D. Carlton Rossi
               

                   孙大午      SUN DAWU

                   大正午      The Great Noon

 



       




                                        






                                         






                                           





                      The Poet and Philosopher Sun


SUN Dawu (孙大午) and I have had a friendly disagreement. I call him a philosopher rather than a poet. He says he is a poet. He makes a similar charge of me. He calls me a philosopher and regards my poetry as philosophical. The truth is we are both philosophers and poets. Of course, he is much more as a social entrepreneur, China's conscience and designer of the first Private Entrepreneurial Constitutional System (私人创业宪政制度) in China (2004). As you may notice, I call him "Sun" here which is his surname and Mr. Sun to his face even though he has given me permission to use his given name. I treat him with the utmost respect.

His most famous poem is called "Motherland, I've got too many complaints of you." It is translated here in English. You may wish to review it as it was written while he was in prison in the year 2003.




Motherland, I’ve got too many complaints of you


Don’t blame me for that.
Because your ugliness
Just stands for me.

Motherland, I’ve got too many complaints of you
Don’t blame me for that.
Because I’m a filial son to you
You can by all means torture me.

Motherland, I'v got too many complaints of you
Don’t blame me for that.
Because I know of you
So you can face off me.



You will want to compare it to another poem called "And so you go home" written on the seventeenth year anniversary of his arrest on May 27, 2003. It is like the song of a periodical cicada awakening to life from its underground inactivity. In Chinese tradition, the cicada symbolizes rebirth and immortality.


孙大午 5月27日 16:31 来自 iPhone客户端
今天5.27,慢慢的会忘记!

等你回家
等你
树叶不肯飘落
等你
鲜花不肯谢去
在多雨的季节里
你没有一声道别就悄然离去
五个月被磨盘碾压的日子
牵挂 压抑
恐惧 焦虑
再听不到厂歌校歌高亢的旋律
白天如黑夜般死寂
黑夜如噩梦般惊悸
盼望着 你平安归来
等待着 你早出囹圄
想象着 你黑夜中怎样用黑色的眼睛寻找光明
阴霾里 你如何用如炬的智慧叩问公理
我们坚信你有礁石般的坚强
坚信你不会倒下 你顶天立地
却没想到你还有海洋般的博大
为了白发苍苍的父母
为了患难与共的兄弟
为了集团的航船
为了新村的图画
为了农民的苦难
为了理想的大厦
你把屈辱的罪名接下
有谁懂你苦涩的泪水为何透湿红马甲
幼稚的人可以壮烈地死
成熟的人能够屈辱地活
终于阴云散开阳光洒满大地
你回来了
伟岸的身影温暖了一颗颗牵挂的心
你回来了
执着的脚步踏响了机器的轰鸣
你回来了
你的泪水湿润了我们的眼睛

捧上一束鲜花
为了曾经荒芜的往昔
燃起鞭炮吧
为了复兴的厂区
敲起开心的锣鼓
为了飘扬的校旗
昨天的辉煌今天继续
明天的太阳从这里升起



And so you go home


Waiting for you
Leaves will not fall
Waiting for you
Flowers will not refuse
In rainy season
You leave quietly without saying a word
Five months of being crushed
Care about
Fear anxiety
I can't hear the high-pitched melody of the school song
Day is dead like night
The night is horrified like a nightmare
Looking forward to your return
Waiting for you to get out of bed early
Imagine how you look for light with black eyes in the dark
In the haze, how can you use a torch of wisdom to ask axioms
We firmly believe that you have reef strength
Firmly believe that you will not fall down
But I didn't expect you to have an ocean-like broadness
For the gray-haired parents
For the brothers in trouble
For the group's ships
For the picture of Sinchon
For the suffering of farmers
For the ideal building
You took the charge of humiliation
Does anyone understand why your bitter tears soaked the red vest
Naive people can die with great force
Mature people can live humiliatingly
Finally the clouds spread out and the sun spread over the earth
You're back
Wei An's figure warmed the hearts
You're back
Persistent footsteps sounded the roar of the machine You're back
Your tears wet our eyes

Holding a bunch of flowers
For the once barren past
Fire a firecracker
For the revival of the factory
Beat happy gongs
For the flying school flag
Yesterday ’s glory continues today
Tomorrow's sun rises from here


At midpoint between his arrest in 2003 and the seventeenth anniversary of his arrest, he answers a question posed by a reporter. He recites a poem in English by Langston Hughes called "Dreams" which first appeared in 1922 in World Tomorrow. Then he goes on to explain it.




孙大午事件 (Sun Dawu Incident)

March 16, 2011

3. The double-election meeting for job hunting after graduation has become a single-election meeting, and there are problems with the current concept of employment for college students. Please urge students to go to the Midwest. How do you view the gap between college students' ideals and reality?


Sun Dawu: You are the first to ask me to do my best. It depends on whether people give me this opportunity. The second is ideal and reality. I think this ideal can never be shattered, but it must be a realistic choice. I will recite an English poem called Dreams to everyone:

"Dreams" (1922)

Hold fast to dreams
For if dreams die
Life is a broken-winged bird
That cannot fly.

Hold fast to dreams
For when dreams go
Life is a barren field
Frozen with snow.



"Frozen with snow" means to hold on to your dream. Once your dream dies, your life and your pursuit will be shattered. Just like a bird without wings, you can't fly. This ideal is in conflict with reality, and we must not let this ideal be shattered. In other words, you must always be prepared to use your strengths. There is nothing wrong with a realistic choice. Finding a job or staying in Beijing are both very realistic choices. During the May Fourth Movement, most of the children of landlords and capitalists went to school. They had food and clothing before they could pursue their ideals. For example, Zhou Enlai, he was born as a big capitalist, Mao Zedong was a landlord, and he was in the library of Peking University. People look down upon. Our current students are different. You ask him to consider military affairs. I said that it is not realistic. Some students pursue the reality and stay in Beijing for postgraduate entrance examinations. It is very understandable for them to find a good job. But your ideals cannot be shattered, and your conscience cannot be lost in the slightest. Chairman Mao also said that the world is yours and ours, but in the final analysis it is yours. But I want to say is that this world is ours, and this world is ours now. Our responsibilities have not yet been fulfilled. Those who attended the meeting yesterday were Li Changping, Hu Xingdou, and Yu Jianrong. They are all people of the same age as me. We will do our best to fulfill our responsibilities. Even if this wheel of history is on us, Pushing forward is also our achievement, and we have to push, too! There may be setbacks in your life, but your ideals and goals, and the conscience of serving the Chinese nation must not be lost at all! I hope students will contribute to the country.


3.毕业找工作双选会已经成单选会,现在的大学生就业观念有问题。请您呼吁学生去中西部,请问怎么看待大学生理想和现实间的差距?
答:你第一个请求我尽力作到,得看人家给不给我这个机会。第二个就是理想与现实,我想这个理想永远不能破灭,但也要现实的选择。我给大家朗诵一首英文诗:


Dreams (1922)

Hold fast to dreams
For if dreams die
Life is a broken-winged bird
That cannot fly.

Hold fast to dreams
For when dreams go
Life is a barren field
Frozen with snow.



