D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

Dawujituan


Whatever Happened to Moral Capitalism?


Michael Kazim, Georgetown University

The New York Times,  June 24, 2019


You [Christine McM] and Elizabeth Warren may be interested in an actual model of "moral capitalism" that surprisingly exists in mainland China. It has been established by the Hebei Dawu Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Group Co., Ltd. The Dawu Group was established by SUN Dawu (孙大午) about 30 years ago. The actual name of this type of moral capitalism is Private Entrepreneurial Constitutional System which was devised in 2004 and has since developed. Voting is undertaken every two years and everyone is required to vote. The case of SUN Dawu and the incident involving SUN Zhigang (孙志刚) marked the beginning of the civil rights movement in China.


D. Carlton Rossi


https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/24/opinion/democrats-moral-capitalism.html





Note: This article is translated from the first issue of "Day of the Impression" magazine. This magazine is a comprehensive foreign publication of the Dawu Group.


                           The Release of Wealth

People always ask repeatedly, if the company is so big and the company is so extensive then how much is it worth? Some people say that it is one hundred billion yuan (14,503,600,000 US). In fact, the value of Dawucheng is not estimated. Many people don’t understand it. This is a report. You are the boss. How can it be counted? Our company has been developing for more than 30 years, but our wealth is not developed, but released. The value of Dawucheng lies in the wealth it releases. This wealth is incalculable.

We have not borrowed a penny. They are all net assets. Many people don't believe it. How is this possible? The company has three major expenditures, one is taxation, the other is shareholder dividends, and the third is management bonuses of which each account for one-third. We are a farming and animal husbandry enterprise. Many industries not only do not pay taxes, but also enjoy state subsidies. We have very few such benefits.

This enterprise is our family, but we have not received dividends; that is, we receive twice the average wage of workers. With regard to subsidies, this is very small for enterprises; instead, our management takes bonuses, but there are restrictions that they will not exceed five to ten times the average wage of workers. For more than 30 years our companies have earned money in enterprises.

On the other hand, our income continues to grow--especially in the past few years. The company has developed rapidly and has been growing at a rate of more than 20%, so this book number will be large. I don't look at the report, nor do I study it. This number is bigger and it is also a small part of the company's value.

Understand that people do not look at the company's statements and book figures because many companies now rely on bank loans, private loans and blood transfusions. Book assets look a lot, but there is often debt, and there are some debt ratios of more than 90%. For example, Liu Han of Sichuan Province had the right to be powerful, but his corporate assets of about 400 million under the Hanlong Group are also heavily in debt. After he was sentenced to death, the company’s auction was only 300 million yuan, and the debt ratio was also 100 ie. more than 90%. The company assets of a friend of mine in Henan Province are estimated at 600 million, but the debt is as high as 2.4 billion. Finally, the company was insolvent and went bankrupt.

Unlike these companies, our book assets and net assets are real. We did not apply for loans at the beginning of the establishment of the factory. Later, when our own funds could not be spent, there would be no need for loans.


Market Price

Speaking of our buildings alone, the construction of Dawucheng is undertaken by our construction company. Can we only calculate the construction cost on the books? For example, the building area of our international hotel is 100,000 square meters. If the value of a square meter in Xushui is about 10,000 yuan then the hotel is worth 10 billion yuan which does not include the hot spring hotel, holiday hotel and hot spring club.

In the past two years, we have moved out production units , agricultural parks, food industrial parks, and 400,000 tons of feed plants next to National Highway 107. Each park has a production capacity of more than one billion. The Group’s top three hospitals have been built. Nine of our buildings have 18 floors. The pensioner apartment buildings have also been built. It can be said that Dawucheng has been under construction, and two thousand construction workers are not working all the year round. How much market value can this generate? How to evaluate it? .

There is also our Dawu brand. All our products are Dawu Brand. It has been used as a famous trademark in Hebei Province for more than 30 years. Some time ago, our winery used “Dawuliangye” and Wuliangye. There was a lawsuit. After contesting the issue for more than two years, Dawu Group had to take it to the Supreme Court. We won the case. I have always advocated: not for profit but for good character, for good products, for making clean money--we have always done this. After years of operation, the brand has a certain popularity. The reputation is intangible, but it is valuable in the market because people trust the brand. However, the specific value of this intangible asset has not been evaluated.


Listing value


As early as 2004, there was a US investment company lobbying me to go public. I said, my business is small, can it qualify for listing? The other party said, don't you have 3,000 acres of land? As long as the land is productive one can evaluate the price. One thousand mu (area) needs 16 million yuan, and 4 million yuan as the company's promotional packaging fee. These 20 million are handled by investment companies. Then, an acre of land is estimated at 300,000 yuan, 1,000 acres is 300 million yuan, plus the group's original assets of 300 million yuan is 600 million. The stock issuance price can be set at 6 yuan, then the market value of the group surges to 3.6 billion yuan; if the stock price reaches 12 yuan, the market value will become 7.2 billion yuan; if the brand of the noon is hyped, the stock can reach 15-20 billion yuan.

In the past few years, an investment company in Shenzhen came over to inspect our poultry company and evaluated the poultry company at two billion yuan. It said that the listing can reach 8 billion yuan. How can it generate such four-fold increase? The people in the investment company said that we have the advantage of technology and market: the average laying hen has 285 eggs, but our chicken can produce 325 eggs, and our chicken can sell for more money than the imported varieties of the United States and the Netherlands. The poultry company hatches 400,000 chickens every day. It is still in short supply. Due to transportation restrictions, many markets have not yet been fully developed. After the listing, the incubator has been expanded nationwide. After operation, 80 billion is a conservative estimate. They are very lively, but I am not interested, so I have not taken them to see the Yixian Wanmu Mountain Farm and the original breeder farm of the poultry company, nor have they assessed it.

We don't have the need for financing. We can't spend our own funds. There is no need to go public and it is not in line with our development path to list money and make quick money.


Wealth password


The wealth of this enterprise is still second. Our greater wealth is Dawucheng. The wealth it releases is our wealth code.

I often say "wealth passwords". The wealth created by enterprises is actually a small part, mainly it is wealth released. For example, the land in Beijing used to be 30,000 yuan for one mu. Now how it has become three million for one mu. Is this wealth created? This is the release of wealth, and the release of wealth is the wealth code.

