D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

Civil Rights



The Civil Rights Movement in China and the Total Lunar Eclipse Tetrad of 2003-2004

It may be said that the civil rights movement in the United States gained impetus with the arrest and conviction of Martin Luther King for participation in anti-segregation mass-meetings, protests and sit-ins in Birmingham Alabama which began in April 1963.  In the “Letter from Birmingham Jail” he argued that individuals have a moral duty through non-violence to disobey unjust laws.

However, it took four decades or rather eight five-year plans for the civil rights movement to begin in China. The year 2003 marked its emergence and one remarkable man came to the forefront–-Sun Dawu. The self-educated farmer and Confucian philosopher and poet  was on the verge of establishing Dawu Red Deer College through legal contracts which had been signed  to complement Dawu Group's school of 2000 students at a model village. Agreements were also signed with several universities as well as a Dalian hotel management school and a Japanese nanny training institute while the final stages of an agreement through a member of the Youth Communist League representing a chain of Mongolian schools was forthcoming.   There was only one more thing to do. The self-educated farmer was invited to give a key-note address at Peking University in the capital. One man was listened to by many on his Confucian views held by millions of Chinese throughout the ages.  He struck a chord. 

However, local officials in Xushui, Hebei were appalled by what they considered to be unorthodox ideas and ideals in a post-modernist world of which they had little understanding.  He was admonished for having spoken publicly about issues that should have remained private. This reaction was rather perplexing to some since the word “private” did not seem to exist in China. 

It was not long afterwards that Sun Dawu was arrested on the seemingly unrelated charge of illegal fund-raising. This charge according to his defense lawyer, Dr. Xu Zhiyong (who is currently serving a four year sentence for expression of civil rights’ issues) and Dean of Law Professor Jiang Ping could “theoretically forbid all borrowing and lending outside of official channels”. 

The Great Noon Sun received unprecedented support from all quarters. They included the peasants, scholars, entrepreneurs, and net citizens. International news organizations were quick to pick up the story by labelling him as a Confucian entrepreneur and Robin Hood. As a result, the court favored him with probation as a sentence. It should be noted though that he spent 160 days in jail without bail while his businesses fell apart.

There is a complementarity of events and timelines with those in the celestial sphere. The first tetrad of lunar eclipses began in 2003.  To be specific, it was the first tetrad of four consecutive total lunar eclipses of the 21st century. On May 16, 2003 a total lunar eclipse lasting 53 minutes was viewed.  

Less than two weeks later, on May 27th 2003, Sun Dawu was arrested at a dinner party given by Party officials. Two brothers were arrested, too. The poet D. Carlton Rossi was put under house arrest without the ability to contact a lawyer.  

To highlight matters though there was another celestial phenomenon which pertained to Sun. It was an annular solar eclipse on May 31st.  As a consequence there was an extraordinary geometry displayed according to NASA. The path of the annularity ran from east to west instead of vice versa. 

The second, Total Lunar Eclipse (TLE) took place on November 09, 2003. It may well do now to define a TLE. It is where the moon traverses the Earth’s penumbral and umbral shadows. This eclipse followed Sun’s conviction and release on probation which took place on November 03, 2003.

The third, Total Lunar Eclipse took place on May 04, 2004. Prior to this date, Sun Dawu was commenting on the concept of “Original Sin” in terms of the proposed amendment to the Constitution.  He said “I can see the aim of the document is to provide a better policy environment, but I can’t see the specific benefit, at least for now”.

The final, Total Lunar Eclipse took place on Oct. 28th 2004. At this time, Sun was formulating his own far-reaching constitutional system based on models in ancient China, Great Britain and the United States. In November, the Family Based Constitution with Republican overtones was implemented on a trial basis. It was perfected over time. Five elections have ensued so far at the village level. 

The first tetrad of Total Lunar Eclipses of the 21st century which is mentioned above covers the period 2003-2004. The second tetrad which is mentioned further on covers the years 2014-2015. Only one Total Lunar Eclipse remains.  It is projected to take place on September 28th, 2015.  Recent events of tumultuous turmoil in China seem to presage a momentous occasion. To say the least there is unharmonious nous between the celestial and terrestrial. The countdown app which counts time toward that date (which is traditionally recognized as Confucius’ birthday) gets closer. 

To put it into perspective, it will be the last Total Lunar Eclipse of a double set of tetrads.  They comprise a total of eight Total Lunar Eclipses. Traditionally, September 28th marks the birth of Confucius.  An eclipse about 2500 years ago marked his birth and this year a total lunar eclipse marks his birthday.   


                                        Sun Dawu at trial in 2003


The goal of the justice system has traditionally been to protect the interests of the state not the individual and to keep the masses under control. There is no independent judiciary in China. The courts are regarded as weak and subordinate to the Communist Party and the National People's Congress. Chinese justice is not based on the idea of innocent until proven guilty. For the most part one is guilty until proven innocent. People charged with crimes are nearly always convicted and sentences are rarely overturned.

China has a constitution with laws that are not all that different from laws in Western countries. The only problem is that these laws have traditionally been ignored, interpreted in strange ways or not enforced. There is a saying in China: “Power is greater than the law, money is greater than the law and connections are greater than the law."




“Power is greater than the law, money is greater than the law and connections are greater than the law."

Isn't the above modern Chinese idiom a corruption of the following Chinese phrase?


"Look not at what is contrary to propriety; listen not to what is contrary to propriety; speak not what is contrary to propriety; make no movement which is contrary to propriety"

1. Yen Yüan asked about perfect virtue. The Master said, "To subdue one's self and return to propriety, is perfect virtue. If a man can for one day subdue himself and return to propriety, all under heaven will ascribe perfect virtue to him. Is the practice of perfect virtue from a man himself, or is it from others?"

2. Yen Yüan said, "I beg to ask the steps of that process." The Master replied, "Look not at what is contrary to propriety; listen not to what is contrary to propriety; speak not what is contrary to propriety; make no movement which is contrary to propriety." Yen Yüan then said, "Though I am deficient in intelligence and vigor, I will make it my business to practice this lesson."

Legge XII.1-2



The modern Chinese idiom is also a distortion of the Three Marks of Existence of Buddhism.

In Buddhism, the three marks of existence are three characteristics, that which is unsatisfactory or suffering (dukkha), and non-self (anattā).

These three characteristics are mentioned in verses 277, 278 and 279 of the Dhammapada.

The three marks are:

sabbe sakhārā aniccā   — "all sakhāras (conditioned things) are impermanent"
sabbe sakhārā dukkhā  — "all sakhāras are unsatisfactory"
sabbe dhammā anattā  — "all dhammas (conditioned or unconditioned things) are not self" 



With respect to Daoism the modern Chinese idiom is a perversion of Hexagram #14 or the Great Possession.

Once one is strong and lucid, one has inner autonomy and cannot be moved by anything. This is real true practice. It is like the sun being in the sky, its light shining on everything, covering everything; nothing can deceive it. Yellow sprouts cover the earth, golden flowers bloom throughout the world; wherever one may walk, everywhere is the Tao. With the greatness of possession and the far range of action, nothing started fails to develop.

 Liu Yiming, Hexagram #14 Great Possesion, The Taoist I Ching.


D.卡尔顿 罗西