“Frozen with snow”意思就是要紧紧抓住你的梦想,一旦你的梦想死去,你的生命你的追求也就破灭了,就象鸟儿一样没有了翅膀你就不能飞了。这个理想和现实是有冲突的,一定不要让这个理想破灭。也就是说你得时刻准备着发挥你的长处。现实的选择没有错,找一个工作或者留在北京这都是非常现实的选择。“五四”那时候上学都是地主资本家的孩子居多,他们先有了温饱才有了理想的追求,你比如说周恩来,他是大资本家出身的,毛泽东是地主,他在北大图书馆是被人瞧不起的。咱们现在的学生可不一样,你叫他考虑军国大事我说那是不太现实,有的同学追求现实考研留在北京,找一个好工作这是非常让人理解的。但你的理想不能破灭,你的良知不能有丝毫的丧失。毛主席也说过,世界是你们的也是我们的,但归根结底是你们的。但是我要说这个世界是我们的,这个世界现在是我们的。我们的责任还没有尽到,昨天参加会的还有李昌平、胡星斗、于建嵘,都是和我同一时代的人,我们会竭尽全力尽我们的责任,这个历史的车轮在我们身上哪怕向前推进一步,也是我们的成绩,我们也得推!在你生活中可能有挫折的,但是你这个理想和目标、报效中华民族的良知一点都不能丢!希望同学们为国家作出贡献。


https://wenku.baidu.com/view/3ec1b0fa770bf78a652954e2.html



On Sun's second arrest on November 11, 2020 I'd like to reprint for educational purposes two more poems written by Langson Hughes roughly 30 years later. Whether or not Sun gets to read them while in prison is unlikely, but they may reflect what he is feeling. However, in a general sense they refer to China's "Dream" of civil rights and democracy which has been deferred.


"Dream Boogie" (1951)

Good morning, daddy!
Ain’t you heard
The boogie-woogie rumble
Of a dream deferred?

Listen closely:
You’ll hear their feet
Beating out and beating out a—
You think
It’s a happy beat?


Harlem (1951)

What happens to a dream deferred?
Does it dry up
like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore—
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over—
like a syrupy sweet?
Maybe it just sags
like a heavy load.
Or does it explode?



Langston Hughes, "Harlem" from The Collected Works of Langston Hughes. Copyright © 2002 by Langston Hughes. Reprinted by permission of Harold Ober Associates, Inc.

Poet Langston Hughes in Harlem. (Photo by Robert W. Kelley/The LIFE Picture Collection via Getty Images)


https://www.poetryfoundation.org/articles/150907/langston-hughes-harlem



D. Carlton Rossi
2020年10月28日







                            


                 


                                                            The Trial  (2003)




Dawu Group’s Concept of ‘Constitutional Labor-Capital Republic’ and Its Model of ‘Open Governance and Co-Prosperity’

Wang Jiangsong, November 24, 2020


1. The ‘constitutional labor-capital republic’ and ‘open governance and co-prosperity’ private enterprise model

2. Separation of powers and mutual checks and balances between the supervisory board (ownership), the board of directors (policy making) and the governing council (executive power)

3. Workers’ unions as a bridge between labor and management

4. Lifelong employment, internal insurance and free in-house medical care for all employees





Yang Jianli: Sun Dawu case embodies multiple social significance



Posting time: 20/11/2020-17:44


Chinese farmer entrepreneur Sun Dawu was taken away by the police in the early morning of November 11, 2020. The brief information released by the Hebei Public Security Network Department showed that he was accused of "picking quarrels and provoking troubles, sabotaging production and operation and other illegal activities." According to "China News Weekly" later reports, not only Sun Dawu and his wife, but also his son, daughter-in-law, and group executives were arrested. A total of 28 people were arrested. Mr. Yang Jianli, the founder of Citizen Force, a non-governmental organization that focuses on the Chinese rights movement based in Washington, USA, believes that the Sun Dawu case is a case of political persecution, which represents different levels of social significance.



The Sun Dawu case is a political persecution case



Fa Guang: First of all, are you surprised that Sun Dawu was arrested again?

Yang Jianli: "I am not very surprised, because Sun Dawu is a very typical Chinese private entrepreneur. The so-called "typical" refers to a "heterogeneous" private entrepreneur. He has several characteristics. One is that he himself is very upright. Basically, during his entire development process, he did not blend with the government; in addition, he had another role. He was not only a representative of private entrepreneurs, but his problems represented rural problems in China. He was a squire in rural China. There have always been conflicts of one kind or another with the regime, and in these conflicts, he has never surrendered. So his case has several meanings. One is the problem of the fate of private entrepreneurs, and the other is the problem of the development of Chinese villages. Another issue is China’s rural autonomy and the fate of the country gentry. That is to say, the Sun Dawu case has multiple social significance. Because of his constant conflict with public power, and he has not yielded. As a very successful private entrepreneur he also controls a certain amount of resources in society. He must be a major concern for the government. It will happen sooner or later. This is not the first time he has been arrested and persecuted."



Refer to address below for full interview in Chinese


https://www.rfi.fr/cn/中国

Audio: 14:18

https://www.rfi.fr/cn/tag/%E7%A4%BE%E4%BC%9A/



杨建利: 孙大午案体现出多重社会意义

发表时间: 20/11/2020 - 17:44

音频 14:18


中国农民企业家孙大午2020年11月11日清晨被警方带走。河北公安网络部门发布的简短信息显示,他被指控涉嫌“寻衅滋事、破坏生产经营等违法行为“。据《中国新闻周刊》此后的报道,不仅孙大午夫妇,而且其儿子儿媳及集团高管等共有28人被捕,大午集团高管几乎“连锅端”。总部设在美国华盛顿的关注中国权利运动的非政府团体公民力量的创办人杨建利先生认为,孙大午案是一个政治迫害案, 代表着不同层次的社会意义。

孙大午案是一次政治迫害案

法广:首先,您对孙大午再次被抓感到意外么?

杨建利:“我并不感到非常意外,因为孙大午是一个非常典型的中国民营企业家。所谓“典型”是说“异类”的民营企业家。他有几个特点。一是他本身做人非常正直,基本上在他整个发展过程中,不和政府勾兑;另外,他有另外一个角色,他不仅仅是民营企业家的代表,他的问题代表了中国的农村问题, 他是中国农村的一个乡绅,和政权之间一直有这样或那样的冲突,而在这些冲突中,他有一直不屈服。所以他的案例有几重意义。一个是民营企业家的命运问题,另外一个是中国乡村的发展问题,再一个是中国的乡村自治以及乡绅的命运问题。就是说,孙大午案有多重的社会意义。由于他和公权力不断冲突,而且他一直不屈服。他作为一个相当成功的民营企业家,他在社会上也掌控着一定的资源。他肯定是政府的心头大患。出事也是迟早的。他被抓、被迫害,这也不是第一次。”

https://www.rfi.fr/cn/%E4%B8%93%E6%A0%8F%E6%A3%80%E7%B4%A2/%E7%89%B9%E5%88%AB%E4%B8%93%E9%A2%98/






Four Reasons Why the CCP Arrested Farmer Businessman Sun Dawu ( 孙大午)


On November 11, following the arrest of Ren Zhiqiang, China’s real estate tycoon, Xu Zhangrun, a professor at Tsinghua University, and Geng Xiaonan, a publisher who openly supported a dissident law professor, Sun Dawu, a 66 year old businessman from Hebei province, was also arrested. The charge was for alleged “disorderly behavior and the sabotage of business operations” over a land dispute. State media reported that the homes of 28 members of the senior management team of the Dawu Group, including Sun’s wife, son and daughter-in-law were raided overnight.