Is underground oil and coal not wealth? Is jade and gold in the mountains not wealth? If no one is going to excavate it then it is not wealth. Only when enterprises let people go to mine and dig gold can they can become wealthy.

Therefore, if a place’s wealth is to be released, it must be initially supported by the enterprise. This is the introduction and the beginning. After the enterprises are supported, a large number of workers gather here to find employment, live and consume. After the social population gathers, the tertiary industry will rise. At this time, the enterprise is not important. It will improve itself and form a complete flow process. It becomes a society. At this point, its development is unstoppable, and the wealth of this place is released.

The Dawu Group now has 6,000 workers. In the past few years, it has added more than 1,000 workers. These thousands of people have created wealth and they are still spending wealth here. These thousands of people are employed here, their families live here, their children go to school here, the old people are here to support the elderly... consumption is here. Our staff apartment initially sold for more than 1,000 yuan. Now the price in Xushui District is 10,000 yuan. Dawucheng is rated as Kangyang Town. It is a treasure trove of education, medical care and old-age care. Popularity is wealth, so I said that the place to create wealth is not a place of wealth. The place where wealth is consumed is the place of wealth. This is the wealth code of Dawucheng. This wealth is incalculable.

The wealth code is very esoteric. It is not said here. We welcome people of insight to learn from each other.


孙大午   (SUN Dawu)





 


                                              


                                                        Talk to the Fist                                 




Sun Dawu is the founder of Hebei Dawujituan and is currently a member of Dawujituan Board of Supervisors. He is Senior Researcher of China Agricultural University Institute of Peasant Issues; as well as, a Special Researcher at the Private Economic Research Institute.





                       Kiowa Trail

We came up the trail from Texas
in the spring of '74,

and bedded our herd on the short grass
beyond the railroad.

We cleaned our guns and washed our necks
and dusted our hats for town,

riding fifteen strong to the hitching rail
and standing fifteen strong to the bar.


Louis L'Amour


Louis L'Amour, Kiowa Trail, Bantom Books Inc., New York: 1964.





孙大午:今天我们不聊信任 只谈职责

上任者在工作初期可能感念这份信任,出于对知遇之恩的报答,兢兢业业,可是,这种依靠人心的督促是不能长久的,人心是会变的,是动态的,上任者不可能永远保持这份感恩之心,当感性的人心其促进作用越来越小,又缺乏理性的制度约束时,权力就成了一匹脱缰的野马,东奔西突,横冲直撞,只能是伤人伤己,信任被辜负也就成为一种必然。



Sun Dawu: Today, we do not talk only
about  responsibilities of trust


Hebei Province


The incumbent may at the beginning of work rely on gratitude of trust for thanks to the gratitude of return to work conscientiously. However, this reliance on the supervision of the people can not be long since people are in a dynamic state of change. The incumbent cannot forever maintain the heart of gratitude when the sensibility of the people to promote the role is getting smaller and smaller. With the lack of rational constraints the power has become a runaway mustang. East and West are in a sudden rampage. A wounding injury means that trust has become a necessity to live up to.

At present, our society emphasizes responsibility, rather than pay attention to trust. People's general psychology is that responsibility has a business-like meaning, but there is a human touch to trust.

In enterprise, especially regarding the employment problem, the employer always upholds the principle that only trusted people will be promoted to appointments and only confidants will be entrusted with the task, the result is what? The result is often that trust is disappointed.The reason is that the employer gives power based on trust, but not on clear responsibilities. The responsibilities are not fulfilled.  

Leadership is surrounded by subordinates all day long who compliment. They are full of eyeful singing and dancing Sheng. They are full of praises of songs for the ears. They do not see the real situation. They can not hear the real voice. There is no real basis for doing and making the right decision. Over time, the entire enterprise will consist of bad habits which erode into evil. There is no emphasis on duty, but trust is stressed on the individual and leadership. This is bad for the entire enterprise.

This trust-based employment thinking has led directly to the "eyes staring at the leadership look" style of work. Because the power is based on the leadership of trust given to them and since trust is a mysterious psychological state that can at any time change then the incumbent will feel ill at ease without end at any time so that fear of leadership is also to trust not themselves.

Eyes staring at the leadership at work will not let go of hands and feet. Leadership is always thinking about how I would like to do the work of leadership?  I do the work of leadership, but am not satisfied with it? Time and effort are wasted in the "speculation on the meaning of", in accordance with the wink of leadership is to act on their own without thinking and will ignore the improvement of their work.


Our private corporate constitutional system focuses on responsibility and not trust.


Take the board of directors who are elected of the group with me or other leaders who do not trust them as  trust does not matter. At this time, human sensibility is not always a disadvantage since attention is paid to responsibilities. For directors to trust a few people alone is not possible, and every year hundreds of cadres and workers vote and not everyone knows you or  trusts you. They vote on the basis of performance. The work performance is to see if you are not doing their own work. It is possible to be elected as a director only if there is a result.

After the election of directors the issue is not how to please a few leaders, but to let hundreds of voters recognize themselves so that they make achievements in their work in order to stay. If there are no results then in the next election the candidate  is unsuccessful. Not only the appointment and removal of directors takes place, but the appointment of cadres and their dismissal is the case. If cadres of Afternoon Group do not do a good job on promotion then changes are volatile. Meteoric promotions will not appear because a big leader trusts and value you, but rather with performance. Do not always think at work of how the leader will see you as long as you do your own good work. Based on consumer satisfaction leaders cannot withdraw such cadres.

This requires clear responsibilities of the various units of the Group which are clearly defined in two ways: one is clear responsibility to the individual and the second is the scope of public duties. With regard to clear responsibilities to individuals it means they know their own terms of reference and can remind themselves to do their jobs. This role means that he can play a supervisory role by working on a problem and finding the direct responsibility of the people. This supervision is not just to trace responsibility, but more importantly to fill the deficiencies in the work by improving work methods through lessons learned.

Dawu Group allows employees to make mistakes, but is also willing to pay tuition fees to employees. However, employees should learn something through  tuition. If the tuition is paid but there are no results then it means the responsibility is not a clear cause.

Open and transparent responsibilities mean that people know who do something should not take the long way to go, but rather go directly to the responsible person to solve the problem. This will greatly improve work efficiency. The name, contact information, photos and other contents of the members of the Group are open to the public. The content of this announcement needs to be supplemented, and the scope of duties needs to be open and transparent. Open and transparent responsibilities can also involve the role of supervision which can act as  a spur to a responsible person.

