D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

COVID-19 B




                                 

孙大午

3月5日 09:20 来自 iPhone客户端1644年3月

崇祯向大臣募捐,以凑齐军饷,让大明国延续几年。崇祯的期望值也不高,只需要100万两白银即可!在他眼里,百万两白银,对于积年贪腐的士大夫来说,不过尔尔,凑齐没什么问题! 然而,士大夫却不这样认为。

In March 1644, Chongzhen [Wanli] raised a donation from the Minister in order to assemble the army and let the Ming Dynasty continue for several years. Chongzhen's expectations are not high, it only needs 1 million pairs of silver! In his eyes, millions of silver are good for the doctors who have been corrupted for years, but Err, there is no problem!

However, scholars do not think so.



One might draw the conclusion that Li Wenliang was not corrupted by money and spoke out about a perceived medical threat to the people despite censure and admonitions from officials.







                        


The last emperor of Ming China hung himself behind the Forbidden City, 1644.



Beginning in the 1630s in the northern Shaanxi province, a minor Ming official called Li Zicheng gathered followers from the disenchanted peasantry. In February of 1644, Li captured the old capital of Xi'an and declared himself the first emperor of the Shun Dynasty. His armies marched east, capturing Taiyuan and heading toward Beijing.

With growing alarm, the Chongzhen Emperor of Ming watched the rebel troops under Li Zicheng advance toward Beijing. His most effective general, Wu Sangui, was far away, north of the Great Wall. The emperor sent for Wu, and also issued a general summons on April 5 for any available military commander in the Ming Empire to come to Beijing's rescue. It was no use—on April 24, Li's army broke through the city walls and captured Beijing. The Chongzhen Emperor hanged himself from a tree behind the Forbidden City.

A final, huge cause [of the fall of the Ming Dynasty] was the shifting climate and disruptions to the monsoon cycle of rains. Heavy rains brought devastating floods, particularly of the Yellow River, which swamped farmers' land and drowned livestock and people alike. With crops and stock destroyed, the people went hungry, a sure-fire prescription for peasant uprisings. Indeed, the fall of the Ming Dynasty was the sixth time in Chinese history that a long-standing empire was brought down by peasant rebellion following famine.


Szczepanski, Kallie. "The Fall of the Ming Dynasty in China in 1644." ThoughtCo, Feb. 11, 2020, thoughtco.com/the-fall-of-the-ming-dynasty-3956385.








                       


Report: China Made Epidemic Worse by Censoring Coronavirus News

John Hayward


March 04, 2020


A report published by the University of Toronto’s Citizen Lab on Tuesday charged the Chinese government with heavily censoring news and discussion of the coronavirus outbreak beginning at the end of December.

The report noted that China’s broad censorship practices could “restrict vital communication related to disease information and prevention.”

The timing of China’s censorship is crucial, as the last week of December was the period when whistleblower doctors in Wuhan began warning colleagues about an epidemic the government refused to acknowledge.

The most famous of those doctors, Li Wenliang, was arrested and threatened for spreading “false rumors,” remodeled as a hero of the Communist Party once the existence of the Wuhan virus could no longer be concealed, and killed by the virus at the beginning of February – at which point the Communist Party tried to conceal his death for as long as possible.

Of particular interest to those considering commercial and technical relations with Chinese companies is Citizen Lab’s observation that much of the censorship was performed by nominally “private” corporations such as Tencent, the owner of WeChat. Long before government censors begin stepping in to delete posts the Communist Party doesn’t like, Chinese corporations are searching for blacklisted phrases and automatically suppressing messages that pass through their servers.


https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2020/03/04/report-china-made-epidemic-worse-censoring-coronavirus-news/



Tencent Weibo with its is treating free speech like a virus which needs to be irradicated.











