in 2013 or just one year after turbines were installed at Three Gorges.

The main purpose of the dam is to produce electricity. A secondary purpose is to reduce floods downstream through a flood space reservoir. Despite the latter purpose there has been severe flooding downstream in the last two months. If the dam were to break due to a series of earthquakes then the Yangtze would flood an area affecting 400 million people who live downstream.

The author is reminded of the movie called A Bridge Too Far. It was based on comments attributed to Lieutenant General Frederick Browning who is reported to have said "I think we may be going a bridge too far". It was with respect to the intention of seizing the Arnhem bridgehead over the Rhine river in 1944. The author says "I think they may be going a dam too far at Three Gorges". Incidentally, the author saw the first construction of the dam which began in 1994 and followed its progress through another two visits.

July 17, 2020


Desert dust actually helps manage
manmade air pollution in China


David Beasly

May 11, 2017

According to a new study, dust from the Gobi Desert actually improves manmade air pollution conditions in eastern China’s cities.

The dust plays an important role in determining air temperatures and promotes winds that blow away manmade air pollution, according to the study published May 11 in the journal Nature Communications.

The “paradoxical finding” was made by a team of researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California at San Diego.

                             The Bird is the Word

For those of you who are not unbridled optimists, take comfort with two thoughts concerning empires and civilization. Empires have risen and fallen. They are rising and falling at a faster pace. It is the time for the American empire (of which Canada is part) to fall.

With respect to China one may say that its dynasties rather than empires have risen and fallen. The latest dynasty is the CPC. It rose almost 100 years ago with the fall of the Qing Dynasty. It will decline though faster than the American empire on which it has become dependent in terms of technology.

One may also say that civilization itself rises and falls. To believe that it is marked by constant progress is an illusion. Civilization began with the emergence of written language which recorded history and progress. On the vast scale of things it wasn't that long ago. Written language could be shared and held in common by people. Later, the Chinese advanced the progress of civilization with the invention of paper. The dissemination of the written word was improved upon in the West with the invention of the printing press.

However, we have reached a point in civilization where the meaning of the written and spoken word is lost. For example, in China, only the words of One Thought are allowed. Divergence of thought is deviance. This phenomenon is a revival of Maoism during the time of the Cultural Revolution. In America, any opposition to Trump's tweets are labelled fake news or considered heretical. Its precedence was the era of McCarthy which was a reflection of the Cold War with Communist Russia and the proxy war with Communist China in Korea and later in Vietnam.

The idea behind deliberate distortion of language is to undermine peoples' beliefs to the point where they are more easily manipulated by an authoritarian regime. One can easily see how the meaning of "cause and effect" have been distorted. With respect to climate it has been the case in America for the government to deny for nearly four decades that man-made activity could cause global warming.

The Chinese government has not taken that approach with its people with regard to global warming. Instead, they have fostered the belief for the last four decades that they are entitled to destroy the environment as the Americans did. Both governments are distorting the meaning of "cause and effect". The Americans deny the cause which the Chinese accept while the Chinese deny the effect which the Americans accept. However, nature cannot be controlled or tamed as easily as the attempt to modify human nature by distortion of thoughts through the inversion and perversion of language.

The climate is obviously getting warmer at an accelerated pace with increased extremes in regard to weather. The Poles are melting which will result in a rise of sea level. Fresh water is becoming more scarce. Mass migrations of people have already begun. Whatever one writes or speaks now cannot reverse the trend in at least the next 100 years. Civilization itself is now in jeopardy as well as the human race. One has to question whether the human race is the fittest to survive if it has changed climate to the extent which brings about its own extinction.

D. Carlton Rossi
D.卡尔顿 罗西



Tensions rising as Chinese no longer willing
to hold their breath on pollution problems




MAR. 19, 2017

People here once farmed rice, peanuts and corn until, in the years before the Beijing Olympics, their fields were transformed into an industrial forest of pipes, stacks and production lines, after iron and steel companies moved away from the capital to leave behind cleaner air for the Games.

Two-hundred kilometres east of Beijing, they erected a metallic forest of emissions towers that belch exhaust and soot. During one severe episode in February, the air grew so thick that residents could no longer see across their narrow streets and workers got lost on the way home.

Air quality worsened in the area around Beijing throughout much of 2016, a trend that has continued this year. Average Beijing air quality in January was among the worst since 2009, the first full year air monitoring statistics are available. The city’s February air, on average, was 35 per cent more polluted this year than last.





                                        Smog blog

There are no sunny days and ways in China. On the shortest day of the year or December 21st more than 400 pupils sat their exams outdoors in a football field despite thick, choking smog in central China.

The 480 eighth-grade pupils from a middle school in Linzhou, Anyang, Henan province, were made to do so on Monday afternoon after the local education authorities ordered all schools to close from Monday because of severe air pollution, Dahe News reported. Air pollution measured over 400 on the particulate index.

However, smog is pervasive. It falls as black soot instead of snow over Canada. From behind the scenes, under its own hidden agenda, with a sunny way's façade, it blankets Canada in corrupted pollution.

The Long Wall

hung low some

exhausted stale air

insidiously winds round

fire breathing dragon

spews smoke forming

impenetrable Chang Cheng

Meng's tears wash

eyes sooted from

sacrificial brick pyre

D.卡尔顿 罗西




When the poet writes elsewhere of density flow and no flow zone then how can he ignore the real cut-off of flow in the Lower Yellow River which extended for significant parts of the year for over a period of twenty-two years? For example, from 1992 to 1998, average zero flow of the river was 121 days. In 1997, the river dried up for a record 226 days over a 700 kilometer length. There is no unity or harmony in this situation. 