Enterprises should focus on responsibilities rather than trust.


2016-09-30 09:28 Reading (1929)








                                   

                             
                               DAWUJITUAN GROUP STRUCTURE


 大午集团是一家民营企业,其“产权清晰,制度健全”,集团在企业治理层面首创私企立宪制,实行所有权、决策权、经营权三权分立,并立并行,相互制约。集团设监事会、董事会和理事会,三会中董事长、总经理均由选举产生,监事长实行家庭选举继承制,企业最高权力机构是三会联席会。


Dawujituan is a private enterprise, the "clear property rights, sound system," the level of corporate governance in the Group's first private constitutional system, the implementation of ownership, decision-making power, the right to operate the separation of powers, side by side in parallel, mutual restraint. Group board of supervisors, boards and councils, three will be the chairman of the board, elected by the general manager, the Board of Supervisors election to implement family inheritance system, enterprises will be the highest authority is the three Joint.






                                                    



2016-5-17 青年干部骨干培训班——学员发言及点评

Backbone young cadres training - students speak and reviews

 

Product quality cannot achieve 100 percent qualified? Certainly you can do it. It is said that during World War II, an American production of military parachute manufacturers, product qualification rate has been 99%. General requirements for manufacturers to continue to enhance the quality, the boss thought impossible, impossible. So the generals got the boss, the boss instead of pilots, carrying their own production parachute jumped from the plane to test the quality of products, the results of the company's rate of qualified products was soon raised to 100%. 

 

产品质量能不能达到100%合格?肯定能做到。据说在二战期间,美国一家生产军用降落伞的厂家,产品合格率一直是99%。将军要求厂家继续提升质量,老板认为不可能,做不到。于是将军把老板找来,让老板代替飞行员,背着自己生产的降落伞从飞机上跳下来,以检验产品质量,结果这家公司的产品合格率很快就提升到100%了。

 

 

We only emphasize quality, emphasizing the dedication, do yourself, not the pursuit of money. But once we really can do yourself, the money will naturally flow to us. In fact, think about it, money is morality, character, and it flows all the time to focus on the hands of a moral person. Some people blindly want to make money chasing money to run, but there is no money to catch up, or catch the moment, but can not keep. How to make money? Keep the money? Only let money chase you run. Take Taiwujituan, we have been "not for profit, but to development as the goal," but we are in profit each subsidiary to build as fast as the pace of development, and why? As we continue to learn and improve, improve facilities, improve service, we are trying to do their best. Therefore, a steady stream of money from all concentrated here.

 

我们只强调质量,强调敬业,做好自己,不追求赚钱。可一旦我们真的能做好自己,钱自然会流向我们。其实仔细想想,钱也是有道德,有性格的,它随时都在流动,向有道德的人手里集中。有人一味想赚钱,追着钱跑,却始终没有追上钱,或者一时追到了,却无法留住。怎么才能赚到钱?留住钱?只有让钱追着你跑。咱们大午集团,一直不以盈利为目的,而以发展为目标,可是我们每个子公司都在盈利,建设速度赶不上发展速度,为什么?因为我们在不断学习,不断提升,改善设施,改进服务,我们在努力地做最好的自己。所以,钱从四面八方源源不断地集中到这里。

 

 




           
                                                              



管理的更高境界是释放

The Higher Level of Management is to Release

June 23, 2016

今年大午集团的新春培训会上,食品公司经理王香玲对这一点有很深刻的感悟。她说:管理不是控制,管理的真正含义是释放。只有团队每个个体释放了自己,才能激发出大家的工作能力与创新思维这是她的内心感悟。管理不是仅仅释放自己的能力,而是要释放团队的能力。我们如果要达到管理的更高境界,就不会限制手下人释放能量。。一把手不要离企业很近,离得很近,什么事都是你说了算,你的能力很强,别人的能力就释放不出来。大午集团之所以这么多企业能齐头并进,现在是18家子公司,我们很快还会有更多的子公司诞生,这是因为有一个让大家释放的平台。在这个平台上,人、财、物、产、供、销的权力落实到了每个人身上,责任到人,逐级管理,每个责任人管理得理直气壮,员工的精神面貌就很好。当民意体现出来的时候,每个人的能量就得以释放。

 

At this year's spring training session of  Dawujituan food company, manager Wangxiang Ling has a deep sentiment on this point. She said: "Management is not the true meaning of control, release management is only the team each individual freed himself, in order to stimulate everyone's ability to work with innovative thinking." This is the sentiment of her heart. Management is not only the release of their ability, but to release the team's ability. If we are to achieve a higher level of management then  do not restrict employees to release energy.  From business leaders do not be very close, things are what you say, you are strong, people's ability should be released. At Dawujituan, the reason why so many companies can go hand in hand( it is now 18 subsidiaries and we will soon have another birth of a subsidiary)  is because everyone has a release platform. On this platform, human, financial, material, production, supply, marketing implementation, power to each person, responsibility to the people, by level, each responsible for management was righteous, employee morale is very good. When public opinion is reflected then everyone's energy is released.






                                



I think that the greatest contribution of "public governance" is the internal management of democratic elections, to overcome the traditional family business and two types of joint stock companies from the Capital founder the final say, "the concept of aging," the owners of capital are not interested in posterity in the relevant field or lack of talent discovery related to vision as a result of "tunnel vision", "successors" and other issues, the broader line employees and line managers direct election of senior management, to ensure that enterprises are open to a greater extent and advancing a variety of ideas.

 

认为,公治亦即内部民主选举管理层的最大贡献,在于克服了传统家族企业和两类股份制企业由资本说了算的创始人观念老化资本所有者后代在相关领域没有兴趣或缺乏发现相关人才的眼光等导致的视野狭窄继无人问题,由更广泛的一线员工和基层管理人员直接选举高层管理层,能在更大程度上保证企业的开放性和各种思想观念的与时俱进。


sun_dawu





                                 



决民企融资难的问题,有些专家建议,面向中小企业建立中小银行等金融服务机构。我认为,建立专门面向中小企业的中小银行,如果仍是由政府部门来办,可操作性不大。我认为,从根本上来,金融问题是个体制问题,或者说是制度设计问题。

In order to solve the private financing some experts suggested the establishment of small and medium sized banks and other financial services organizations. I believe that the establishment of special SME-oriented small and medium banks, if the government is still to do has little maneuverability. I believe that fundamentally the financial problem is a system problem, or a system design problem.