On November 15, Han Lianchao posted on his twitter account that Sun Dawu is a well-known farmer and businessman and is highly respected in China. After his arrest, the Internet in China was flooded with people’s reactions. Not only did people from the legal and the economic communities, the news media, and private business circles express their support for Sun in a number of different ways. They vaguely and strongly called attention to Sun’s arrest. Han also published an article a netizen from China wrote commenting on Sun’s arrest. It summarized the following four reasons why Sun was arrested:


1. He disregarded the unspoken rules. Sun always speaks the truth and refuses to collude with the party officials from the county, the provincial level and the Ministry of Agriculture. He therefore offended the officials.

2. He was involved in a land dispute. When a state-owned farm tried to take land from the villagers, the Dawu group tried to intervene. The state-owned farm and the officials from the local county sent people to demolish the Dawu group’s building and got into a physical fight with the workers from Sun’s companies.

3. He openly comments on reform and supports constitutional democracy. Sun is sympathetic to the rights lawyers and to dissidents.

4. He owns 28 subsidiary companies. All of them are well managed and successful. They even donated money to build a hospital and schools and the locals favored them.



The article stated that people know what right and wrong are. Totalitarian tyrannies can suppress the public voice but they can’t silence it. Violent suppression will only make China’s peaceful transformation less likely. In facing future social transformation, having blood shed could be inevitable.

Source:

1. Twitter: Han Lianchao, November 15, 2020

国内网友传来一篇短文,评孙大午事件,特转发于此。中国大陆再次爆发反抗极权暴政的呼声。 孙大午是中国知名农民企业家,在民间享有很高声望。事件引爆中国网络舆论,法律界、经济学界、新闻媒体以及民营企业界人士,纷纷以各种方式表达对孙大午的支持肯定,隐晦而强烈呼吁关注孙大午!

pic.twitter.com/HyVnuCLMO3



— 韩连潮 (@lianchaohan) November 15, 2020

2. Sina, November 13, 2020

https://finance.sina.com.cn/chanjing/gsnews/2020-11-13/doc-iiznezxs1748082.shtml


http://chinascope.org/









                             

                                 Sun Dawu     D. Carlton Rossi     2002



                 The Arrests of Sun Dawu (孙大午)


In 2003, the arrest of SUN Dawu, his two brothers and a few others along with the author who was detained on house arrest made international headlines. The world found out what happened and why in a small village in rural China. On November 11, 2003, Sun Dawu abandoned his appeal to the charges of illegal fundraising and his probation began. To some degree it's been repeated, but most things have now changed whether they are of subtle or substantial nature.

Recently, Sun Dawu and his brothers were detained on November 11, 2020. The seventeen year anniversary to the day is no coincidence and taints any notion of impartiality. However, today, it is now much more personal. His wife was detained, his two sons were detained, his daughter-in-laws were detained and his oldest grandson was detained. It is basically an insult to and assault of the Confucian family whose very existence is threatened by the Communist Party of China.

To put it bluntly, it is an extreme form of hostage diplomacy. While in prison awaiting trial in 2003 there were threats made to Sun Dawu to admit guilt about illegal deposit taking. He agreed to be silent in court. However, at trial he was presented with Dawu Group's "IOU" which was identified as a "voucher of deposit" for illegal fundraising. He responded by saying "I typed an IOU, not a deposit slip. Are you illiterate?

Needless to say the prosecutor went bananas. The Chief Prosecutor said "Sun Dawu! You are still talking! You must know that your wife is at large, your two brothers are still in the detention center, and there are two more than 80-year-olds in your family..." That declaration by the Chief Prosecutor should have ended the trial at that very moment thereby freeing Sun on a mistrial, but it didn't.

The manner in which the arrests were conducted in 2003 and 2020 are very telling. Their unusual nature speaks volumes. On May 27, 2003, Sun Dawu was invited as a ruse to a dinner party held by the newly appointed county party secretary in Xushui County. It was held at the Hongyan Hotel. Deceptively, he was arrested as a dinner guest. This deception is one of the most egregious insults and acts of perfidy to a guest with regard to Chinese custom and Confucian values.

Sun Dawu's name means the Great Noon. Traditionally, Noon is the start of the day for Chinese. However, police forces chose the end of the day or midnight for their special operations police action. This procedure is highly unusual with respect to the detention of the family for what might be civil charges concerning property issues. Civil charges can transform into criminal charges with uncommon ease when the CCP controls the courts through "rule by law" .



                                 

                                                Three Brothers and Carlton
                                                      
                                                         October 2015




Inexplicibly, Xushui County police forces or the local ones did not conduct the arrests of the family. The arrests were undertaken by the Public Security Bureau of Hebei Gaobeidian City (高碑店 河北). One must speculatively assume that the decision to use this bureau was at the provincial level. One might also assume that if there is a trial the Sun family will not be judged by their peers but rather outsiders. Finally, it might be guessed that the local public security bureau might anticipate strong local support for Sun Dawu as was forthcoming in 2003 so they have moved the potential venue of trial.

The force used by the police was tantamount to a break-in by a police-state. Three hundred police arrived in six buses to arrest eight, sleeping family members. It's like Marathon in reverse when 300 Spartans died defending freedom against the invasion of hundreds of thousands led by an eastern despot. To the midnight break-in the police brought their dogs to intimidate. They brought their submachine guns as an expression of over-whelming force. They brought terror to instill fear in those who support rule of law and human rights.


D. Carlton Rossi
2020年10月30日








                         The Past and Present Crises


It is time that one revisits the recognition of the People's Republic of China by Canada in October 1970. The reason is that there is an obvious parallel with recent events . On the Canadian side, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has tried to build on his father's legacy at the time of Mao with respect to Sino-Canadian rapprochement. On becoming Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau set China-Canada free-trade as his goal while considering an extradition treaty. It was illogical to consider either proposition with an authoritarian, Communist regime which was confirmed with the arrests of Spavor and Kovrig in what is termed hostage diplomacy. On the Chinese side, President Xi Jinping has enshrined Xi Jinping Thought in the constitution preferring orderliness to chaotic Mao Tse-tung Thought interpreted in different ways during the Cultural Revolution. While Pierre Trudeau's recognition of China is of importance it must be put into a wider context since it meant the simultaneous severing of diplomatic ties with the Republic of China (ROC) which to China was a renegade province while Canada was confronting its own separatist movement in Quebec at the time with the kidnapping of Cross and Laporte.

To highlight the issue of separation in Canada one needs to look at the June 25, 1968 federal election. Pierre Elliott Trudeau won support by downplaying autonomy for Quebec while guaranteering the rights of French Canadians across Canada. On the day before the election, at the St. John Bapitste Parade which Trudeau reviewed, there were separatist riots, protests and demonstrations. The leaders of the Liberation and Chénier cells of the FLQ met for the first time in a paddy wagon.