The treatment of seawater to scour the channel was proposed in 1997 by an academician named Lin to solve the sedimentation problem. He proposes that at a proper location, downstream of Lijun, that seawater be used to scour the riverbed and to lower flood stage. He calls for an entire cut-off of flow so there is dry land to achieve best results. Furthermore, he believes that salt water mixed with turbid flow may form a “density current” to carry off sediment far off into the sea. This is an experimental proposal because nothing like it has been done before and it is not without potential negative impact. It must be said, though, in fairness, that this was nearly 20 years ago and he may no longer hold these views in light of subsequent developments.  


           The Consequences of Overfishing and Dam Construction   


Fishing Boats at Yellow River Delta

The fish spawning ground of the Yellow River Estuary affects both Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea; as well as, the biological reproduction and fishery resources of the northern China Sea. However, the system has been compromised by overfishing and dam construction. The effect of each will be briefly described.

Overfishing and more recently trawling mean that fish stocks have drastically declined since 1959. Since the 1980’s the dominant, large-size, economic fish such as the Largehead Hairtail has been replaced by short-lived, plankton eating pelagic fish such as the Scaly Hairfin Anchovy. The fish biodiversity has declined markedly. This has led to a series of cascading effects which were generally unplanned, unforeseen and undesirable. 


 Aquaculture industry along Yellow River Delta Coast

As if there were not enough environmental problems on the delta there is a new one emerging. It is subsidence caused by aquaculture. This industry pumps water from compressible sediments underground. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) has shown “that subsidence rates are as high as 250 mm/y at aquaculture facilities.” In the above picture taken in 2012, water appears dark blue which demonstrates the great number of aquaculture facilities on the delta coast. (Land subsidence at aquaculture facilities in the Yellow River delta, China)


                                           Xiaolangdi Reservoir on Yellow River
                                                  (courtesy Daily Mail, UK.)

Dam or reservoir construction has been prolific in the Yellow River Basin. Before 2007, a total of 2,752 dams or reservoirs have been built. This includes 22 mid-size and large reservoirs. Four large dams were also constructed between 1960 and 1999. The delta is subsiding because of a decline in sediment flux and runoff. This leads to coastal erosion in the basin and strong storm surges causing flooding and a series of serious cascading effects. 

It has been thought for five thousand years that the Yellow River cannot be tamed. The Yellow River has severely changed its course 26 times prior to 1946. It has flooded 1,593 times in recorded history (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_River).

 Why do some civilized Chinese of a new Motherland think they can harness on a grand scale what was known as The Ungovernable or the Mother of the Cradle of Chinese civilization known as the Huang He?


1.  Higgins, S., I. Overeem, A. Tanaka, and J. P. M. Syvitski (2013), Land subsidence at aquaculture facilities in the Yellow River delta, China, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 38983902, doi:10.1002/grl.50758.

2. Xiujuan Shan, Pengfei Sun, Xianshi Jin, Xiansen Li, and Fanquan Dai, Long-Term Changes in Fish Assemblage Structure in the Yellow River Estuary Ecosystem, China. Source: Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management and Ecosystem Science, 5(): 65-78: Published by : American Fisheries Society.


3. Wenxue LI, Kairong WANG, EVOLUTION OF THE YELLOW RIVER ESTUARY AND ITS SEDIMENTATION PROBLEMS, International Conference on Estuaries and Coasts, November 9-11, 2003, Hanzhou, China.

4. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yellow_River)


  •                    Huánghé


       There will be much time to wait

       for the return of the old Huánghé

       which flows from the Bayan Har.

        As newborn, I was buried in clay pot

        molded by umbilical of coiled cord

        and fired hot by heat of firewood.

        Let my broken bones and clay shards

        be restored by the silted waters of Hé

        to vessel from clay painted as rén miàn yú.


        Image of sun and moon reflect on pond.

        The Fèng resurrects from flames.

        The Huáng leaps in dance from water.

                             The Battles

          Bǎnquán and  Zhuōlù were won or lost.

          No one now knows where sought or fought.

          Only those dead know with certainty.   

                         To the Yán-Huáng zǐsūn   

          Fèng and huáng meet to become Fènghuáng.

          Fènghuáng leaps for joy and Dragon lifts with power.

          Vision of Yán-Huáng zǐsūn is inspirational.

                               The Estuary

            Yang stream flows above and yin below.

            The streams flow in opposite directions.

            No flow zone separates and accelerates flow.

    D.卡尔顿 罗西



    Flow, water mass changes, and hydraulics in the Bosphorus Michael C. Gregg and Emin  Özsoy

    • First published: 7 March 2002Full publication history
    • DOI: 10.1029/2000JC000485View/save citation
      • Provider: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
      • Content:text/plain; charset="UTF-8"
      • TY  - JOUR
      • AU  - Gregg, Michael C.
      • AU  - Özsoy, Emin
      • TI  - Flow, water mass changes, and hydraulics in the Bosphorus
      • JO  - Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
      • JA  - J.-Geophys.-Res.
      • VL  - 107
      • IS  - C3
      • SN  - 2156-2202
      • UR  - http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2000JC000485
      • DO  - 10.1029/2000JC000485
      • SP  - 2-1
      • EP  - 2-23
      • KW  - straits
      • KW  - hydraulic controls
      • KW  - mixing
      • KW  - turbulence
      • KW  - Bosphorus
      • KW  - 4223 Descriptive and regional oceanography
      • KW  - 4243 Marginal and semi-enclosed seas
      • KW  - 4219 Continental shelf and slope processes
      • KW  - 4568 Turbulence, diffusion, and mixing processes
      • PY  - 2002

    Elena Musikhina