                               



 
"Great afternoon Inheritance Code: Taiwujituan" private, public governance, shared "practice" book "Private Dawujituan Constitutional Decade 

250,000 word book recently published

First, in my opinion, Chinese entrepreneurs can be grouped into two categories, one run commercial nature of the enterprise, such as Ma Alibaba do, focus on meeting the social demand for remote trading services, he can do the business great; the second is to do with a social nature of the enterprise, for example, I run Dawujituan addition you said Ren Zhengfei, Huawei offered.


What to do with the social nature of the enterprise? We look at how to spell the word "Enterprise": Enterprise, by the people, only two words constituted a good understanding of the industry, is specific cause, the family business. An entrepreneur, of course, to meet the social needs of their own discovery and to meet this demand in a time of reproduction is completed, and to achieve the purpose of creating profits; otherwise, he would not do sustainable business development.



However, one does not know when to stop the idea of ​​the company's future, and what role the social enterprise, he is a business entrepreneur, not a social entrepreneur. As a social entrepreneur, he is not only in the creation of value and profit to meet market demand, but also to his own business when a society treat, corporate staff will be oriented so that the growth of enterprises with employees generate height of the feeling of belonging fit, long-term staff turnover Dawujituan less than 3%, that is, when proven benefit our business community to manage.





August 23, 2016




Justice and Fairness













                                   





2003年,孙大午的名字让无数中国人牵肠挂肚,包括新闻界、法律界、民企界。在这个极具个性和传奇色彩的民营企业家身上,集中了许多矛盾的焦点:非法还是合法?好人还是另类?傲气冲天与怀柔百姓……最近,孙大午被评为“感动中国的十大新闻人物”和“影响中国的十大民企人物”。孙大午到底是什么样的人?他的生命中承载着怎样的真情?——题记

文/邢 卓

儿子被带走了158天,母亲就跪地祈祷了158个夜晚

距河北保定徐水县城20分钟车程的郎五庄大午城,就是著名的河北大午农牧集团有限公司总部的所在地。

2003年5月27日,85岁的刘凤兰老人像往常一样清早就起床了。打扫土墙围起来的简陋院子时,她突然心神不定。“莫非要出什么事儿?”老人拄着扫把发起愣来。

接下来发生的事,印证了老人的预感。上午,老人49岁的儿子——大午集团总裁孙大午被县领导“请去吃饭”一直没有回来;午后,数辆汽车呼啸着开到公司,从车上跳下来十几个陌生人,他们闪电般查封了公司的重要处室,“请”走了公司的骨干领导……

老人亲眼目睹了这乱糟糟的场面,知道儿子大午出事了。

儿子犯了什么错呀?老母亲虽然仍耳聪目明,却参不透个中缘由。大午的道德、品性,老母亲是深察细知的:18年来,他从赤手空拳的一介贫汉发展成拥有亿万元资产的企业老板,没做过半件伤天害理的事!儿子不赌不嫖,粗衣淡食,不造别墅豪宅,不开奔驰宝马,不横行乡里,不偷税漏税,不拖欠工人一分钱工资……他到底犯了啥错?老母亲的心疼得像钉进了一排排钢钉。

几个月前,孙大午从北京做完鼻腔手术回来,尚需要进行一个星期的输液治疗,但他没有到公司医院去住,而是住进了母亲的家。躺在宽宽的大炕上。百忙中,他终于有时间和母亲相守在一起。老母亲为儿子烧煮他小时候最爱吃的小米白薯粥,为他擦脸洗脚,闲话家长里短,那是多美的光阴、多好的感觉啊!年近半百的儿子在年逾八旬的母亲身边又可以撒一撒娇了……

记不得有多少个夜晚了,老母亲来到儿子的办公楼前,看见儿子办公室里仍有灯光,就到院门口的警卫室里等儿子下班出来。她听说社会上时有谋财害命的事发生,也知道生性秉直的儿子得罪过很多小人,就叮嘱警卫人员一定要关注大午的安全。直到夜很深了,她才返回自己的住处。

如今,儿子却不明不白地被人弄走了,在母亲的眼皮底下弄走了,做母亲的怎能不肝肠寸断啊?

接着,孙家陆陆续续来了不少人。

一名陌生的青年律师来了。他对孙母说:“我要免费为孙总打官司。”老人问:“你认识我儿子大午?”律师摇了摇头说:“是我爸叫我来的。我爸说,村里的那条石子路就是大午修的,村里那些孤寡老人年年都得到大午的周济。我爸还说,大午是好人啊,如今他有难,我们要尽力相帮。”

一个叫李亚林的邻村女人听说大午出事了,哭成泪人似的,非要找政府讲一讲自己的经历不可。她说:两年前,她得了红斑狼疮到处求医,几近倾家荡产,是大午安排她住进了大午医院,还动员员工为她捐款8000余元,稳定了她的病情……

在老母亲接待的一拨拨人中,有在大午投资50万元办的免费农科技术学校中受益匪浅的学员,有大午赠资打井、结束了几辈人食无清水的千名村民代表,有白发苍苍的老者,有稚气未脱的孩子……他们不约而同踏着大午出资修筑的平坦的柏油路,从四面八方来看望心焦如焚的孙家老父老母!

万籁俱寂的夜晚,无法入眠的老母亲独伴昏灯坐在家中那张破旧的沙发上,望着幽幽的窗口,总感觉有人在窗外朝她摆手:“没事。大午没事,快回来了。”这种幻觉夜夜在老人的脑际晃动。她打开门扉,跪地向苍天祈祷。她相信总有一天会有人听到做母亲的悲凉而凄怆的声音。儿子走了158天,母亲跪地祈祷了158个夜晚!