At the time, China was in the throes of the Cultural Revolution. Mao's Great Leap Forward had failed so he initiated another revolution seventeen years after The Chinese Communist Revolution (解放战争). Mao unleased the Red Guards to enforce Communist dogma and get rid of the Four Olds (with the exception of the Old at the Center).

In March 1969, Lin Biao (林彪) declared martial law on the excuse of Sino-Soviet border clashes in order to eliminate his potential rivals to the succession. The result was that he became second-in-charge in April 1969. However, by the late summer of 1970, Mao became wary of Lin himself as a potential rival who had proposed that Mao become President which at the time was a ceremonial position from which President Liu Shaoqi (刘少奇) and been removed and died under torture.

This was the country called the People's Republic of China that the Canadian government under Pierre Trudeau recognized on October 13, 1970. Nine years earlier, Trudeau and Hebert had published Two Innocents in Red China about their tour during the Great Leap Forward. Forty million had died of famine induced by government policies during the country's leap of faith in Mao. By 1970, one can say that Trudeau knew exactly what had happened during The Great Chinese Famine of 1959-61 (三年大饥荒) within The Great Leap Forward of 1958-62 (大跃进) followed by The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution beginning in 1966 (无产阶级文化大革命). To know that he knew one only needs to quote Trudeau himself from his book. "Everyone knows that the Communists summarily rushed to the gallows or to jail many of the great landed proprietors. It was the genius of Mao Tse-tung to realize the extent to which his revolution must depend on the peasants, and he mercilessly suppressed the class that inspired in these peasants awe, respect, and submissiveness towards outworn traditions.”

Canada's recognition of an authoritarian regime led by a paranoid megalomaniac during a revolution and civil war was one thing, but its disavowal of the Republic of China was another thing. That was the condition though that Canada had to accept in order to normalize relations with the People's Republic of China. As Canada recognized the PRC on October 13, 1970 it suspended diplomatic relations with the ROC.

Isn't it ever so curious that the Canadian government had the time and determination to recognize the PRC on October 13, 1970 after James Cross had been kidnapped on October 5th, the FLQ Manifesto was published on October 8th, Pierre Laporte was kidnapped and killed on October 10th and just before Martial Law was declared on the 16th of October 1970? It was said that the recognition had been in the works since 1968; but, that does not seem to be an entirely satisfactory explanation.

To some degree the situation in Canada was eerily mirroring the chaotic situation in authoritarian China just about a year earlier when martial law had been declared. There was a major difference though in Canada. Martial Law was invoked through the War Measures Act in peace time on the basis of "apprehended insurrection". The justification was very clear. It was not real insurrection, but rather apprehended or perceived insurrection.

To an impartial observer it might seem that Prime Minister Trudeau overreacted to the actions of two FLQ cells called Liberation and Chénier comprising about ten members when he invoked the War Measures Act with Parliamentary approval. Might he have had remembrances of himself in 1942 as a young man at the age of 23 who apparently had been a leading organizer of a revolutionary cell called "LX"? Its purpose was to conduct a coup leading to a "corporatist independent Catholic and French Quebec."

There were 12,000 Canadian troops mobilized on a peacekeeping mission mainly in Montreal during the October Crisis. The number exceeded the 4,963 Canadian troops who participated at Dieppe during WWII. As a young man, Trudeau had called the European theatre an "imperialistic war" which had no relevance to French Canadians even though France itself fell. He confirmed his opposition to the war by being thrown out the Canadian Officer Training Corps for lack of discipline in 1940. In 1942, Trudeau gave an anti-conscription speech where he claimed government "traitors" should be "impaled alive".Yet, as a fifty-one year old and Prime Minister he compelled an army of overwhelming force to suppress an "apprehended insurrection" as opposed to a real insurrection or for that matter--war. It seems a classic case of overkill, so to speak, in order to consolidate power for a leader.

Quebec went through many waves of bombings between 1963 and 1969. However, they were perpetuated by a small group of thugs organized into cells. By 1970, 23 of this group were in prison. That left only two active cells of ten persons--hardly an insurrection. At the beginning of 1970, the tactic of those cells changed to include kidnappings. However, something more strange than that occurence was happening which is evidenced by the timelines.

On February 26, two Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) members were arrested in a panel truck. They were Pierre Marcil and Jacques Lanctôt who was leader of the Liberation cell. They had in their possession a sawed off shotgun and a communiqué announcing the kidnapping of the Israeli consul. Yet, Lanctôt was released on bail. Again, in June, police de la Communauté urbaine de Montreal (CUM) raided a home in Prévost where they found firearms, ammunition, 140 kg of dynamite, detonators, and the draft of a ransom note to be used in the kidnapping of the United States consul by Marcil and Lanctôt, but it is unclear if any arrests were made. At any rate, one might say in both cases there was no "smoking gun" of insurrection.

As of December 29, 1970 there were 453 persons arrested with suspected ties to the FLQ. It is rather telling that 435 were eventually released without being charged. It seems to reinforce the notion of an apprehended insurrection as opposed to a real insurrection. Furthermore, it suggests authorities were looking for reasons to excuse the actions of a few based on perception of just cause.

It is true that kidnappers and killers of Pierre Laporte from the FLQ's Chénier cell were charged with kidnapping and murder. However, those of the FLQ's Liberation Cell were treated with unusual leniency and accomodative expediency with the release of James Cross. The cell's revolutionaries who included Jacques Lanctôt were given safe passage to Cuba as a result of Trudeau's negotiations with Castro. Trudeau was not unfamiliar with the dictator. He had taken a canoe with a shrimp boat as escort to Cuba on May 1, 1960 in order to visit him. In later life, he joked to Castro in Spanish that he was suspected of running guns to the island and Castro followed up that an aircraft carrier would have been better.

There has been a cover-up of Pierre Trudeau's involvement in the October Crisis. The files of CSIS (Canada's spy agency) which covered a forty year period were destroyed in 1989. This fact was discovered by the National Post on June 15, 2019. Why did the files go back forty years?

One suspects they may have included Pierre Trudeau's trip to Moscow in April 1952. He led a Communist delegation to an economic conference organized by The Communist World Peace Council and The Communist World Federation of Trade Unions. It does not serve any purpose to label Trudeau with any particular political ideology. However, it is of some importance to quote Trudeau's own declaration to the wife of U.S. chargé d’affaires in Moscow which seemed to shock more than awe. He remarked that "he was a Communist and a Catholic and was in Moscow to criticize the U.S. and praise the Soviet Union”.

An anti-imperialist, American attitude over the years seemed to motivate Trudeau as much as a pro Communist one. This is evident in his dealings with Communist China, too. Let us not forget that Trudeau began negotiating about the recognition of China by Canada in 1968 or at the time of the Vietnam War. Both Russia and China were fighting proxy wars with the United States in North Vietnam. It was in 1967 that China reached its maximum number of troops in North Vietnam which numbered 170,000 according to Zhai Qiang in his book China and the Vietnam wars. Logistical support in the form of guns, artillery pieces and more continued up until 1975. The Soviet Union with its 3000 troops and more Spetznaz forces supplied North Vietnam with arms, tanks, planes, helicopters, artillery, anti-aircraft missiles, and other military equipment.