                                     


                                  Li Wenliang  李文亮



七年学医生涯,毕业后的李文亮成了一名眼科医生,从2011年起,他在厦门大学附属厦门眼科中心工作。

吴洁(化名)是李文亮在厦门工作时的同事和朋友,他们曾先后去厦门大学附属厦门眼科中心的福州分院轮转。吴洁回忆,“被同一个主任骂过,同样整理病例到崩溃。”

工作中,李文亮并不含糊。一位与他同批进院的同事在接受采访时表示,有一次整整三个月,李文亮跟着医院前辈下基层,去厦门和周边村里做公益服务,为村民看眼睛。那时李文亮很年轻,很受患者们的喜欢。多位同事对他的印象是,勤奋、积极。

医生李文亮的生活忙碌而不失有趣。吴洁告诉南都记者,那时,李文亮很爱发朋友圈,尤其爱发美食的照片。

在李文亮的微博里,属于厦门的3年半时间,他发了超过1000条微博。“满脑子都是美食,数码,游戏,他是我工作以后接触过最单纯的大男孩。”吴洁告诉南都记者。

2014年,李文亮决定回到武汉。李文亮的父母在接受媒体采访时表示,这是为了能和在武汉的女朋友团聚。市中心医院眼科诊室,李文亮都会在这里坐诊。



https://new.qq.com/omn/20200210/20200210A00IX300.html







                                      


厦门大学附属厦门眼科中心  Xiamen Eye Center Affiliated to Xiamen University




The following provides a brief description of Dr. LI Wenliang's work history in Xiamen, Fujian Province along with a more personal account as given by a colleague.



After seven years of medical studies, Li Wenliang became an ophthalmologist after graduation. Since 2011, he has worked in Xiamen Eye Center, affiliated to Xiamen University.

Wu Jie (pseudonym) is a colleague and friend of Li Wenliang while working in Xiamen. They have been to the Fuzhou Branch of Xiamen Eye Center, Xiamen University. Wu Jie recalled, "I was scolded by the same director, and the case was sorted out to collapse."

At work, Li Wenliang was unambiguous. A colleague who was admitted to the hospital with him in the same batch said in an interview that for a full three months, Li Wenliang followed the hospital seniors to the grassroots level to go to Xiamen and surrounding villages to do public service and look at the villagers' eyes. At that time, Li Wenliang was very young and liked by the patients. Many colleagues impressed him as hardworking and positive.

Doctor Li Wenliang's life is busy and fun. Wu Jie told Nandu reporters that at that time, Li Wenliang was very fond of making friends, especially photos of food.

In Li Wenliang's Weibo, which belongs to Xiamen for 3 and a half years, he posted more than 1,000 Weibos. "My head is full of food, digital, and games. He is the simplest big boy I have ever met after work." Wu Jie told Nandu reporter.

In 2014, Li Wenliang decided to return to Wuhan. Li Wenliang's parents said in an interview with the media that this was to reunite with their girlfriend in Wuhan. In the eye clinic of the Central Hospital, Li Wenliang will see here.

While Li Wenliang may be most closely associated with the city of Wuhan because he graduated as an ophthalmologist from its university and later returned to work and establish a family in Wuhan while finally acting as a whistleblower in the coronavirus crisis; nevertheless, he worked in Xiamen, Fujian Province for several years. Specifically, he worked at the the Xiamen Eye Center of Xiamen University (厦门大学厦门眼科中心).





It was at the Xiamen Eye Center that this author may have met Dr. Li Wenliang (李文亮) who was an ophthalmologist. I visited the center in order to get a new pair of glasses. They had one of the most advanced optometry operations in the world at this location. One's vision was measured by computer, the lenses made on the premises and the glasses were ready within an hour. I had two, eye examinations which were on 2013/1/25 and 2014/2/24.