大午的父亲孙凯已经83岁了,他没有像老伴那样,而是默默地在一边流泪,有时也发出一声彻骨的悲号。白天他仍然如以往一样,佝偻着腰身,走上拾捡破烂的路途。这个亿万富翁的父亲,就用这样的劳动养活自己,养活老伴。

大午和他的兄弟们曾无数次劝父母搬进新宅享清福,他们都愿意为老人尽孝心。可老人有自己的生活哲学,他说:“我不要过饭来张口、衣来伸手的日子。”他怕别人不理解,就请人代写告示贴出去:“我们是穷苦出身,受苦惯了,愿意凭劳动吃饭。这和大午他们孝不孝顺无关。”

老父亲知道,大午这孩子太不容易了,他的心思宽得很哟,他想让所有的穷苦人都过上好日子,却把自己管得很严很紧:出门在外,他经常两个烧饼、一碗馄饨就对付一顿;出差去1000公里外的宁夏,他也只买硬座车票。

老父亲要尽自己的能力,不给儿子增添负担。大午曾把一张存有5000元的折子硬交到父亲手中,老父亲搁了一段时间又还给儿子。他说:“你们干事业的资金也紧,我用不着。”孝顺的大午感激父母的明义之举,常以两位老人为荣。外面来大午城参观访问的客人常常在路边遇见推着一车破烂的孙父,大午非常自豪地向客人介绍:“这是我的父亲。”这时,老人会抬起头来向满脸诧异的客人慈祥和蔼地微笑。老父亲的微笑,在许多人心中留下了温暖的印象。如今,老父亲脸上的笑容好久不见了——他的儿子已经好久好久没有回家。

大午被拘押时,公司和整个家族的账户全被冻结,两个弟弟也被关押,儿媳和孙子都涌到两位老人家里搭伙,老父亲每天只有十来块钱收入,这十来块钱就成了全家七八口人生活的依靠,一家人就这样度过了五个多月的艰难时日……

母亲和乡亲都不明白:这样的大好人还犯了法?

老母亲由人陪伴乘车到看守所找儿子来了。她不敢抱有与儿子对话的奢望,只要能看上儿子一眼,她就心满意足了。颤颤巍巍的老人顶着炎炎烈日来到高墙之下,仿佛听到高墙里边儿子的呼吸。她倚靠着高墙的红砖,望着西斜的太阳,久久不愿离去。

墙内,一间不足10平方米的小号里,大午凭窗而坐。暂别忙忙碌碌的工作,现在他有的是时间,可以慢慢地梳理自己的思绪了。他不知道思儿心切的老母亲正默立在扬尘的风中,就近在咫尺!

作为儿子,为了不使年迈的母亲担心,他觉得真该好好地反省反省自己。

那年,他投资160多万元修公路。这虽是造福一方的大好事,但因为工程没有给与地方领导有关系的人做,结果他得罪了人。于是,铺好的路面被人故意破坏,甚至有人闯进家中把他打得鲜血直流,还把他的一根指骨打断成两截。老母亲闻讯赶来了,用湿毛巾为他拭去斑斑血迹。老人的心疼得快要碎了,泪水一股一股地流个不停,擦也擦不完。老母亲对儿子说:“咱惹不起人家,该低头就低头吧。”大午说:“妈,您可从来没说过让儿子低头的话啊!”老母亲说:“妈怕你出事啊!对那些来来往往的领导,你就陪他们喝喝酒,给他们送点啥,让他们心里也暖和点啊。”大午说:“我尽力去做吧。可看看那些穷百姓过的是啥日子呀!你不是说咱有钱了,要多接济穷人吗?”老母亲不说话了,只是轻轻地叹了口气。她曾在许多人面前自豪地说过:“大午最听我的话了。”可这回,大午怎么就听不进去了呢?

老母亲看得清楚,经历流血和断骨之祸后,儿子依然我行我素。一名很重要的领导人来找大午商量事情,领导说:“有那么一家国营企业,遇到了前所未有的困难,需要注入一大笔资金,希望大午集团能捐献20万元。”大午说:“我可以为他们做些事情,公司食品厂的产品可以送一些给他们的困难职工。”领导说:“物质上的帮助就算了,还是拿人民币吧。你也没必要接触,交给我,我转给他们就行了。”大午马上明白了这名领导的意图,说:“让我和集团领导班子商量商量再说吧。”领导说:“商量个啥啊?大午集团还不是你说了算?”大午说:“可我也不能乱说啊!乱说不就把公司说垮啦?几千号职工在这儿吃饭呢。”领导刷地变了脸色,拂袖而去。

2002年5月的一天,北京中南海。孙大午作为河北民营企业家的代表,与当地领导一道荣幸地走进了国务院第三会议室。会议本来没有安排他发言,可他听了有些地方领导的汇报后如鲠在喉,非要说些什么不可。他终于抢到了讲话的机会,干脆利索地甩出了一挂“鞭炮”。他说:“对我们那里上报的农民人均收入2600元的数字,我有怀疑。我们那里的农民人均一亩半地,打两季粮食,高一点按1000公斤算,保护价收购是1000元,加上一家养5头猪、10只鸡,种十几棵树,收入也不到2000元。哪来的2600元?”大午一吐为快,国家高层领导对他率直、真诚的发言给予了充分肯定。中央领导要的就是真实情况呀!可地方领导的脸色就难看了。他这不是当众掴人家的嘴巴子吗?

孙大午的我行我素,还表现在把自己的道德观烙在大午集团的经营方式上。2000年,大午集团有机肥厂面临着一个在同行看来无须斟酌的选择:南方一家公司决定常年要大午集团的产品,一次就要十个车皮,甚至可以先到货款。这实在是很划算的买卖,但因为那家公司的经理要“按惯例”每吨收60元回扣,孙大午当场就拒绝了:“这样做买卖还不如妓女,表面上是出卖商品,实际上是出卖人品。这样的交易,最后会让企业形象和信誉都受到损害的。”结果生意没做成,那家公司的经理觉得匪夷所思。

对孙大午的“另类”,当地一名县领导曾这样讲:“孙大午是‘午’字出了头的,成了孙大牛。”

2003年5月29日孙大午被徐水县公安局刑事拘留,同年7月4日,经徐水县人民检察院批准,孙大午被逮捕。因为自1998年以来,他向600多名大午集团的职工和附近村民有息借款1300多万元,被认为涉嫌非法吸收公众存款。

孙大午一案立即引起了社会各界广泛的关注。首先,他得到了经济学界、法学界、民企界和媒体的广泛同情和支持。因为事实上,孙大午“非法吸收公众存款”的背景是民营企业普遍遭遇贷款无门,而要想加快发展步伐,就必须有大量的资金做后盾。孙大午曾经这样感叹贷款之难:“我的企业固定资产上亿元,但我贷不到一分钱!”

儿子被抓走后,刘凤兰老人问别人:“大午到底犯了啥过错?”