Trudeau had become leader of the Liberal Party and won an election with an overwhelming majority in his first term. However, he had consolidated power in a few persons around him some of whom were not elected. Neither the Parliament, Party nor the Cabinet ran the country, but rather his clique. The War Measures Act further consolidated his power. As Robert Fulford said "More importantly, he withdrew most of the power of the ministers and centralized all authority in his office and the Privy Council office."

In the administration of Justin Trudeau there was no "apprehended crisis" since the early infectious disease warning program in place for decades had been dismantled six months before the COVID-19 outbreak. Few were aware that a leading Chinese scientist had been escorted out of the Level 4 biosecurity lab at the National Microbiology Laboratory two weeks after the warning system was dismantled. To this day no one but the author has suspected a link between these two events as well as the end of the Predict early warning system of the US.

One may say that Justin Trudeau has taken a similar approach to consolidation of power. His foremost advisor was Gerald Butts who acted as the Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister ie. a non-elected official. He found it necessary to resign in order to protect his friend the Prime Minister. Justin Trudeau forced the resignation of his Minister of Justice and Attorney General Jody Wilson-Raybould and his Minister of Health Jane Philpott over their objections to the SNC scandal. Basically, everyone was forced to resign except the one person responsible for the whole mess--the Prime Minister himself.

Furthermore, his minority government attempted to push through a COVID Bill in March 2020. It would would have granted the finance minister the right to spend money, tax Canadians, and purchase or hold a company’s shares without the approval of Parliament until Dec. 31, 2021 or a span of 21 months. Trudeau argued that the government should be granted exceptional powers during the adjournment of Parliament to deal with a pandemic that was moving extremely quickly. That's really only a half-truth. The Prime Minister moved extremely slowly during January, February and March in response to COVID-19. The procrastination led to a crisis.

What both Pierre Trudeau and his son Justin have in common is the desire to promote socialism as they understand it through the Liberal Party. In a chapter of Social Purpose for Canada, Pierre Trudeau writes in 1961 that "Federalism must be welcomed as a valuable tool which permits dynamic parties to plant socialist governments in certain provinces, from which the seed of radicalism can slowly spread.” Trudeau cited the example of the superb strategist Mao Tse-tung in a vast, heterogeneous country.

At the top of Justin Trudeau's agenda is a basic income plan which would function similiar to the Canada Emergency Response Benefit. It will cost roughly $44 billion annually, but ironically may mean those who receive it will be worse off with cuts to other programs. It is really a part of unbridled spending and unrestricted borrowing which earlier forced the resignation of the Minister of Finance Bill Morneau. It is a system of socialism with Canadian characteristics or as the Chinese say of their system Marxist-Leninist "socialism with Chinese characteristics" (中国特色社会主义).

In summary, Pierre Trudeau over-reacted to an "apprehended insurrection" during the October Crisis of 1970 after waves of bombings by invoking the War Measures Act. Habeus corpus was suspended. Before the army was sent in he quipped "Just watch me". He intended to promote federalism or a strong state by suspending separation of Quebec with the presence of troops. His foreign policy reflected this circmstance by recognizing the PRC even though it was in the midst of a revolution where millions had died and martial law declared to eliminate rivals. The recognition of China also entailed that diplomatic relations with the Republic of China be severed. In other words, Trudeau equated democratic Canada in peacetime with authoritarian PRC during revolution and Quebec with the Republic of China in terms of separation. He successfully negotiated with the kidnappers of Cross; although, many demands of the the FLQ Liberation Cell were met.

In contrast, Justin Trudeau underreacted to the COVID-19 crisis because the early warning system to infectious diseases had been terminated under his watch and there was a cover-up of what went on at the National Microbiology Institute in Winnipeg and its relation and interaction with the National Institute of Virology in Wuhan, Hunan where in all probability COVID-19 was released if not custom designed. By delaying recognition and reaction to the severity of the crisis in China and its spread to Canada his government allowed the situation to reach crisis levels in Canada. Chinese unimpairedly entered all points of entry to Justin Trudeau's so-called "post-nationalist nation".

As the first wave hit Canada, he suspended Parliament and attempted to gain unfettered power. Mysteriously, a contract between the government of Canada and a Chinese company was made to develop a vaccine and more mystifyingly it went "poof' into thin air thereby delaying access to other vaccines. Before the second wave his minority government prorogued Parliament which had been preoccupied with the WE Charity scandal of his making. Little was done regarding COVID-19 during this period which allowed the second wave to gain momentum. Before and during the COVID-19 crisis Spavor and Kovrig have remained prisoners of hostage diplomacy. Justin Trudeau might just have well said "Don't watch me" as far any repercussions to China.

One might say that Pierre Trudeau took an active role in response to an "apprehended insurrection" while his son took a passive role in terms of an abysmal response to the COVID-19 pandemic. One person died who was kidnapped and killed in the October Crisis. More than twice as many Canadians have died in the COVID-19 crisis in Canada compared to China and the toll rises. Justin Trudeau ignores this inconvenient truth. Pierre Elliott Trudeau's China policy anticipated the American recognition of China in peace time, but Justin Trudeau's China policy has been long on talk and short on action regarding China's social record on civil and human rights, double-dealing and duplicity in economics as well as bellicosity in asymmetrical warfare and wolf diplomacy. The Canadian hostages remain behind bars in China while Justin Trudeau delays, deflects and distracts from failure of a foreign policy regarding China and its implications domestically with respect to national security. Finally, the advancement of political power and a socialist agenda were first and foremost in their minds for father and son during an apprehended and real crisis respectively.


D. Carlton Rossi
2020年10月30日







              


                                Human Virome


Telecommunication executives in China will be subject to rectification or correction which has a retributive aspect unless they self-educate themselves to censor informational chaos through rules and restrictions which in turn threaten rectification to their customers who may neglect to re-examine and re-educate themselves through self analysis. It is literally a chain of rectification. In layman's terms, it simply means don't criticize the government.

We are led to believe that stricter controls are a natural outcome of the situation after the COVID-19 outbreak. Clearly, the author needs more introspection to believe it is a natural outcome rather than a power play. It is difficult to be in-line with either One Thought policy of Socialism with Chinese characteristics or with No Thought of a Minority Government of One in Canada which wishes to extend its authoritarian socialist mandate. Frankly, the introspection results in cognitve dissonance and short-circuiting of synaptical connections.

The author is aware that his body is composed of bacteria and viruses. His gut instinct is that he must be defined by bacteria. There are up to 500 in his gut. However, on second self-examination--over a period of minutes--he is convinced the answer is viruses. In nature, viruses outnumber bacteria by 10-1. He has a unique "human virome" and it constantly changes. That means he must spend every minute if not every second of his life at self-examination. How he has time to do anything else except self-examination to avoid rectification is beyond his limited knowledge or ability.

Any self-examinatiion must start with definition. In this case, it must begin with the definition of "human virome". It is the total collection of viruses in and on the human body. His viruses are rapidly evolving and his human virome is quite dynamic. It seems rather chaotic. He will have to brush up on the technique of deep sequencing. Maybe he'll throw in a little ultradeep and a bit of transcritome sequencing.