I also consulted with a Chinese doctor. I have a first-hand witness to the conversation. We met in perhaps the smallest office I've ever been in. It was more like a closet with a large desk in it and two chairs in front. My first impression was that he was young looking for an ophthalmologist. He was under thirty. He introduced himself to me by his English name. Therefore, I never knew his Chinese name. The doctor was quite friendly and kind. In a professional manner, he answered all my questions about "astigmatism" with which I'm afflicted. I wanted assurance that a computer examination would be accurate for this condition. He assured me it was. I was quite satisfied with his explanation and the new lenses. In retrospect, I believe there was a resemblance between the doctor I met and the picture I saw in January 2020.




                       



I then told him that I was the first person to design a Chinese eye chart. He showed some interest. I explained that it uses the character 山 which means mountain. The character seems to point like a finger and the whole chart called 山上山 or mountain over mountain also points like a finger. The name of the chart though is not written horizontally but rather vertically like old Chinese script.

He asked me to send a copy of it to him by email. He wrote down his email address. I still have the address. I won't divulge it here due to confidentiality issues. The address includes his English name and then another well known full name in the entertainment industry which was related to the given name.

You'll see the eye chart that I sent him on my website. I call it a poem ie. a l'mage poem. It can be found at the following address:


https://sundawu.ca/Poetic_Analytics_1.html
























                                     


Coronavirus: there are 2 types, Chinese researchers find, while authorities say faeces and urine can transmit the infection



Gigi Choy and Teddy Ng

Updated: 7:04pm, 4 Mar, 2020

The coronavirus has evolved into two major types, with differing transmission rates and geographical distribution, according to a study published in the National Science Review on Tuesday.

A group of Chinese scientists analysed 103 coronavirus genomes and identified mutations in 149 sites across the strains.

They found that one type, which they called the L type, was more prevalent than the other, the S type, meaning it was more infectious. They also found that the L type had evolved from the S type, and that the L type was far more widespread before January 7 and in Wuhan, ground zero of the outbreak.

Human actions soon after the outbreak was discovered in December may have changed the abundance of each type, the report said, citing the Chinese central and local governments’ drastic containment measures including lock downs of cities, which it said may have curbed the spread of the L type.










The author is revising his understanding of this article. There are several problems with the article. First, it is based on a report presented a day earlier in the National Science Review which the author has not viewed and details of which are not presented in the article. Second, it is based on a small sampling of 103 coronavirus genomes which may have been taken between December 31 and January 7. It was on December 31 that the outbreak was announced to the WHO. The date of discovery though is not given which presumably is before December 31, 2019. Is the article trying to imply that the date of announcement and discovery were on the same day?

The article basically is justifying the use of drastic containment which lessened the prevalence or abundance of the L type. The problem with this viewpoint is that there simply was not drastic containment during the week between December 31, 2019 and January 7, 2020. Bullet trains were running. Planes were flying. Cars were travelling.

Actually, the author misread the article. He has had to draw up a chart to illustrate the viewpoint presented. It implies that the S type evolved (in a week's time?) into a more infectious and more prevalent (more abundant) L type. His misreading was partially due to a case of cognitive dissonance. The reason is that he had read a previous article published by Nankai University in Tianjin on February 14, 2020. It said that COVID-I9 shares 80% of its DNA with SARS. I'm guessing therefore that the S type mentioned in the March 05 article stands for SARS. The S type could only bind to ACE2 which is rare. However, COVID-19 is more infectious because it does not have this inhibition.

The earlier paper says that "Unlike Sars though, the novel Coronavirus has a section of genes that are absent from the Sars genome". The mutated genes in the novel coronavirus bear resemblance to genes found in HIV and Ebola. This apparently makes novel coronavirus more infectious. This means that coronavirus places the emphasis on quantity rather than quality as does SARS. It can kill more people because it can infect more people even though the mortality rate is less. The mortality rate of SARS is 11%. It is therefore much higher than COVID-19 at 2.3%.

It is necessary though to look at the mortality rate of HIV and Ebola. The fatality rate of untreated HIV/AIDS is 80-90%. The fatality rate of untreated and unvaccinated Ebola is 83-90%. The fatality rate is about equal for these diseases. However, while HIV/AIDS does not kill in a matter of days it is a fact that Ebola does.