别人告诉老人:“说他非法集资。”

老母亲又问:“啥叫非法集资呀?”

那人说:“就是把职工和周围农民的钱借来用。”

老母亲再问:“还钱给利息,这也不行吗?”

人们说:“大午就是违了这个法。”

老母亲不懂金融法、银行法什么的,她只觉得大午挺冤屈,因为她太知道儿子的想法了。大午曾对母亲和乡亲描绘过自己的理想世界,那就是在大午城打造一个好人相聚的世外桃源,一个没有邪恶、没有饥馑、共同富裕的大同世界。创业18年发展至今,由当年1000只鸡、50头猪的小小养殖场发展到拥有固定资产和年产值均过亿元的大午集团的同时,他的梦想也逐步变为现实:他斥资4000万元开办大午中学,校园教学楼非常豪华,收费却很便宜,每个学生每月的生活费只需100多元……

这次笔者前去采访,一个名叫王秀玲的大婶告诉笔者:“当时大午有一句话,俺到死也会记着:‘我要让十里八乡有困难的人家,每家来一个人到我这干活。大家都要有饭吃!’”

事实上,孙大午真的做到了。他为1500多名像王秀玲一样的贫困乡亲解决了就业的难题,每年为他们发放工资700多万元。

对这样的大好人,老母亲和乡亲当然想不出他到底犯了什么错。

农民出身的儿子,给母亲送上沾满泪水的浪漫鲜花

分别读四年级、三年级的张存、张钰是来自定兴的一对小兄妹,他们的母亲早亡,两年前父亲又病死,小兄妹俩因此飘落在生命的悬崖旁。

听人讲述这对小兄妹的情况后,大午十万火急地说:“让他们来我这儿吧!”于是,这对小兄妹立即被接到大午城,进了大午学校,生活、学习都有了着落。

孙校长被羁押的消息被大午学校的学生知道了,张存、张钰兄妹俩忍不住大哭,他们给政府写了一封信:“我们是两个孤儿。在走投无路的时候,是大午伯伯收养了我们。我们想对政府说一说心里话……叔叔阿姨们,你们也是有儿有女的人,如果你们也遇到我们这样的孤儿会怎么样呢?叔叔阿姨们,像孙校长这样的好人,怎么会落得如此下场?求求你们了,放了我们的好校长吧!”

2003年,由于闹非典,学校放假早,开学也早,张存、张钰是在表姑家过的暑假。开学返校上课的时候,教导主任找他们谈话,说:“你们断了学费,没有了食宿费,学校不能再让你们呆在这里了。你们回家吧。”兄妹俩如遭电击。13岁的哥哥张存说:“我们没有家呀,孙校长说这就是我们的家。” 大午的母亲得知这事后马上去找校领导。老人说:“不能撵张存、张钰他们走啊。他们没爹没妈的,你叫他们去哪里?”校领导说:“没办法呀,他们交不上钱。”老人说:“不就是每月100多元吗?我拾破烂也要拾出来。欠不了你们的。你们的眼光也得放长远点,大午会回来的!”就这样,张存、张钰又可以接着读书了。老人说:“孩子,安心念书吧,你们的大午伯伯很快就会回来的。”

大午真的回来了!2003年11月1日上午,河北徐水县法院门口人头攒动,诸多媒体和数百乡亲聚集在此,听法官一锤定音。经过长达六小时的庭审后,法院做出孙大午有罪的宣判:“三年有期徒刑,缓期四年执行,并处罚金10万元。”孙大午没有上诉。

老父老母在家等来了儿子。儿子瘦了,发间竖出了几缕白丝。一片哭声中,大午默默无语,老母亲说:“人回来了就好,也甭觉得委屈。就当妈犯糊涂,错打了你。”闻此言,大午的眼眶骤然盈满泪水。

次日,大午来到学校,听说张存、张钰险些被开除,眉头紧锁。当得知母亲保护了他们,他的眼里又一次淌出泪水。儿子感谢母亲,他买了一篮子黄红相间的菊花,捧送到母亲的面前。这是农民出身的儿子第一次给母亲送浪漫的礼品。老母亲笑了,问:“这花儿多少钱?’儿子答:“70元。”老母亲嗔怪道:“太贵了!钱得捏紧点,还得发展生产呢!”

2004年元旦前夕,大午学校的师生欢聚一堂,开了一场文艺联欢晚会。大午偕同他年迈的父母来到会场,坐在师生中间。演出进行到一半,一名学生代表全体师生朗诵了一首题为《等你回来》的诗。这是献给他们敬爱的校长孙大午的:

等你/树叶不肯飘落/等你/鲜花不肯谢去/在多雨的季节里/你没一声道别就悄然离去/五个月/被磨盘碾压的日子/白天如黑夜般死寂/……盼望你平安归来/等着你早出囹圄…… 大午被深情的诗句感动了,他泪光莹莹地走上台,说:“搜狐网上有一篇文章说,孙大午、大午事件感动了中国。我今天要说,我没有感觉到自己感动了中国,而是我受到了太多的感动。母亲感动了我,你们感动了我……一个人不一定活得伟大,但可以活得崇高。做好人难,但一定要做好人;做好事难,但一定要做好事;讲真话难,但一定要讲真话!”​​​​




The son was taken away for 158 days and the mother prayed for 158 nights.

Langwuzhuang Dawucheng, a 20-minute drive from Xushui County, Baoding, Hebei Province, is the headquarters of the famous Hebei Dawu Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Group Co., Ltd.

On May 27, 2003, the 85-year-old Liu Fenglan got up early in the morning as usual. When she cleaned the simple courtyard surrounded by the earth wall, she suddenly became uncertain. "What is going to happen?" The old man started to pick up the broom.

What happened next confirmed the hunch of the old man. In the morning, the 49-year-old son of the old man, Sun Dawu, the president of Dawu Group, was never returned by the county leader “please go to dinner”; in the afternoon, several cars roared to the company and jumped from the car to a dozen strangers, they lightning Generally sealed up the company's important office, "please" took the company's backbone leadership...

The old man witnessed the messy scene and knew that his son had an accident at noon.