Normally, he would look outside of himself to understand about viruses. For example, he would seek the advice of scientists at the Wuhan Institutue of Virology. Their scientists are experts on coronavirues at the Biosafety Level 4 Lab. In particular, they have extensive experience with bat viruses that can cause SARS-like coronaviruses with the potential for human transmission. Their avowed mission is to prevent future epidemics and not cause epidemics perhaps through lax security standards as some have claimed. However, while security standards may have been lax; nevertheless, secrecy is drum tight so consultation with experts is difficult. Let's be unbiased. One may say the same thing about the National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg, Canada--especially with the Qiu revelations.

Therefore, more self-examination is required for a person to understand himself/herself. It is rather ironical that while the threat of rectification is intended to induce compliance with one point of view in order to establish harmony its effect may be the opposite. One may realize that one's own human virome is unique and therefore the individual is unique. It seems rather chaotic to have 1.4 billion Chinese come to the self-realization that they have a unique human virome.

As a result of his newly discovered individuality, the author wonders if he was exposed to SARS when he lived in Beijing at the time of the SARS pandemic in 2003. He lived right across from a restaurant which was newly converted to a SARS hospital. He will have to search within himself for the RNA genome of SARS-HCoV.

He wonders (to himself only) why Canadian health experts didn't remember in 2020 how easily SARS spread from Beijing to Toronto in February 2003. Patient Zero was a woman who booked into the Metropole Hotel in Hong Kong and then returned to her home in Toronto. Severe acute respiratory syndrome killed 44 Canadians. Forty-four is a very unlucky number for Chinese. It became a more unlucky number for the Canadians who died.

Furthermore, he asks himself in an effort of self-discovery why Ottawa would dismantle the early pandemic warning system called Global Public Health Intelligence Network or GPHIN? It was set-up in 1997. The early warning system was cancelled on May 24, 2019 or two weeks before Dr. QIU Xiangguo was escorted out of the Level 4 Security section of the National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) in Winnipeg. She had made at least five trips to the Wuhan National Biosafety Laboratory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences between 2017-2018, which was certified for BSL4 in January 2017. While she had been in Canada for 23 years it is somewhat murky if she were classified as a Canadian citizen, permanent resident or a Chinese national.

It is commonly hyped that GPHIN ceased to exist "less than a year before the COVID-19 pandemic began". However, self-analysis through Jungian depth psychology reveals to the author that it was less than six months after Dr. Qiu was escorted out of the lab for breach of protocol before the discovery of a SARS-like coronavirus on December 30, 2019 at 7:00 pm. That was the exact time at which samples arrived at the Wuhan Institute of Virology.

Historically, GPHIN I had detected that something was going on in China with regard to infectious diseases. Dr. Ron St. John, Director General, Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response with the Public Health Agency of Canada reported that in late 2002 and early 2003 an influenza or early SARS was detected in China. However, he said that it was a new disease for which there was no test. From this system GPHIN II developed which gathers and disseminates data in a "real-time, 24/7" basis.

If authorities were to self-examine themselves regarding decisions they made regarding dismantlement of early warning virus detection systems they might ask the following. Was the decision to end GPHIN linked to the dismantling of Predict? The Trump administration cut funding for Predict which had identified 160 different viruses that had the potential to develop into pandemics. It was run by the US Agency for International Development which had instituted the program in 2009. The program was terminated in September 2019 just three months before it was believed COVID-19 began infecting people in Wuhan, Hubei.

Of course, authorites will say they cut programs to cut costs. However, it almost seems that with cancellation of programs so close together in time they may have been aware of what might transpire. Cancellations meant an absence of evidence which would allow for plausible deniability. For example, did US authorites know before September 2019 that a US Harvard professor allegedly became a Strategic Scientist beginning in 2011 at Wuhan University of Technology in China? In Canada, the early warning system was disbanded two weeks before Dr. Qiu, her husband and her students were escorted out of the Level 4 Lab in Winnipeg. CBC News reported that one of the scientists was "responsible for exporting [Ebola and Henipah] pathogens to the Wuhan Institute of Virology" some four months before July 5, 2019 or the day of expulsion. Do these incidents exhibit coincidence or rather correspondence?

The Chinese early warning system for infectious diseases was established in 2004. It is called the National Notifiable Disease Reporting System (NNDRS) which is operated by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). According to Manoj Harjani who is a Research Fellow with Future Issues and Technology "China’s early warning system may have been hampered by its reliance on case information obtained after diagnosis rather than analysis of pre-diagnosis risk factors." One thinks of the expression "Closing the stable door after the horse has bolted".

Recently, according to a report in the British Medical Journal dated October 26, 2020, there is a call for a national intelligent syndromic surveillance system (NISSS) in China. It would incorporate real-time data to forecast an epidemic accurately and robustly in order to guide the epidemic control and prevention work. One wonders how much NISSS resembles GPHIN II?

The author's self-examination should not exclude SARS-CoV-2. In February, he self-isolated for three weeks with severe bronchitis and pneumonia at least as they were discoverable through his self-diagnosis. Obviously, it will be necessary as part of his self-examination to administer to himself the SARS-CoV-2 Nucleic-acid Amplification Test. That will tell him whether or not he has had COVID-19.

In summary, self-examination has taught the author that he is a collection of viruses. He may have had SARS-HCoV which originated in Guangzhou, Guangdong. He probably had SARS-CoV-2 which originated in Wuhan, Hubei. He has received many Chinese vaccines over the last three decades. His unique human virome is more Chinese than he thought it was. Indeed, he is not what he eats, but rather the viruses to which he has been exposed.


D. Carlton Rossi
2020年11月1日







What were the priorities of the government at the end of the summer? It seems they had none. They prorogued Parliament. It was meant to delay questions about the WE Charity scandal as well as an investigation into dismantling of the early warning virus system which had been in place since the SARS crisis in 2003. The prorogation was also meant to delay concerns the opposition was having regarding unbridled spending which was foreshadowed by the resignation of the Minister of Finance on August 07, 2020 and reinforced by an absence of a Budget after prorogation. Furthermore, it was meant as a stalling technique to continue delays in taking a tougher stance on China. Most critically, during the hiatus, no new intiatives were introduced to deal with the nursing home crisis.

The end of prorogation was the beginning for the government to threaten an election call during a health crisis--especially as it applied to nursing homes-- if the opposition pursued questions on the WE Charity scandal. It is an attempt to distract the public regarding the inevitability of a second wave during the cold season of COVID-19 and recurrent flu as it pertains to nursing homes. It is an attempt to deflect attention from the resurgence of COVID-19 cases in the nursing homes where 80% of the deaths in Canada have occured as reflected generally in the statistics of the John Hopkins Resource Center.








                                    Illustration D


The Selden Map is courtesy of the Bodleian Library for educational purposes only



The poet is revisiting an image revealed to him on February 11, 2017 in order to make a descriptive comment on it. The image is superimposed on The Selden Map of the seventeenth century. It may surprise the reader to realize that he/she is viewing a poem. It is a poem of D. Carlton Rossi. It is a poem in the style of Poetic Analytic Imagery or to be specific Poetic Analytics of Imagery through Streams of Consciousness and Unconsciousness.