It is difficult to understand how genes found in HIV and Ebola were introduced into novel coronavirus. The probability that it occurs naturally is remote. One can speculate therefore that it was a result of deliberate long term gene experimentation and manipulation over a period of years. Initially, the stated purpose of the project at the NMI was to find a vaccine for Ebola. It seems though that some had other motives of which the most benign might be commercial. The breach in protocol at the NMI (National Microbiology Institute) in Winnipeg which compromised national security seems to have have been mirrored as a breach of protocol at WIV (Wushan Institute of Virology) in Wuhan which jeopardizes world security. World-wide containment of the novel coronavirus is an unlikely scenario.

One can speak of containment with respect to walling off cities, but it seems that the COVID-19 with mutated genes was not contained within the highest level 4 (BSL-4) facility of the Wuhan Institute of Virology which only received its designation in January 2017. There seems to be some connection with the deportation of Dr. Qiu Xianggue on July 5, 2019 from the NMI lab in Winnipeg to apparent problems at WIV in Wuhan. It so happens that Dr. Qiu Xiangguo is an expert in coronaviruses and Ebola.

One might look at the issue in a different way. It is accepted that most cases of COVID-19 are mild. Cases may be asymptomatic, too. In most cases, recovery takes place. There is a higher incidence of fatality where a person is older and may have other underlying diseases. The immune system may already be weakened. However, one might speculate that the mutated Ebola genes with a higher fatality rate may quickly trigger the immune system in some people to overreact due to sepsis thus flooding the lungs with immune cells. The result is that a mild disease quickly transforms into a deadly one.


revised March 05, 2020















                         



Rosemary Gibson: Congress Is Ignoring U.S. Dependence on Chinese Drugs Amidst Coronavirus Outbreak

A tentative $6-8 billion “emergency funding” bill to address the coronavirus outbreak does nothing to lessen America’s dependence on China for supplies of basic and essential medicines, said Rosemary Gibson, author of China Rx: Exposing the Risks of America’s Dependence on China for Medicine.

“Western companies are dropping products because they can’t compete with China,” Gibson stated. “China started bringing generic drugs into the United States. About nine percent of our generics now are coming from China.

Gibson listed antidepressants, medicines for diabetes and blood pressure, dialysis, surgery, Alzheimer’s disease, HIV/AIDS, epilepsy, and Parkinson’s disease as among those manufactured in China and sent to the U.S.

Gibson characterized U.S. dependence on Chinese exports of medicines as a national security threat.


https://www.breitbart.com/radio/2020/03/03/rosemary-gibson-congress-ignoring-u-s-dependence-chinese-drugs/




A similar situation has existed with rare earths for the last three decades in terms of a national security threat. The problem has not been so much with China, but rather our shortsightedness about what is really important. China has only taken advantage of the situation in their own self-interest.

As a person who has lived in China for sometime I've benefited by access to generic drugs. Even with an expired prescription I could walk into almost any pharmacy and talk my way into a renewal.  I'd also say that about one in four pharmacies would give me a prescribed drug whether or not I had a previous prescription or a present one. Patient heal thyself.

One can also consider TCM or Traditional Chinese Medicine as a kind of pharmacopeia of generic medicine that has existed for thousands of years without patent. Describe your symptoms to the pharmacist and he/she will concoct a potion.









                        

Coronavirus: will China’s economy shrink for the first time since the Cultural Revolution in 1976?


Plunges in official and private sector purchasing managers’ indices amid the coronavirus outbreak prompted sharp revisions of economic forecasts


South China Morning Post

Zhou Zin


March 03, 2020


The odds are rising that China will report a sharp deceleration in growth – or even a contraction in the economy – in the first quarter as a result of the impact of the coronavirus epidemic.