What happened to the son? Although the old mother is still savvy, she can’t participate in the reason. The morality and character of the noon, the old mother is deeply aware: in the past 18 years, he has developed from a poor man with a bare hand to a business owner with assets of hundreds of millions of yuan. He has not done half of the things that hurt the world! The son doesn't gamble, he doesn't swear, he doesn't make villas, doesn't open Mercedes-Benz BMW, doesn't run the township, doesn't evade taxes and taxes, doesn't owe workers a penny salary... Did he make a mistake? The old mother was so distressed that she was nailed into a row of steel nails.

A few months ago, Sun Dawu returned from surgery in Beijing, and still needed a week of infusion therapy, but he did not go to the company hospital to live, but lived in the mother's home. Lying on a wide squat. In his busy schedule, he finally had time to be with his mother. The old mother cooked the sweet potato sweet potato porridge that he loved when he was a child. He washed his face and washed his feet. The gossip was short in the parents. It was a beautiful time and a good feeling! Nearly half a hundred sons can be spoiled by the mother who is over eighty years old...

I don’t remember how many nights, the old mother came to her son’s office building and saw that there was still light in his son’s office. He went to the guard room at the entrance of the hospital and waited for his son to leave work. She heard that there was a murder in the society, and that the son who was born with integrity had offended many villains, so the guards must pay attention to the safety of the noon. It was not until the night was deep that she returned to her place of residence.

Now, the son is unclear and has been taken away. He has been taken away under the mother's eyes. How can he be a mother?

Then, Sun Jialu continued to come to many people.

A strange young lawyer came. He said to his grandmother: "I want to go to court for Sun." The old man asked: "Do you know my son's big lunch?" The lawyer shook his head and said, "My dad told me to come. My dad said that the village The gravel road was repaired in the middle of the afternoon. The lonely old people in the village got the big lunch every year. My dad also said that the big afternoon is a good person. Now he is in trouble. We must try our best to help."

A neighboring village woman named Li Yalin heard that something happened in the afternoon, crying like a tearful person, not asking the government to talk about his own experience. She said: Two years ago, she got lupus erythematosus to seek medical treatment everywhere. She almost went to the hospital and arranged for her to live in the Dawu Hospital. She also mobilized employees to donate more than 8,000 yuan to her, which stabilized her condition...

Among the dialects that the old mother received, there were students who benefited a lot from the free agricultural technology school that invested 500,000 yuan in the afternoon, and there were big lunches to donate wells, and ended the generations of people who had no water. Thousands of villagers' representatives, there are white-haired old people, and children who are childish and unrelenting... They are on the same road with the flat asphalt road built by the Great afternoon, and come to see the old-fashioned grandfather and mother from all sides!

On the night of the night, the old mother who couldn't sleep, sitting alone on the dilapidated sofa in the house, looking at the faint window, always felt someone waving her hand outside the window: "Nothing. Nothing in the afternoon, come back soon. "This illusion is shaking at night in the old man's brain." She opened the door and prayed to heaven. She believes that one day someone will hear the sad and embarrassing voice of being a mother. The son walked for 158 days and the mother prayed for 158 nights!

Dakai’s father, Sun Kai, is 83 years old. He is not like his wife, but silently shed tears on his side, sometimes giving a sigh of sadness. During the day, he still walks as he used to, picking up his waist and walking on the broken road. The father of this billionaire uses this kind of labor to support himself and feed his wife. Dawu and his brothers have persuaded their parents to move into the new house and enjoy the blessings. They are willing to filial piety for the elderly. The old man has his own philosophy of life. He said: "I don't want to have a meal to open my mouth and clothes to reach out." He was afraid that others would not understand, and asked people to write a notice to post it: "We are poor and used to suffer. I am willing to eat by labor. This has nothing to do with their filial piety in the afternoon."

The old father knows that this kid is too difficult for the big lunch. His mind is very wide. He wants all the poor people to live a good life, but he manages himself very tightly and tightly: he goes out, he often has two A sizzling cake, a bowl of glutinous rice to deal with a meal; on a business trip to Ningxia, 1000 kilometers away, he also only buy hard seat tickets.

The old father must do his best to not burden his son. In the afternoon, he gave a 5,000 yuan discount to his father. The old father gave it to his son for a while. He said: "The funds for your career are also tight, I don't need it." Xiaoshun's noon is grateful to the parents for their righteous actions, often proud of the two old people. The guests who came to visit Dawucheng outside often met the sun-drenched grandfather on the roadside. They were very proud to introduce to the guests at noon: "This is my father." At this time, the old man will raise his head to full The guests with strange faces smiled kindly and slyly. The smile of the old father left a warm impression on many people's hearts. Today, the smile on the old father’s face has been gone for a long time—his son has not returned home for a long time.

When Dawu was detained, the accounts of the company and the entire family were all frozen, and the two younger brothers were also detained. The daughter-in-law and grandson were flocked to the two old people’s homes. The old father had only 10 yuan a day to earn income. It has become a reliance on the lives of seven or eight people in the family. The family has spent more than five months of hard times...

Mother and folks don’t understand: such a good person has also committed a crime?

The old mother was accompanied by a person to the detention center to find a son. She did not dare to have the hope of talking to her son. As long as she could see her son, she would be satisfied. The trembling old man came to the high wall against the scorching sun, as if to hear the breath of his son in the high wall. She leaned against the red bricks of the high wall and looked at the sun in the west. I didn't want to leave for a long time.

Inside the wall, a small one less than 10 square meters, sitting on the window by the big afternoon. Say goodbye to busy work, now he has time, you can slowly sort out your thoughts. He didn't know that the old mother who was thinking about her heart was standing in the dusty wind, and she was close at hand!

As a son, in order not to worry about his elderly mother, he felt that he should reflect on himself.

That year, he invested more than 1.6 million yuan to repair the road. Although this is a good thing for the benefit of one side, because the project did not do to people who have a relationship with the local leadership, he offended the person. As a result, the paved road was deliberately destroyed, and some people even broke into the home to beat him blood, and broke one of his phalanx into two. The old mother heard the news and wiped the blood on him with a wet towel. The old man’s distress is going to be broken, and the tears are flowing all the time, and the rubbing can’t be done. The old mother said to her son: "If you can't get rid of people, you should bow your head." Dawu said: "Mom, you never said that let your son bow!" The old mother said, "Mom, you are afraid of something." For those leaders who come and go, you will accompany them to drink and drink, give them some tips, and let them feel warmer." Dawu said: "I try to do it. Look at the poor people." It’s a day! You don’t mean that you have money, do you need to help the poor?” The old mother didn’t talk, just sighed softly. She once said proudly in front of many people: "The big afternoon is the most listening to me." But this time, how can I not listen to it in the big afternoon?