In this case, the poem is called Illustration D because the poet actually did not want to name it more specifically or for that matter describe it. He wanted the onlooker to see it without interpretation much as one would look at a painting in an art gallery or without commentary as one would read a poem.

An exception is made to the rule at this time because on The Selden Map he is now contrasting an unnamed poem involving a sandglass with a new poem involving the infinity sign. In other words, a rectangle is divided by an X into four parts. The infinity sign is horizontal and the sandglass sign is vertical stressing two different concepts of time and space. These signs are within Illustration D.

The viewer may appreciate the beauty of the geometric form evidenced in the illustration. Basically, it shows the Mandate of Heaven in the Middle Kingdom around 1619; that is, the relation of heaven, man and earth. More practically, it shows maritime trade routes complimenting older Silk Trade Routes on land. The emphasis though is on Beijing rather than Xian which was highlighted in an image poem called North-West Rectangle.

A brief description of Illustration D follows. The most important vertical line goes through the middle of the horizontal infinity symbol and the vertical sandglass sign. It also goes upward through a large yellow square.  In the center of the large square is the smaller square. At its bottom is Beijing and within it is the Forbidden City and within it is the Temple of Heaven and within it is the Observatory near which sacrifices were made.

The small square is superinposed on another image. It is an outline of the Emperor dressed in Ming Dynasty style attire . As far as the poet knows he is the only one who has seen this hidden image. It is an image of the Emperor blowing the wind. Beijing is located in the Cap of the Emperor. It may be imagined that the Emperor is protected by the wall around the Forbidden City and one can see the Great Wall which protects China at the top of the Cap.

The line then continues north or upwards through the smaller infinity sign in the middle of the ruler. It progresses onward to
the North Circumpolar Rectangle or Polar Quadrilateral. At the top of the large yellow square is the yellow rectangle (NCR). At the top of the square and rectangle is the center of the compass. It represents the location of Draconis A and B (ancient Pole Stars).

At the top, left-hand corner of the large square the poet has identified the Yanran Inscription within an horizontal rectangle. It marks a major victory of the Han over the Xiongnu Confederacy in 89 CE. The line then goes through the point at the center of the compass. It then goes eastward to the middle of the vertical rectangle representing the void. In other words, the importance of a major victory is contrasted with the unimportance of nothingness.

A poetic interpretation of The Selden Map through geometric form is relevant today. It defines the historical boundaries of modern China. Generally speaking, the Four Seas of the Han Dynasty mark the North, South, West and East boundaries of the Empire as defined in Illustration D and as explained in the poet's thesis called The Selden Poems. This illustration may or may not provide historical justification for China's claim to some or all of the South China Sea through either force or discourse based on the harmony of heaven, mankind and earth as a moral or legal imperative. However, it acts as an historical reference and guide for all parties.

The map itself is named after John Selden who wrote the draft for Mare Clausum or the closed sea in 1618 and the final version in 1635. He attempted to prove that the sea was "in practice virtually as capable of appropriation as terrestial territory." In the area of the South China Sea it contrasts to the Dutch East India Company's claim to an open sea enforced in 1619 with their seizure of the Javanese city of Jayakarta. The doctrine of the open sea was promulgated by Hugo Grotius in his Mare Liberum (1609) with respect to the Dutch involvement in the West Indies.


D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

2020年10月25日







                      

                                Sun Family Conference

 

           From Infinity to Time Measured by a Sandglass


The Mandate of Heaven was a compact between the people of the Zhou Dynasty (1046 BCE-256 BCE) and the supreme god. It conferred legitimacy on the Zhou ruler. The ruler was bound to uphold harmony and honor within the empire. The Zhou was the longest lasting dynasty at 790 years.

The Han Dynasty (202 BCE-220 BCE) was the second longest imperial dynasty at 422 years. The Four Seas (四海) concept was a pre-Han Dynasty belief which was held since at least the beginning of the Zhou Dynasty. However, the Han Dynasty defined it more clearly and expanded upon the concept. The seas included the East China Sea, South China Sea, Lake Balkash as the West Sea and Lake Baikal as the North Sea.

Today, China's offshore Four Seas are the Bohai, Yellow, East China and South China. It was announced on November 28, 2011 that military exercises were held near the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea, East Sea, in the north Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea. The exercises continue to the present time.

The most disputed area with respect to legal rights pertains to the South China Sea. On September 25, 2017, China announced a claim called the Four Sha” (四沙 meaning four sand). It extends sovereignty and maritime jurisdiction to the island groups called Dongsha, Xisha, Nansha, and Zhongsha.

The poet is reminded of the "X" symbol in the middle of the ruler on the Selden Map. It resembles infinity. The symbol is employed by the poet on both the Northwest Rectangle (Silk Road trade routes) and expanded Illustration D (includes Maritime Trade Routes) to define the extent of Chinese territory based in part on the old and modified concept of Four Seas during the Han Dynasty. The horizontal infinity symbol represents an unlimited period of time.

With respect to the human time span one might consider the period from the Zhou to the Qing Dynasty which is exceedingly long. However, if the infinity symbol is turned so that it becomes vertical it resembles a sandglass or hour glass. It measures short periods of time. For example, the shift for a Chinese sailor during the Ming Dynasty as measured by a sandglass was two and a half hours or one tenth of the day. Therefore, the shift from what had been the Nine Dash Line to a shifting sands Four Sha claim seems to be equivalent to that of a sandglass with respect to time. It is short and rather fleeting compared to the longer 2957 year period from Zhou to Qing which involved both the Mandate of Heaven compact and the Four Seas concept.

However, the Chinese government and Communist Party is officially atheist. They have connected the Four Seas which are adjacent to China. Since the South China Sea links the Pacific and Indian Oceans it then becomes part of the One Belt One Road plan which is an expanded view of Xi Jinping Thought. One Belt One Road has been renamed the "Belt and Road Initiative" (BRI) which is intended to join China with more than 100 countries through railroad, shipping and energy projects.

The BRI may be regarded as a grandiose scheme. Historically speaking, how have grandiose schemes fared in Chinese history? Qin Shi Huangdi (秦始皇) was the first emperor of a united China. In the North, he built the precursor of the Great Wall to defend the Qin state from the Xiongnu and in the South he built the Lingqu canal to transport supplies to the army. He was unable to secure an elixir of life from the island of Zhifu which has since joined the mainland by sand and soil of the sea's floor. His Plan B was to build a tomb and 35 to 60 kilometer square necropolis for the afterlife. The Qin Dynasty (秦朝) was one of the shortest since it lasted only fourteen years from 221 BCE-206 BCE.

Then there was the Yongle Emperor (永樂帝) who was the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty. He reigned from 1402 CE-1424 CE. He called for a massive reconstruction of the Grand Canal. He also continued the building of the Ming Great Wall as a defensive measure and to protect his tomb. The Forbidden City of the new capital of Beijing took years to build at great expense. The inauguration took place on February 2, 1421. On May 09, 1421 the Forbidden City was struck by lightning. The fire burned down the Hall of Great Harmony, Central Harmony and Preserving Harmony. The Emperor lost the Mandate of Heaven.