The outbreak has paralysed the country’s manufacturing and service sectors, putting Beijing in the difficult position of either forgoing its economic growth goal for 2020 or returning to its old playbook of massive debt-fuelled economic stimulus to support growth.

Several are even expecting the once unthinkable scenario in which China’s economy posts a zero growth rate or even an absolute contraction compared to the previous quarter, even though the weakness is likely to be only short-lived.

A contraction in first quarter growth would be the first since the end of the Cultural Revolution in 1976.

If China still wants to achieve an average 5.6 per cent growth for 2020, it would have to engineer a growth rate of as high as 12.7 per cent in the second half of the year, according to the report by Bert Hofman, Sarah Tong and Li Yao.



https://www.scmp.com/economy/china-economy/article/3064821/coronavirus-will-chinas-economy-shrink-first-time-cultural






The following statistics regarding the relative value of the Chinese yuan with the US dollar and gold pretty well sum up market sentiment. 



                          Currencies Exchanges Gold


NY Time X = 1 USD Change % X USD = 1 Price / oz Change Change %

Chinese Yuan 03/03-09:23 6.9722 -0.21% 0.1434 11177.13 +109.85 0.99%



https://www.kitco.com









                  



Bitter harvest for China’s farmers as coronavirus keeps country in lockdown


Crops are rotting in fields as workers are forced to stay at home and transport links are cut

Poultry breeders and vegetable growers are among the hardest hit, authorities say

Mandy Zuo in Shanghai


Updated: 8:48am, March 2, 2020


Beijing-based consulting firm BRIC Agri-Info Group estimates that across mainland China, more than 3 million tonnes of farm produce, mostly perishable vegetables, has been left unsold due to disruptions in the transport chain.

Other sectors of the agricultural industry are also hurting as farmers struggle to sell their goods or find enough workers.

Poultry breeders are among this worst hit by the crisis, according to authorities and industry observers.

In Pingyang county in the eastern province of Zhejiang, Xie Chuanzao said he had lost hundreds of thousands of yuan because he could not sell his chickens. Xie has more than 20,000 birds on his farm and has to keep paying to feed the mature birds until he can find a buyer.

The epidemic is yet another blow for rural China, where incomes are about 40 per cent of the urban average and much of the country’s poverty is concentrated.

Professor Zheng Fengtian, from the school of agricultural economics and rural development at Renmin University in Beijing, warned that the effects could be longer term for migrant workers.

“Many of them worked in the service industry in urban areas, such as hair salons or restaurants, which have yet to resume business,” Zheng said.




https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3053085/bitter-harvest-chinas-farmers-coronavirus-keeps-country-lockdown







 
                       



Coronavirus-hit China now reports H5N1 outbreak in Hunan province, culls 18,000 chickens


Unlike coronavirus, H5N1 avian flu rarely infects humans and is not known to be communicable. Sandhya Ramesh February 3, 2020 Bengaluru: After a deadly outbreak of the novel coronavirus, Chinese authorities have now confirmed a highly pathogenic strain of the H5N1 bird flu in Hunan province. Almost 18,000 chickens have been culled in Shaoyang city in the southern province of Hunan as a result of the outbreak, China’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement. The avian flu has not been reported in humans so far. Of the 7,850 chickens on the farm where the outbreak has occurred, 4,500 had died of the H5N1 avian flu.




The first report of a human infection with Asian H5N1 in the Americas was in Canada on January 8, 2014 and occurred in a traveler recently returning from China. Although human infections with this virus are rare, approximately 60% of the cases have died.










                         



抗击疫情 ,大午在行动

添加时间:2020-02-13 09:51:04


Fighting the epidemic, noon in action

Add time: 2020-02-13 09:51:04


On January 28, Dawu Group timely called for the release of livestock and poultry transportation, leaving a life channel and reducing the adverse impact on people's livelihood caused by road closures.