The old mother saw clearly that after the bloodshed and broken bones, the son still did his own thing. A very important leader came to discuss the matter in the afternoon. The leader said: "There is a state-owned enterprise that has encountered unprecedented difficulties and needs to inject a large sum of money. I hope the Dawu Group can donate 200,000 yuan." Said: "I can do something for them. The products of the company's food factory can send some difficult workers to them." The leader said: "If you don't help the material, take the RMB. You don't need to touch it. I, I will transfer them to them." Dawu immediately understood the intention of the leader and said: "Let me discuss with the group leadership team to discuss it." The leader said: "Consultation? Dawu Group is not yet You have the final say?" Dawu said: "But I can't talk nonsense! If you don't talk about it, don't you say it to the company? Thousands of workers are here to eat." The leader changed his face and went away.

One day in May 2002, Beijing Zhongnanhai. As a representative of Hebei private entrepreneurs, Sun Dawu and the local leaders were honored to enter the third meeting room of the State Council. The meeting did not arrange for him to speak, but he listened to the reports of some local leaders, and if he was in the throat, he had to say something. He finally grabbed the opportunity to speak and simply smashed a "firecracker". He said: "I have doubts about the per capita income of 2,600 yuan reported by farmers there. We have peasants in one acre and half of land, playing two seasons of grain, and the higher is 1000 kilograms. The protection price is 1,000 yuan. Plus a family of 5 pigs, 10 chickens, a dozen trees, the income is not as high as 2,000 yuan. Where is the 2,600 yuan?" Dawuyi spit quickly, the country’s top leaders gave him a straightforward and sincere speech. Fully affirmed. What the central leadership wants is the real situation! The face of the local leader is ugly. Isn't he the mouth of the public?

Sun Dawu’s own behavior is also manifested in the branding of his morality in the business mode of the Dawu Group. In 2000, Dawu Group Organic Fertilizer Factory faced a choice that did not need to be considered by peers: a southern company decided to order Dawu Group's products all the year round, and it would take ten car skins at a time, and even get the first payment. This is really a good deal, but because the manager of the company wants to receive a $60 rebate per ton according to the usual practice, Sun Dawu refused on the spot: "This sale is not as good as a prostitute. On the surface, it is a sale of goods, actually Selling character. Such a transaction will eventually damage the corporate image and reputation." As a result, the business was not made, and the manager of the company felt incredible.

For Sun Dawu’s “alternative”, a local county leader once said: “Sun Dawu’s word is 'noon’ and has become Sun Da Niu.”

On May 29, 2003, Sun Dawu was detained by the Xushui County Public Security Bureau. On July 4 of the same year, Sun Dawu was arrested after approval by the Xushui County People's Procuratorate. Since 1998, he has borrowed more than 13 million yuan from employees of more than 600 Dawu Group and nearby villagers, and is considered to be suspected of illegally absorbing public deposits.

The case of Sun Dawu immediately aroused widespread concern from all walks of life. First, he received extensive sympathy and support from the economics, law, private, and media sectors. Because in fact, Sun Dawu’s background of “illegally absorbing public deposits” is that private enterprises generally have no access to loans, and in order to accelerate the pace of development, they must have a large amount of funds to back them up. Sun Dawu once lamented the difficulty of the loan: "My company has more than 100 million yuan in fixed assets, but I can't get a penny!"

After the son was taken away, the old man Liu Fenglan asked others: "Is it a mistake in the big afternoon?"

Others told the elderly: "I said that he illegally raised funds."

The old mother asked again: "Is it illegal to raise funds?"

The man said: "It is the borrowing of the money of the workers and the surrounding farmers."

The old mother asked again: "Returning interest to the money, isn't that okay?"

People said: "The big afternoon is against this law."

The old mother didn't understand financial law or banking law. She only felt that she was very wrong at the big afternoon because she knew her son's thoughts too well. Dawu once painted his ideal world for his mother and folks, that is, to build a paradise of good people in Dawucheng, a world of Datong without evil, no hunger, and common prosperity. Since the development of entrepreneurship in the past 18 years, from the small farm of 1000 chickens and 50 pigs in the same year to the Dawu Group with fixed assets and annual output value of over 100 million yuan, his dream has gradually become a reality: he has invested 40 million yuan to open Dawu Middle School, the campus teaching building is very luxurious, the charge is very cheap, each student's monthly living expenses only need more than 100 yuan......

This time, the author went to the interview. A big man named Wang Xiuling told the author: "At that time there was a sentence in the afternoon, and I will remember when I die: 'I want to let people who have difficulties in the Ten Miles and Eight Towns, each one come to I work here. Everyone must have food!'"

In fact, Sun Dawu really did it. He solved the employment problem for more than 1,500 poor folks like Wang Xiuling, and paid more than 7 million yuan a year.

For such a good person, the old mother and the folks certainly can't think of what he did wrong.

A peasant-born son, sending his mother a romantic flower filled with tears Zhang Cun and Zhang Wei, who were in the fourth and third grades respectively, were a pair of little brothers and sisters from Dingxing. Their mother died early. Two years ago, his father died of illness. The younger brothers and sisters fell on the cliff of life.

After listening to people telling about the situation of the little brothers and sisters, the 100,000 noon rushed to say: "Let them come to me!" So, the little brothers and sisters were immediately taken to the Great Wall City, entered the school, lived and studied. With landing.

The news that President Sun was detained was known to the students of the Dawu School. Zhang Cun and Zhang Wei’s brothers and sisters couldn’t help but cry. They wrote a letter to the government: “We are two orphans. When we have nowhere to go, it’s big. The afternoon uncle adopted us. We want to say something to the government... Uncles and aunts, you are also women with children. If you also meet such orphans like us, uncles and aunts, like grandchildren How can a good person like the principal fall so badly? I beg you, let us have a good principal!"

In 2003, due to the SARS epidemic, the school had a holiday and the school started early. Zhang Cun and Zhang Wei were in the summer vacation. When I started school and returned to school, the director asked them to talk and said, "You have cut the tuition, there is no room and board, and the school can no longer let.


D. Carlton Rossi was put under house arrest at the same time on May 27, 2003 as he was in the process of establishing a college at the site under a cooperative agreement between Dawu Group and Red Deer College of Alberta.