Before the fire, the emperor had sponsored ZHENG He's sixth expedition of nine-masted treasure ships which sailed on March 03, 1421. The main purpose of the Treasure Fleet was to display Chinese might in order to secure tribute as early as 1409. A fleet of smaller vessels had sailed down the Sungari and Amur Rivers to Telin (特林) where the poet argues the Peng is located and the boundary of the Empire. The expenditures of the construction projects and the Treasure Fleet as well as ill-fated military expeditions left the empire in poor financial straits.

The main problem with the grandiose Belt and Road Initiative (involving the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road) is that there is no clear idea of its cost, timeline or extent.The cost estimates vary from $1 trillion to $8 trillion. The Center for Strategic and International Studies said in 2018 that China's trillion dollar infrastucture promise may not be met for several years. The main danger to the program seems to be inflated expections--especially if $8 trillion promises are touted as they have been by commentaries in the Hong Kong Economic Journal and mirrored by the Asian Development Bank. One might say that inflated promises of spending encourage countries to curry favour with China in order to secure funding. Is currying favour not the equivalent of paying tribute?

The China Communications Construction Company (CCCC) has taken part in BRI projects. It is said to be "the fulcrum of China’s BRI ambitions". Five of its entities have been placed on The Entity List of The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS). The BIS placed restrictions on the companies which enabled the People's Republic of China to reclaim and militarize disputed outposts in the South China Sea.


D. Carlton Rossi

2020年10月26日












                       


孙大午:上帝丢了几只羊 2018-11-11

Sun Dawu: God lost a few sheep 2018-11-11


2018年11月11日,孙大悟在大悟中学读书。 他当时正在与学生和一位基督教传教士,一位名叫 Shabanu 的美国老师谈话。


On November 11, 2018, Sun Dawu was at Dawu Middle School. He was talking with students and an American teacher named Shabanu who was a Christian missionary.


1、只要你活着,就会服从社会法律的审判,不管这个法律对不对,都要服从社会法律,逃脱不了;2、人的良心审判,一个人的良知是有神性的,人的直觉是有神性的,当一个人做错事的时候,比如偷东西、杀人,他的良心是不安的,这个才是最高的审判;3、这两种审判之后,有信仰的最终交给了上帝的审判、神的审判。


Sun Dawu: Everyone will have three kinds of judgments: 1. As long as you are alive, you will obey the judgment of the social law. Regardless of whether the law is correct or not, you must obey the social law and cannot escape; 2. The judgment of the conscience of man. A person’s conscience is divine, and human intuition is divine. When a person does something wrong, such as stealing or killing, his conscience is disturbed. This is the highest judgment; 3. After these two kinds of judgments, those who have faith are finally handed over to God's judgment.


孙大午: 问题是我们这个社会谁去主导,真正主导的应该是社会法律,而最高境界的法律应该是人的社会良知。当你随着自己的良知走的时候,你会觉得你浑身是胆,浑身是正气。


Sun Dawu: The question is who is leading in our society, the real leading should be the social law, and the highest level of law should be the social conscience of people. When you follow your conscience, you will feel that you are full of courage and righteousness.


http://sundawu1.blog.sohu.com/326506298.html










宪法》视角下的民营企业保护 添加时间:

2019-07-01 08:47:29

The Protection of Private Enterprises from the Perspective of the Constitution

2019-07-01 08:47:29



Jiang Ping


二、问题分析:犯罪类型差异的核心要素是企业在经济结构中的地位

为什么民企和国企企业家的犯罪类型会出现这种明显的差异呢?首先,国企可依靠行政权力获得丰厚的资源、项目和财富,并能将这些资源和项目分发或分包给下属企业和民营企业。而且国企“一把手”和高管的权力过大,内部监控和制衡机制缺乏。这种制度环境决定了国企企业家的犯罪类型集中于受贿、贪污、挪用公款等。

与国企不同,民企缺少公权力的优势,缺乏资源,缺少项目和相应的资金,求发展的途径往往是行贿、非法吸收公众存款、偷逃税款等,通过非法手段获得企业所需要的资源、项目和资金。在企业资金链断裂情况下更容易铤而走险。


2. Problem analysis: The core element of the difference in crime types is the position of the enterprise in the economic structure

Why is there such a clear difference in the types of crimes committed by private and state-owned entrepreneurs? First, state-owned enterprises can rely on administrative power to obtain abundant resources, projects and wealth, and can distribute or subcontract these resources and projects to subordinate enterprises and private enterprises. Moreover, the “top leaders” and senior executives of state-owned enterprises have too much power and lack of internal monitoring and checks and balances. This institutional environment determines that the types of crimes committed by state-owned enterprise entrepreneurs are concentrated on bribery, corruption, and embezzlement of public funds.

Unlike state-owned enterprises, private enterprises lack the advantages of public power, resources, projects and corresponding funds. The way to seek development is often bribery, illegal absorption of public deposits, tax evasion, etc., and obtain the resources and projects needed by the enterprise through illegal means. And funding. It is easier to take risks when the company's capital chain is broken.


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孙大午, Sun Dawu, 刘会茹,Dawu Group, 私营企业,主立宪制度, 大午农牧集团有限公司,河北省,徐水县郎,五庄,2020年11月11日,November 11,2020,1911,辛亥革命,孫德明, 三民主义,Unirule,天则经济研究所,茅于轼,土地扣押,农民,农业集体 伦理资,本主义,D.Carlton Rossi,拆迁,寻衅滋事,709案,709大抓捕,警察,保护伞.

Sun Dawu, Sun Dawu, Liu Huiru, Dawu Group, DAWU GROUP,Private Entrepreneur Constitutional System, Dawu Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Group Co., Ltd.,Langwuzhuang, Xushui County, Hebei Province, November 11, 2020, November 11,2020,1911,Xinhai Revolution,Sun Deming,Three Principles of the People,Unirule, Tianze Economic Research Institute,Mao Yushi,land seizure,farmers,agricultural collective,ethical capitalism,D. Carlton Rossi,demolition and relocation,picking quarrels and provoking troubles,709 case,709 crackdown,police,protective umbrella.






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孙大午, Sun Dawu, 刘会茹,Dawu Group, 大午集团; 私营企业主立宪制度, 大午农牧集团有限公司,河北省,徐水县郎,五庄,2020年11月11日,November 11,2020,1911,辛亥革命,孫德明, 三民主义,Unirule,天则经济研究所,茅于轼,土地扣押,农民,农业集体 伦理资,本主义,D.Carlton Rossi,拆迁,寻衅滋事,709案,709大抓捕,警察,保护伞.

Sun Dawu, Sun Dawu, Liu Huiru, Dawu Group,DAWU GROUP,Private Entrepreneur Constitutional System, Dawu Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Group Co., Ltd.,Langwuzhuang, Xushui County, Hebei Province, November 11, 2020, November 11,2020,1911,Xinhai Revolution,Sun Deming,Three Principles of the People,Unirule, Tianze Economic Research Institute,Mao Yushi,land seizure,farmers,agricultural collective,ethical capitalism,D. Carlton Rossi,demolition and relocation,picking quarrels and provoking troubles,709 case,709 crackdown,police,protective umbrella.