On January 31st, in response to the epidemic, Big Noon Breeding Company provided free delivery service for 5 kilometers, and the price of eggs was 3.5 yuan per catty. At the same time, the food company provided all kinds of food for the employees in the group to ensure the supply.

On February 2nd, Dawu Group delivered meat and egg food (valued at 300,000 yuan) for front-line workers in Xushui District. More than 200 cadres and workers in 26 departments of the Great Wu Hospital have called for support from the front line of epidemic prevention.


http://www.dawugroup.com/news/news185.html











                         



Jimmy Lai: Pro-democracy media tycoon arrested and charged

BBC News


February 28, 2020


One of Hong Kong's most high-profile entrepreneurs, pro-democracy tycoon Jimmy Lai, has been charged with illegal assembly and intimidation.

The illegal assembly charge relates to a banned anti-government march on 31 August, which Mr Lai is accused of attending.

The intimidation charge relates to a clash with a journalist in 2017.

The journalist Mr Lai is accused of intimidating is from news outlet Oriental Daily - a major rival of Apple Daily that's seen as being pro-Beijing.

The newspaper Mr Lai founded, Apple Daily, is frequently critical of Hong Kong and Chinese leadership.

Two other pro-democracy figures, politicians Lee Cheuk-yan and Yeung Sum, were also arrested on Friday.


https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-51669453










                             



A worker wore a face mask on a production line manufacturing cables at a factory in China’s Guizhou province on Tuesday.
Photo: China Daily/Reuters


Thomas Gryta and Russell Adams


March 1, 2020


Coronavirus Is Different. Almost No Company Is Safe.


Companies have endured financial meltdowns, civil wars and natural disasters. But nothing in modern memory has dented both demand and supply so quickly for so many industries as the coronavirus.

China is a key supplier of chemical and raw materials used by many pharmaceutical manufacturers, a potential problem for popular blood-pressure medicines and several older antibiotics that are no longer manufactured in the U.S.

Experts believe China is also the only maker of key ingredients in a class of decades-old antibiotics known as cephalosporins, which treat a range of bacterial infections including pneumonia.



https://www.wsj.com/articles/coronavirus-is-different-almost-no-company-is-safe-11583064000
















Image Copyright NASA


Coronavirus: Nasa images show China pollution clear amid slowdown

9 hours ago
 

Satellite images have shown a dramatic decline in pollution levels over China, which is "at least partly" due to an economic slowdown prompted by the coronavirus, US space agency Nasa says.

Nasa maps show falling levels of nitrogen dioxide this year.

It comes amid record declines in China's factory activity as manufacturers stop work in a bid to contain coronavirus.

Nasa scientists said the reduction in levels of nitrogen dioxide - a noxious gas emitted by motor vehicles and industrial facilities - was first apparent near the source of the outbreak in Wuhan city but then spread across the country.

Nasa compared the first two months of 2019 with the same period this year. Image copyright NASA

The space agency noted that the decline in air pollution levels coincided with restriction imposed on transportation and business activities, and as millions of people went into quarantine.

"This is the first time I have seen such a dramatic drop-off over such a wide area for a specific event," Fei Liu, an air quality researcher at Nasa's Goddard Space Flight Center, said in a statement.

She added that she had observed a decline in nitrogen dioxide levels during the economic recession in 2008, but said that decrease was more gradual.

Nasa noted that China's Lunar New Year celebrations in late January and early February have been linked to decreases in pollution levels in the past. But it said they normally increase once the celebrations are over.

"This year, the reduction rate is more significant than in past years and it has lasted longer," Ms Liu said.

"I am not surprised because many cities nationwide have taken measures to minimise spread of the virus."













                        



Excellent Caixin piece on COVID-19: who knew what and when


Donald Clarke


February 28, 2020


This story needs to be known more widely. It tells us some very important details about the early days of the virus. They already had the genome sequencing of the virus as early as Dec 27, and were told by higher authorities to destroy all samples and keep all data secret on January 1. And on Jan 3 the central government issued Document No. 3 to ban testing of samples and disclosure of any findings without authorization from the highest authorities.

This means Beijing knew what was going on all along and chose to keep the public and the world in the dark instead of deploying serious efforts to contain the disease when it could still be contained locally. Its responsibility for causing this mess to the Chinese people and the world is undeniable, though these days they are very aggressive in mobilizing its propaganda machine to control the narrative about it globally. It is amazing to watch Beijing attacking travel restrictions and all precautionary measures by US and Taiwan etc. as overreaction and racist, while criticizing Japan, Korea, Italy, and Iran for being too slow and too complacent and blaming them for the recent outbreak there now, as if all countries in the world are either overreacting or under-reacting and the Chinese government is the only one that does the perfectly right thing.

What is even more amazing is that the WHO appears to be playing along with Beijing’s playbook, telling the world not to overreact and downplaying the seriousness of the virus instead of urging China to be more transparent in the early days, and now accusing other countries which got the outbreaks from China for not reacting quickly and aggressively enough….

The whole thing is just dismal to watch, not only in an epidemiological sense but also in a political sense.



https://thechinacollection.org/excellent-caixin-piece-covid-19-knew/










                         


A worker sterilises a path at the Youan Hospital in Beijing on Feb 14, 2020. The hospital is one of twenty hospitals in Beijing treating coronavirus patients.


In Depth: How Early Signs of a SARS-Like Virus Were Spotted, Spread, and Throttled


By Gao Yu, Peng Yanfeng, Yang Rui, Feng Yuding, Ma Danmeng, Flynn Murphy, Han Wei and Timmy Shen

February 29, 2020 Test results from multiple labs in December suggested that there was an outbreak of a highly infectious virus. However, the results failed to trigger a response that could have prepared the public, despite being fed into an infectious disease control system that was designed to alert China's top health officials about outbreaks.

The revelations show how health officials missed early opportunities to control the virus in the initial stages of the outbreak, as questions mount about who knew what and when, and whether these actions helped the disease to spread.

As early as Dec 27, a Guangzhou-based genomics company had sequenced most of the virus from fluid samples from the lung of a 65-year old deliveryman who worked at the seafood market where many of the first cases emerged. The results showed an alarming similarity to the deadly Sars coronavirus that killed nearly 800 people between 2002 and 2003.

Around that time, local doctors sent at least eight other patient samples from hospitals around Wuhan to multiple Chinese genomics companies, including industry heavyweight BGI, as they worked to determine what was behind a growing number of cases of unexplained respiratory disease. The results all pointed to a dangerous Sars-like virus.

That was days before China notified the World Health Organisation (WHO) on Dec 31 about the emergence of an unidentified infectious disease, two weeks before it shared the virus' genome sequence with the world, and crucially, more than three weeks before Chinese authorities confirmed publicly that the virus was spreading between people.

This story was originally published by Caixin Global.



https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/how-early-signs-of-the-coronavirus-were-spotted-spread-and-throttled-in-china


  








                    




Coronavirus: Plague Inc. game banned in China


February 28, 2020


A game which challenges players to spread a deadly virus around the world has been banned in China, its makers have said.

Plague Inc. has been pulled from the Chinese app store for including "illegal content", British-based developer Ndemic Creations said.

"It's not clear to us if this removal is linked to the ongoing coronavirus outbreak that China is facing. However, Plague Inc.'s educational importance has been repeatedly recognised by organisations like the CDC [Centre for Disease Control and Prevention] and we are currently working with major global health organisations to determine how we can best support their efforts to contain and control Covid-19."

It said that it was "devastated" for its Chinese players, adding that the game "encourages players to think and learn more about serious public health issues".

Plague Inc. has become a huge hit since it was launched eight years ago. It now has 130 million players worldwide and soared in popularity in China amid the coronavirus outbreak, becoming the bestselling app in the country in January.